Nova (1974–…): Season 20, Episode 3 - Mind of a Serial Killer - full transcript

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Narrator:
DAVID BERKOWITZ, THE SON OF SAM

SHOT AT LEAST SIX YOUNG LOVERS
IN NEW YORK CITY.

ALBERT DeSALVO
RAPED AND STRANGLED

MORE THAN TEN WOMEN IN BOSTON.

AND WITH 13 GRISLY MURDERS
IN NORTH CENTRAL ENGLAND

PETER SUTCLIFFE BECAME KNOWN
AS THE YORKSHIRE RIPPER.

SERIAL KILLERS
GRIP THE PUBLIC'S ATTENTION

AND CONFRONT OUR
OWN PRIVATE DREAD.

THEY COME IN ALL SHAPES...

AND SIZES...
FROM EVERY WALK OF LIFE.

THEY'RE OFTEN INTELLIGENT
AND RESOURCEFUL.



THEY ARE NOT DRIVEN
BY SUCH CONVENTIONAL MOTIVES

AS REVENGE, GREED,
JEALOUSY, PROFIT

SO THEY DO NOT RESPOND
TO SUCH CONVENTIONAL EMOTIONS

AS GUILT OR REMORSE.

THEY ARE, THEREFORE,
VERY DIFFICULT TO CATCH.

( police siren blares )

SINCE 1960, THE MURDER RATE
IN THE UNITED STATES

HAS ALMOST DOUBLED.

NOW APPROXIMATELY 55 PEOPLE
ARE SLAIN EACH DAY

AND THE NUMBER OF MASS,
SPREE AND SERIAL MURDERS--

CRIMES GENERALLY COMMITTED
AGAINST TOTAL STRANGERS--

HAS INCREASED STEADILY
AND ALARMINGLY.

SPECIAL AGENT JAMES WRIGHT

SUPERVISES THE INVESTIGATIVE
ANALYSIS PROGRAM



OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU
OF INVESTIGATION.

Wright:
BACK IN THE 1960s, THE SOLUTION RATE FOR HOMICIDE

IN THE UNITED STATES
WAS OVER 90%.

THE SOLUTION RATE LAST YEAR
WAS 68%.

WE'RE NOT SEEING
THE TYPE OF CRIME

THAT IS COMMITTED BETWEEN
TWO PEOPLE THAT KNOW EACH OTHER.

WE'RE GETTING MORE AND MORE INTO
TO STRANGER-TYPES OF CRIMES.

THOSE ARE THE MOST
BAFFLING TYPES

BECAUSE WE DON'T HAVE
A READY POOL OF SUSPECTS

AND VERY OFTEN WE DON'T HAVE
A MOTIVE FOR THESE CRIMES--

NOT AN OBVIOUS MOTIVE.

( trainer shouts command )

( runners grunt as they rise )

Narrator:
LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS ACROSS THE COUNTRY

MUST CONFRONT
THE REALITY OF THESE TRENDS

AND SEEK WAYS
TO GRAPPLE WITH THEM.

AT THE F.B.I.'s NATIONAL ACADEMY
IN QUANTICO, VIRGINIA

ALL OF THE TRADITIONAL WEAPONS
ARRAYED AGAINST CRIME

ARE TAUGHT AND PRACTICED.

BUT NONTRADITIONAL CRIMES

REQUIRE NONTRADITIONAL METHODS

AND SERIAL KILLERS--
THOSE WHO KILL REPEATEDLY--

ARE PERHAPS THE MOST TERRIFYING
CHALLENGES OF ALL.

IN A SUITE OF OFFICES
TWO FLOORS BELOW THE GROUND

A SMALL AND ELITE GROUP KNOWN AS
THE INVESTIGATIVE SUPPORT UNIT

JOURNEYS INTO THE VERY
HEART OF DARKNESS--

INTO THE MINDS AND MOTIVATIONS

OF SERIAL KILLERS.

Man:
OVER THE WEEKEND WE HAD SEVERAL CASES CAME IN

SEVERAL OF WHICH ARE SERIAL
MURDER INVESTIGATIONS...

Narrator:
THE UNIT'S OBJECTIVE IN MORE THAN 1,000 CASES EACH YEAR:

INTERPRET BEHAVIORAL CLUES
LEFT AT A CRIME SCENE

TO COME UP WITH
A PERSONALITY PROFILE

OF AN UNKNOWN
AND ELUSIVE OFFENDER.

THEY JUST CAME UP WITH
ANOTHER BODY LAST WEEK

SO THEY'VE HAD FOUR KILLED
IN THE LAST TWO WEEKS.

Narrator:
THIS TECHNIQUE GREW OUT OF A PIONEERING STUDY BEGUN IN 1978

OF MULTIPLE MURDERERS
AND OTHER VIOLENT CRIMINALS.

ITS KEY CONTRIBUTOR
WAS SPECIAL AGENT JOHN DOUGLAS

NOW THE UNIT'S CHIEF.

Douglas:
YOU INTERVIEW THE SUBJECTS, THEY'LL TELL YOU

THAT WHAT WAS REALLY APPEALING
TO THEM WAS THE HUNT--

THE HUNT AND TRYING TO LOOK
FOR THE VULNERABLE VICTIM.

AND ONCE THEY HAVE THAT VICTIM

AND THEY HAVE THAT VICTIM
UNDER THEIR CONTROL

THEY FEEL THE STRENGTH
OR THE POWER

AND TO CONTROL THE LIFE
OR DESTINY OF THIS VICTIM.

THEY BELIEVE THROUGHOUT THEIR
LIFE THEY HAVE BEEN MANIPULATED

THEY HAVE BEEN DOMINATED
AND CONTROLLED BY OTHERS.

THEY HAVE A VERY,
VERY POOR SELF-ESTEEM

SO HERE, FOR THIS ONE SITUATION
THAT WAS FUELED BY FANTASY

THAT THEY CAN GET A VICTIM,
THEY CAN BE IN CONTROL

THEY CAN ORCHESTRATE WHATEVER
THEY WANT TO DO TO THE VICTIM

AND THEY CAN DECIDE
WHETHER OR NOT

THIS VICTIM SHOULD LIVE OR DIE

OR HOW THE VICTIM SHOULD DIE--
IT'S UP TO THEM.

Narrator:
DOUGLAS AND HIS PARTNER ROBERT RESSLER

WENT INTO THE PRISONS AND
CONDUCTED EXTENSIVE INTERVIEWS

WITH THE MOST DANGEROUS
CRIMINALS

TO FIND OUT WHAT MADE THEM TICK.

OUT OF THE STUDY CAME A SYSTEM
TO UNDERSTAND AND CLASSIFY

TYPES OF KILLERS
AND OTHER VIOLENT OFFENDERS.

FOR THE FIRST TIME,
THE F.B.I. WAS ABLE TO LINK

WHAT WAS GOING ON
IN THE PERPETRATOR'S MIND

TO THE EVIDENCE HE LEFT
AT A CRIME SCENE.

Man:
RECENTLY IN COLORADO

A 15-YEAR-OLD GIRL WAS DEPOSITED
OFF THE SIDE OF THE ROAD.

THE SAME SIGNATURE
KIND OF ASPECT

WITH THE WAY THE BODY
WAS DEPOSITED

THE TYPE OF LIGATURE
STRANGULATION...

Douglas:
THERE ARE COMMON DENOMINATORS WITH ALL OF THESE PEOPLE.

THEY COME FROM,
GENERALLY, BROKEN HOMES.

THEY'RE THE PRODUCT
OF SOME ABUSE.

AND BY THE TIME WE BEGIN
SEEING HIS FIRST KILL

HE'S SOMEWHERE IN HIS EARLY 20s.

HE HAS A BAD TRACK RECORD--
HE'S BEEN A BURGLAR

HE'S BEEN MAYBE INVOLVED
IN RAPE, OR RAPE ATTEMPTS

AND HE'S BEEN EXTREMELY
HOSTILE AND VIOLENT

TO AUTHORITY TYPE OF FIGURES.

Man:
THE BEST PREDICTOR OF FUTURE BEHAVIOR

OR FUTURE VIOLENT ACTING OUT,
IS A PAST HISTORY OF VIOLENCE.

Narrator:
THE JOURNEY INTO THE MIND OF THE VIOLENT OFFENDER

REMAINS AN ONGOING QUEST
OF DISCOVERY.

WHAT IS LEARNED IS THEN TAUGHT

IN THE F.B.I. ACADEMY'S
CLASSROOMS.

JUST AS AN OFFENDER
LEAVES FINGERPRINTS

OR OTHER PHYSICAL EVIDENCE
AT THE SCENE OF A CRIME

THE F.B.I. LOOKS FOR HIS
PERSONALITY PRINT AS WELL.

THEY'RE SUSPICIOUS OF OTHERS

THEY'RE PARANOID,
OVERLY SENSITIVE...

Narrator:
INVESTIGATORS ARE TRAINED

TO INTERPRET
THIS BEHAVIORAL EVIDENCE

TO CREATE A PROFILE
OF THE UNKNOWN OFFENDER.

THIS TECHNIQUE CAN HELP POLICE
NARROW THEIR LIST OF SUSPECTS

AND SOMETIMES
SUGGEST ACTIVE STRATEGIES

TO CATCH THE PERPETRATOR.

AT THIS SCENE, A MILDLY
HANDICAPPED TEACHER

WAS FOUND BRUTALLY BEATEN,
RAPED AND STRANGLED

ON THE STAIR LANDING
OF HER APARTMENT BUILDING.

SHE WAS ATTACKED IN THE MORNING
IN A HIGH-TRAFFIC AREA

AND WAS KNOCKED OUT
BEFORE BEING VIOLATED.

AFTER DEATH,
HER BODY WAS MUTILATED

AND DISPLAYED
IN A RITUALISTIC FASHION.

Man:
WE'VE YET TO SEE A CASE

INVOLVING THIS KIND
OF POSTMORTEM MUTILATION

WHERE YOU HAD A BLACK
OR AN HISPANIC PERSON.

THIS SEEMS TO BE THE PURVIEW
OF WHITE MEN

AND THE MANNER
IN WHICH THEY KILL...

Narrator:
SPECIAL AGENT JUDSON RAY

BRINGS HIS EXPERIENCE
AS A POLICEMAN

TO HIS PROFILING WORK.

Ray:
THE FACT THAT THIS WAS A MILDLY CRIPPLED VICTIM

AND ALSO THE PERPETRATOR
HAD TO RENDER

THIS INDIVIDUAL UNCONSCIOUS

BEFORE HE BEGAN HIS ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED TO US

A KIND OF INADEQUACY
ON THE PART OF THIS PERPETRATOR;

A PERSON WHO'S NOT
VERY, VERY SURE

A PERSON WHO PERHAPS
REQUIRES BEING ALONE A LOT

AND IS NOT VERY,
VERY COMFORTABLE

IN THE PRESENCE OF OTHER PEOPLE.

THE FACT THAT THIS CRIME
OCCURRED IN THE DAYTIME--

IT WAS A VERY HIGH-RISK MANEUVER
FOR THE OFFENDER--

SUGGESTED TO US THAT
THIS INDIVIDUAL HAD AT LEAST

A PASSING FAMILIARITY
WITH THE APARTMENT BUILDING.

THE FACT THAT THIS INDIVIDUAL
WAS OUT AT THIS TIME OF THE DAY

SUGGESTED TO US THAT
HE WAS NOT GAINFULLY EMPLOYED

THAT HE WAS PROBABLY
LIVING IN A RELATIONSHIP

DEPENDENT UPON PARENTS

OR SOME OTHER
SIGNIFICANT PERSON IN HIS LIFE.

THIS WOMAN WAS KILLED
BY LIGATURE STRANGULATION

AND THE ITEM USED TO FASTEN
THE LIGATURE WAS FROM HER PURSE.

THIS SUGGESTED TO US
THAT THIS INDIVIDUAL

HAD NO PLAN OF KILLING,
AND PROBABLY WAS NOT AWARE

THAT HE WOULD COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THIS INDIVIDUAL

ON THIS PARTICULAR DAY.

THERE WAS A UNIQUE ASPECT
OF THIS CRIME:

THE PERPETRATOR TOOK THE
EARRINGS FROM THE VICTIM'S EARS

AND SYMMETRICALLY PLACED THEM
EQUAL DISTANCE FROM HER HEAD.

THIS INDICATED TO US
THAT THIS INDIVIDUAL

PERHAPS MAY HAVE BEEN SUFFERING
SOME SORT OF PSYCHOSIS;

CERTAINLY SOME MENTAL DISORDER
THAT WOULD ALLOW THE POLICE

TO FURTHER NARROW THE FOCUS
ON A PARTICULAR KIND OF SUSPECT.

Narrator:
THE POLICE CHECKED LOCAL MENTAL HOSPITALS

AND FOUND ONE MAN WHO HAD
LEFT WITHOUT PERMISSION

THE DAY OF THE MURDER.

HIS FATHER HAD ONCE LIVED IN
THE VICTIM'S APARTMENT BUILDING

AND IN VIRTUALLY
EVERY OTHER RESPECT

HE MATCHED THE F.B.I.'s PROFILE
PRECISELY.

HE WAS ARRESTED, TRIED,
AND FOUND GUILTY OF MURDER.

THE PROGRAM BEGAN
IN THE LATE 1970s

WHEN WE BEGAN CONDUCTING
THE RESEARCH.

WITHIN THE F.B.I. THERE
WERE STILL A LOT OF SKEPTICS

AND IT REALLY WASN'T
UP UNTIL ABOUT 1982

IN THE WAYNE v. WILLIAMS CASE
IN ATLANTA

THAT WE REALLY GOT
A NAME FOR OURSELVES.

WE WENT ON-SITE, WE DID
AN ANALYSIS, WE DID A PROFILE

THAT DESCRIBED HIM
RIGHT DOWN TO A "T."

Narrator:
IN 1982, ATLANTA WAS A CITY UNDER SIEGE.

DOUGLAS WENT TO THE SITE

WHERE EACH OF MORE
THAN 20 BLACK CHILDREN

HAD BEEN FOUND SMOTHERED
AND STRANGLED.

COULD THIS BE
SOME TYPE OF A CONSPIRACY?

COULD WE HAVE MULTIPLE
OFFENDERS INVOLVED?

COULD WE BE DEALING
WITH SOME TYPE OF GROUP--

THE KU KLUX KLAN
OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF GROUP

WHO HAS HATRED TOWARDS BLACKS?

GENERALLY WITH
THOSE TYPES OF CASES

THE CRIME SCENES ARE VERY
SYMBOLIC-- WE DIDN'T SEE THAT.

Narrator:
DOUGLAS FELT A WHITE PERSON

PROWLING THESE
BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS

COULD NOT HAVE AVOIDED NOTICE,
AND THAT TOLD HIM SOMETHING.

BUT HE ALSO KNEW
THAT THE CHOICE OF VICTIM

COULD TELL HIM EVEN MORE
ABOUT THE TYPE OF MURDERER.

Douglas:
TO UNDERSTAND THE VICTIM

THAT REQUIRES
REINTERVIEWING FAMILY MEMBERS

AND PEOPLE WHO WERE VERY,
VERY CLOSE TO THAT VICTIM

SO THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND
THE DYNAMICS THAT IS GOING ON

BETWEEN THE VIOLENT OFFENDER
AND THE VICTIM

AT THE TIME OF THE ASSAULT.

Narrator:
AMONG CERTAIN VICTIMS, A COMMON PROFILE EMERGED:

YOUNG, ADVENTURESOME MALES,
CURIOUS AND INQUISITIVE CHILDREN

SUSCEPTIBLE TO A COME-ON
OR A CON FROM THE RIGHT PERSON.

AND THAT PERSON,
DOUGLAS BELIEVED

WOULD BE A BLACK MALE
IN HIS EARLY 20s

HOMOSEXUALLY ATTRACTED
TO THE BOYS

AND CLEVER ENOUGH
TO GAIN THEIR TRUST.

SOMEONE THIS INTELLIGENT AND
MANIPULATIVE, DOUGLAS SURMISED

WOULD FOLLOW THE INVESTIGATION

PLAYING A CAT-AND-MOUSE GAME
WITH THE POLICE.

Douglas:
WE BEGAN SEEING THAT ANYTIME SOMEONE WOULD TALK TO THE PRESS

THE MEDICAL EXAMINERS OR POLICE,
HE WOULD RESPOND TO THAT

AND HE WOULD RESPOND BY
PRESENTING ANOTHER BODY TO US

AND NOW THE BODIES WERE FOUND
IN OPEN VIEW, ALONGSIDE OF ROADS

WHERE HE WANTED US
TO FIND THE VICTIMS.

Narrator:
THEN WHEN THE MEDICAL EXAMINER ANNOUNCED THAT

HAIR AND FIBER EVIDENCE
HAD BEEN FOUND

DOUGLAS PREDICTED
THE NEXT BODIES

WOULD SHOW UP IN THE RIVER

WHERE THE WATER
WOULD WASH AWAY CLUES.

A STAKEOUT WAS MOUNTED.

WAYNE B. WILLIAMS, A SELF-STYLED
MUSIC PROMOTER AND POLICE BUFF

WAS APPREHENDED ON A BRIDGE
OVER THE CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER

WHERE ANOTHER BODY
WAS SOON DISCOVERED.

HAIR AND FIBER
FROM WILLIAMS' HOME

MATCHED SAMPLES
FROM 12 OF THE VICTIMS--

THE ONLY 12 DOUGLAS
ASSOCIATES WITH WAYNE WILLIAMS.

DURING THE TRIAL

WILLIAMS APPEARED
SYMPATHETIC AND BELIEVABLE

SO THE PROSECUTION TURNED
TO DOUGLAS'S PERSONALITY PROFILE

IN AN EFFORT TO CONVICT HIM.

Douglas:
WHAT I SUGGESTED TO THE PROSECUTORS

WAS TO DO
A "THIS IS YOUR LIFE" STORY.

I WANTED TO INFRINGE
UPON HIS BODY SPACE;

I WANTED THE PROSECUTOR

TO GET IN BETWEEN THE JURORS
AND WAYNE WILLIAMS

AND I WANT HIM TO BE
VERY METHODICAL

AND VERY LOW
IN HIS SPEAKING VOICE

AND AT ONE POINT I WANT YOU TO
SAY, "WHAT WAS IT LIKE, WAYNE?

"WHAT WAS IT LIKE, WAYNE,
WHEN YOU WRAPPED YOUR FINGERS

"AROUND ONE
OF THE VICTIM'S THROATS?

DID YOU PANIC?"

AND WILLIAMS SAID, "NO."

BUT THEN HE CAUGHT HIMSELF
AND HE WENT INTO A RAGE

AND SCREAMING AND YELLING,
AND HE STARTED SAYING

"I KNOW YOU'VE GOT THAT F.B.I.
PROFILE OVER THERE

BUT YOU'RE NOT GOING TO GET ME
TO FIT THAT PROFILE."

ATLANTA IS JUST ONE EXAMPLE
OF HOW A SINGLE PERSON

CAN LEAVE A TRAIL OF HUMAN
DEVASTATION IN HIS WAKE.

AND THE F.B.I. BELIEVES THERE
IS HARDLY A MAJOR JURISDICTION

IN THE UNITED STATES

THAT HAS NOT BEEN TRAUMATIZED
BY SERIAL KILLERS.

WHEN THE BODIES
OF TWO PROSTITUTES

TURNED UP IN ROCHESTER, NEW YORK

IT DIDN'T CREATE MUCH OF A STIR.

IT WAS A ROUTINE INVESTIGATION
FOR CAPTAIN LYNDE JOHNSTON

AND HIS OFFICERS AND DETECTIVES.

Johnston:
IT STARTED VERY QUIETLY.

THE POLICE WERE CONCERNED

BUT THERE'S A CERTAIN NUMBER
OF HOMICIDES WITH PROSTITUTES

THAT HAPPEN EVERY YEAR

BECAUSE OF THE NATURE
OF THEIR BUSINESS.

IT'S NOT UNUSUAL TO HAVE
TWO OR THREE BODIES

THAT ARE HOMICIDE-RELATED
WITH PROSTITUTES A YEAR.

Reporter:
IT STARTED IN MARCH 1988 WITH THE SHOOTING DEATH...

Johnston:
AND THESE WERE SPREAD OUT.

THEY WERE IN THE CITY,
IN THE COUNTY.

THERE WERE LITTLE...
METHODS WERE DIFFERENT--

ONE WAS ASPHYXIATED,
THE OTHER ONE WAS SHOT--

SO THERE DIDN'T SEEM TO BE
A CLEAR-CUT PATTERN.

Reporter:
IT WAS ANOTHER SIX MONTHS BEFORE THE NEXT VICTIM...

Johnston:
AND THEN THERE CAME A TIME

IN WHICH A SKELETONIZED BODY WAS
FOUND DOWN IN THE RIVER GORGE.

COULDN'T FIND OUT WHO SHE WAS.

IT WAS REAL HARD
TO START AN INVESTIGATION

NOT EVEN KNOWING
WHO THE VICTIM WAS.

ANOTHER ONE SHOWS UP
DOWN AT THE GORGE--

ANOTHER SKELETONIZED BODY--

THEN THERE WAS ANOTHER
PROSTITUTE THAT ENDED UP DEAD

BEHIND THE Y.M.C.A.

THERE SEEMED TO BE
A LITTLE CLUSTER GOING.

Narrator:
PATRICIA IVES WAS YOUNG AND PRETTY

AND THE FOURTH VICTIM FOUND

IN ROCHESTER'S SCENIC
GENESEE RIVER GORGE.

Johnston:
WHEN PATTY IVES WAS FOUND

THE POLICE WERE REALLY CONCERNED
FOR THIS REASON:

YOU HAD FOUR BODIES DOWN THERE

AND WHETHER THEY'RE RELATED
OR NOT AT THAT POINT

THERE WERE SOME SIMILARITIES

AND THERE WAS A CONCERN
THAT IF IT WASN'T A SERIAL

SOMEBODY WAS DOING MORE THAN ONE
OF THESE KILLINGS.

Narrator:
THE INVESTIGATORS SEARCHED FOR LINKS BETWEEN THE CASES

SIFTING THE SCANT EVIDENCE
FOR ANY LEAD.

Johnston:
YOU RUN THROUGH YOUR FILES OF PEOPLE

THAT HAVE BEEN INVOLVED
IN SEX-TYPE MURDERS.

WE'RE LOOKING AT OUR CASES AGAIN

TO MAKE SURE WE DIDN'T
OVERLOOK ANYTHING

LOOKING FOR COMMONALITIES
BETWEEN CASES.

THEN GO OVER EVERYTHING
WITH A FINE-TOOTH COMB.

YOU PICTURE IN YOUR MIND
WHAT THE PERSON COULD LOOK LIKE

BUT YOU REALLY CAN'T.

Narrator:
THE BADLY DECOMPOSED BODIES

OFFERED VIRTUALLY NOTHING
IN THE WAY OF FORENSIC CLUES.

AND THEN A FIFTH BODY
WAS DISCOVERED IN THE GORGE.

Man:
THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS ONE IS THAT SHE WAS REASONABLY FRESH

COMPARED TO THE OTHER ONES
WHICH WERE EITHER DECOMPOSED

OR DEAD FOR QUITE SOME TIME

AND THERE WASN'T ANYTHING THAT
WE COULD HAVE DONE WITH THEM

FOR ANY TYPE OF EVIDENCE.

Narrator:
OFFICER ROBERT GARLAND HAD BEEN THE CRIME-SCENE TECHNICIAN

IN EACH
OF THE PROSTITUTE KILLINGS.

Garland:
WE'D FOUND HER WAY DOWN THE HILL DOWN HERE

AND IT'S SO STEEP HERE WE HAD
TO CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT

AND THEY USED ROPES

TO PUT HER IN A BASKET
TO DRAG HER UP HERE.

WE WERE VERY HOPEFUL

THAT WE WOULD GET SOME
PHYSICAL EVIDENCE OFF THE BODY.

UNFORTUNATELY WE HAD
TOTALLY NEGATIVE RESULTS.

Reporter:
FEAR AND ANXIETY

HAS AREA PROSTITUTES
DRAWING THEIR OWN CONCLUSIONS.

ONE OF THE RUMORS
ON THE STREETS IS

IT'S A JOHN WHO CAUGHT AIDS
AND IS STRIKING BACK.

Woman:
MAYBE A GUY DON'T KNOW WHICH GIRL BURNT HIM

SO HE'S TAKING THEM OUT
ONE BY ONE.

Johnston:
WHEN BODIES STARTED TO COME AT A LITTLE MORE RAPID RATE

WE BROUGHT IN SOME PEOPLE
FROM QUANTICO, VIRGINIA--

THE F.B.I.--
TO LOOK AT THESE CASES FOR US

AT THE BEHAVIOR,
AND TO LOOK AT IT AS OUTSIDERS

THAT COULD SIT BACK
A LITTLE MORE CALMLY

THINK ABOUT IT
A LITTLE MORE RATIONALLY

AND PAINT US A PICTURE,
IF YOU WILL

OF WHO OUR OFFENDER MIGHT BE.

FREEZE, F.B.I.!

PUT YOUR HANDS UP.

Man 1:
NOW, DON'T MOVE.

Man 2:
DON'T MOVE.

OKAY?

Narrator:
THE CASE CAME TO SPECIAL AGENT GREGG McCRARY

IN WHOSE TERRITORY
ROCHESTER FELL.

HIGHLY TRAINED IN TRADITIONAL
INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES

McCRARY HAD ALSO SPENT YEARS
DISCIPLINING HIS MIND AND BODY

THROUGH THE ORIENTAL MARTIAL ART
OF SHORINJI KEMPO.

IT'S A CASE INVOLVING
A SERIES OF HOMICIDES

IN ROCHESTER, NEW YORK,
OVER THE LAST COUPLE OF YEARS.

Narrator:
AT HIS UNIT'S MORNING CONFERENCE

HE REPORTED THE FACTS
TO HIS COLLEAGUES.

WE'VE GOT
A SERIES OF CRIMES...

McCrary:
WE TOLD CAPTAIN JOHNSTON

WE NEEDED A SUMMARY
OF THE INVESTIGATION;

THE CRIME-SCENE PHOTOS,
WE NEEDED VICTIMOLOGY--

AS MUCH ABOUT EACH OF THESE
VICTIMS AS THEY COULD TELL US--

BECAUSE WE HAD TO LOOK
AT THESE CRIMES

FROM THE OFFENDER'S PERSPECTIVE

IN THE ORDER THAT THE OFFENDER
HAD ENCOUNTERED THESE VICTIMS

AND COMMITTED THE CRIMES

AND THAT WOULD GIVE US
THE PATTERN;

THAT WOULD ALLOW US
TO SEE CHANGES, PATTERNS

IN THE ACTIVITY OF THE OFFENDER.

McCrary:
THE NEXT ONE I BELIEVE TO BE

THE FIRST
TO BE RELATED HERE

DEALS WITH A WHITE
FEMALE PROSTITUTE

NAMED DOROTHY BLACKBURN.

MANY OF THE VICTIMS
YOU'RE GOING TO SEE

ARE RIGHT DOWNTOWN
IN THE RIVER GORGE AREA.

THE SIMILARITY HERE, THOUGH

DEALS WITH DUMPING
THE BODY IN WATER.

THAT WE'RE GOING TO SEE
TIME AND AGAIN HERE.

Douglas:
DID HE WEIGHT HER DOWN IN THE WATER?

NO.

THESE ARE NOT THE AREAS
THEY WOULD GO TO--

WHERE WE'RE FINDING
THESE VICTIMS?

NO, NO, IT'S NOT.

OBVIOUSLY
THE OFFENDER'S GOT A CAR.

THEY'RE GETTING IN A CAR.

HAS THERE BEEN A LOT
OF PUBLICITY HERE?

HAS THIS BEEN
CONNECTED IN THE MEDIA?

EVERY DAY.

EVERY DAY.

I THINK THERE DEFINITELY IS
A SERIAL KILLER WORKING HERE.

HE'S A WHITE MALE.

THE VICTIMS ARE
PREDOMINANTLY WHITE.

WE HAVE A CORE GROUP HERE OF
HOMICIDES I FEEL ARE RELATED.

HE'S VERY COMFORTABLE ON
THE STREET WITH HIS VICTIMS.

DOESN'T APPEAR OUT OF PLACE
IN THAT ENVIRONMENT.

( siren blaring )

Narrator:
AS McCRARY FOLLOWED THE UNFOLDING CASE

ROCHESTER POLICE STEPPED UP
THEIR PATROLS AND SURVEILLANCE.

DETECTIVE LEONARD BORRIELLO WAS
ONE OF THE KEY INVESTIGATORS.

Borriello:
DURING THE PERIOD THAT THE GIRLS WERE BEING FOUND DEAD

OUR TACTICAL UNIT

WAS STRATEGICALLY PLACED

AROUND THE ENTIRE AREA
OBSERVING PROSTITUTES--

NOT ARRESTING THEM-- AND
TAKING DOWN THE PLATE NUMBERS

OF VEHICLES THEY WOULD GET INTO.

WE ASKED THE GIRLS
TO CALL US AND REPORT ANY--

ANYTHING OUT OF THE ORDINARY--

ANY KINKY INDIVIDUALS
THEY MIGHT HAPPEN ACROSS

THAT WOULD BE JUST
OUT OF THE ORDINARY.

( siren wailing )

McCrary:
ONE OF THE PROSTITUTES WORKING IN THE AREA

THESE VICTIMS DISAPPEARED
CAME TO THE POLICE

WITH INFORMATION ABOUT A JOHN
WHO WANTED HER TO PLAY DEAD.

HE, AS A MATTER OF FACT,
WAS SUFFERING OR EXPERIENCING

ERECTILE INSUFFICIENCY
PRIOR TO THAT

AND THEN ONLY
WHEN SHE PLAYED DEAD

WAS HE ABLE TO BE SEXUALLY
AROUSED AND GRATIFIED.

WE COULDN'T SAY THAT,
"THAT'S YOUR GUY"

BUT WHAT WE SAID IS,
"THAT'S THE TYPE OF THING.

"THAT'S THE TYPE OF BEHAVIOR

THAT WE EXPECT YOUR OFFENDER
TO SHOW."

HE WAS REAL NERVOUS,
AND THAT MADE ME NERVOUS

AND I CARRY A KNIFE
TO PROTECT MYSELF

AND I DO KNOW HOW TO USE IT

SO I JUST LET HIM KNOW
POINT BLANK THAT I HAD A WEAPON

AND THAT I WAS NERVOUS
THAT THERE WAS A SERIAL KILLER.

THE ONLY TIME HE WAS
REALLY ABUSIVE TO ME

IS WHEN I ASKED HIM
WHY WAS IT TAKING--

I HAD BEEN THERE
LIKE 40 MINUTES.

THAT'S WHEN HE SAID,
"IF YOU JUST PLAY DEAD, BITCH

WE'LL GET THIS OVER
IN A FEW MINUTES."

AND LITTLE THINGS KEPT CLICKING

AND THE HAIRS ON THE BACK
OF MY NECK STARTED STANDING UP

AND I SAID, "THIS IS THE GUY.

I JUST KNOW THIS IS THE GUY."

Reporter:
IT'S BECOMING A FAMILIAR SCENE FOR ROCHESTERIANS--

CITY POLICE, MEDICAL EXAMINER

AND A FEMALE BODY FOUND
HIDDEN IN A REMOTE AREA.

THE BODY, DESCRIBED AS A FAIRLY
HEAVYSET WHITE FEMALE

WAS DISCOVERED BY A MAN
WALKING HIS DOG

AROUND 11:00 THIS MORNING.

POLICE THINK THERE IS A CHANCE
IT MIGHT BE LINKED

TO THE OTHER BODIES
RECENTLY FOUND.

Johnston:
IT WAS THANKSGIVING DAY.

A VERY COLD DAY.

A VERY, VERY COLD DAY.

AND THE MEDICAL EXAMINER COMES,
AND WE PROCESS THE SCENE

AND WE FIND OUT THAT THE BODY
HAD BEEN EVISCERATED

AND CUT FROM THE NECK
TO THE VAGINA AREA

AND WE'RE CONCERNED,
VERY CONCERNED.

EVERYBODY THERE,
THEY'RE LOW, REAL LOW...

THE SPIRITUAL COLD,
THE THANKSGIVING DAY

ANOTHER DAY AWAY FROM THE FAMILY

AND WE DON'T KNOW WHAT
THIS INDIVIDUAL'S UP TO--

HE SEEMS TO BE ESCALATING IN
THE TYPE OF ACTIVITY HE'S DOING.

Narrator:
JUNE STOTT WAS THE TENTH VICTIM FOUND--

THE FIRST WHO WAS
NOT A PROSTITUTE

AND THE FIRST WHOSE BODY

THE KILLER HAD MUTILATED
AFTER DEATH.

McCrary:
WHEN HER BODY WAS FOUND LATE IN NOVEMBER

THAT, I THINK FOR THE POLICE,
FOR THE INVESTIGATORS

WAS A LOW POINT.

THEY JUST REALLY FELT

THEY WERE LOOKING
INTO THE ABYSS AT THIS POINT.

FROM OUR POINT OF VIEW,
AS PARADOXICAL AS IT MAY SOUND

THAT WAS GOOD--
THAT WAS GOOD NEWS FOR US

BECAUSE WE HAD MORE BEHAVIOR
TO WORK WITH;

MORE BEHAVIOR TO ANALYZE.

McCrary:
JUNE STOTT IS ALSO THE FIRST VICTIM

WHERE WE HAVE AN EFFORT
AT POSTMORTEM EVISCERATION.

AND THE QUESTION IS, IS THIS...
IS THIS PART OF THE SAME SET?

IS THIS ANOTHER
OFFENDER WORKING?

IS THIS THE SAME OFFENDER NOW
LIVING OUT HIS FANTASY MORE

AND BECOMING MORE INVOLVED WITH
THESE BODIES AS TIME GOES ON?

Wright:
DO WE HAVE, IN THIS CASE

PRETTY MUCH THE SAME
MODUS OPERANDI

AS FAR AS WE KNOW
AS WITH THE OTHER CASES

THAT YOU THINK ARE CONNECTED?

WE'RE SEEING
A BIG CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR

BUT IS THERE ALSO A LOT
OF CONSISTENT BEHAVIOR?

YEAH, THERE IS.

I THINK THERE'S A LOT
OF CONSISTENT BEHAVIOR.

MY FEELING IS THAT THIS
IS PART OF THE SAME SERIES.

WE'VE GOT AN OFFENDER

THAT'S SPENDING
MORE AND MORE TIME WITH THESE VICTIMS.

AN EVOLUTION
ON HIS PART?

RIGHT, HE'S ACTING OUT
HIS FANTASY NOW.

MAYBE HE'S WANTED
TO DO THIS BEFORE

HE JUST HASN'T HAD THE TIME

OR FELT COMFORTABLE ENOUGH
TO DO IT.

HE'S NOW SPENDING TIME,
THE SAME TYPE OF VICTIM.

I THINK WE'LL SEE
WITH THE VICTIMS AFTER THIS

THAT THIS TYPE OF POSTMORTEM
MUTILATION WILL CONTINUE;

THAT THIS IS PART
OF ACTING OUT HIS FANTASY;

HE'S GOING TO CONTINUE

TO DO THIS SORT OF THING
WITH THE VICTIMS.

Narrator:
McCRARY WENT TO ROCHESTER IN EARLY DECEMBER

AND REPORTED HIS CONCLUSIONS
TO THE INVESTIGATION TEAM.

Man:
DO YOU THINK HE'S STILL GOING TO GO

FOR THE SAME TYPE OF INDIVIDUALS
LIKE PROSTITUTES?

McCrary:
YES, HE'S TARGETING VULNERABLE VICTIMS.

HE'S NOT AN ADEQUATE
ENOUGH INDIVIDUAL

TO GO AFTER A MORE
DIFFICULT TARGET.

McCrary:
OUR INITIAL ANALYSIS

AFTER A COUPLE DAYS
OF GOING THROUGH THE CASES

LED US TO BELIEVE THAT THIS
WOULD BE A LONE WHITE MALE.

THE AGE WOULD BE THIRTYISH.

THE VICTIMS WERE LATE 20s OR SO.

WE FELT THAT HE'D BE JUST
A LITTLE BIT OLDER PERHAPS

THAN THE VICTIMS.

THE CRIME SCENES THEMSELVES

REFLECTED AN INDIVIDUAL
WHO DID NOT PANIC.

THE RAGE WAS CONTROLLED.

THESE WERE METHODICAL,
PREDATORY KIND OF KILLS

THAT GENERALLY INDICATE
A CRIMINALLY EXPERIENCED

MORE MATURE TYPE OF OFFENDER.

WE FELT HE WOULD BE FAMILIAR
WITH THE ROCHESTER AREA;

BE FAMILIAR
WITH THE RIVER GORGE AREA.

COULD BE A FISHERMAN, A HUNTER.

THE DUMP SITES AND THINGS
THAT HE WERE CHOOSING

WOULD BE AREAS HE'D BE
COMFORTABLE AND FAMILIAR WITH.

HE'D BE A FUNCTIONAL INDIVIDUAL,
EMPLOYABLE

BUT THE EMPLOYMENT
WOULD BE MENIAL.

HE'S NOT A PERSON WHO HAS
A LOT OF INTERPERSONAL SKILLS;

DOES NOT INTERACT WITH PEOPLE
IN DEPTH IN ANY WAY.

SUPERFICIALLY HE'D BE FINE,
HE'D BE OKAY TO GET ALONG WITH

AND TO HAVE A BEER
IN THE BAR WITH--

THERE'D BE NO REAL PROBLEM
THAT WAY.

CERTAINLY HE WAS DRIVING.

HE HAD ACCESS TO A CAR

AND THE CAR WOULD
REFLECT THE PERSONALITY.

THIS WOULD BE A FUNCTIONAL
KIND OF A VEHICLE;

NO NEW CAR OR SPORTS CAR.

THAT'S HOW HE WOULD DRESS.

THAT WOULD BE HIS DEMEANOR,
HIS CLOTHING--

A FUNCTIONAL KIND OF GUY.

WE TALKED WITH ROCHESTER POLICE.

THEY WERE STOPPING PEOPLE
THEY THOUGHT LOOKED SUSPICIOUS;

STOPPING TRANSVESTITES.

THEY STOPPED A GUY DRIVING
A VAN DRESSED UP AS A WOMAN

SO WE SAID,
"THAT'S NOT YOUR GUY."

THIS OFFENDER MAY APPEAR
ALMOST TRANSPARENT

TO THE OFFICERS ON THE STREET.

THEY'RE LOOKING
RIGHT THROUGH HIM.

THERE'S PANIC
AMONG THE PROSTITUTES

YET HE STILL HAS NO TROUBLE
OBTAINING VICTIMS.

THEY GET IN THE CAR WITH HIM.

WHY DO THEY?

BECAUSE THEY DON'T THINK
HE LOOKS LIKE THE GUY.

THEY DON'T THINK HE'S THE GUY.

Man:
GREGG, WHAT YOU'RE TELLING US IS

THIS GUY PROBABLY WILL
KILL AGAIN.

McCrary:
YES, HE WILL KILL AGAIN.

HE'S BEEN SUCCESSFUL AT GETTING
THE VICTIMS TO LEAVE WITH HIM

AND HE'LL CONTINUE AS LONG AS
HE FEELS COMFORTABLE DOING THAT.

Reporter:
THE BODY WAS DISCOVERED...

Narrator:
McCRARY'S PREDICTION PROVED CORRECT.

THE PATTERN OF KILLING CONTINUED
WITH ELIZABETH GIBSON--

ANOTHER PROSTITUTE.

BECAUSE PROSTITUTES LIVE

A DANGEROUS
AND VULNERABLE LIFESTYLE

THEY'RE AMONG THE MOST COMMON
VICTIMS OF SERIAL MURDERERS.

IT IS TEMPTING FOR MANY OF US

TO FEEL SECURE
IN OUR DISTANCE AND DETACHMENT.

THE MAN WHO IS GOING TO BECOME
A SERIAL KILLER

BEFORE THAT FIRST SEXUAL MURDER

ALREADY HAS A FANTASY SCENE
IN HIS MIND.

IT HAS ITS ORIGINS IN THINGS
THAT REALLY HAPPENED TO HIM

THINGS HE IMAGINED
HAPPENED TO HIM.

Narrator:
DR. PARK DIETZ, A FORENSIC PSYCHIATRIST

HAS SPENT HIS CAREER
STUDYING THESE MEN

TRYING TO LEARN WHAT DRIVES THEM
TO THEIR HEINOUS ACTS.

THEY OFTEN MAKE MISTAKES
IN THE EARLY OFFENSES

THAT THEY LEARN FROM

AND TRY TO ENSURE THEY
DON'T MAKE IN LATER OFFENSES.

THEY OFTEN CHOOSE
MORE VULNERABLE VICTIMS

FOR THE EARLY OFFENSES

SUCH AS YOUNGER PEOPLE OR
PEOPLE WHO ARE PHYSICALLY FRAIL

WHEREAS LATER
THEY BECOME EMBOLDENED

AND TAKE ON
MORE POWERFUL PEOPLE.

THERE ARE SOME PATTERNS

ABOUT HOW THEIR CRIMES
PROGRESS OVER TIME.

WHAT IS ALWAYS THE CASE
FOR SEXUAL SERIAL KILLERS

IS THAT THE FANTASY EXISTS
BEFORE THE ACTION.

A STRIKING NUMBER
WILL HAVE TORTURED ANIMALS

IN SOME EXTRAORDINARY WAY

OR WILL HAVE BEEN VERY CRUEL
TO CHILDREN--

TYING THE NEIGHBOR TO A TREE
AND TORMENTING THE CHILD

AND INFLICTING VARIOUS HARM
ON THE CHILD.

SOMETHING THAT SETS THEM APART
FROM OTHER CHILDREN

WHICH IS AN EXPRESSION
OF THEIR EARLY AGGRESSION

AND WHICH SHOWS
THAT THEY'RE ALREADY

THINKING IN ADULT-LIKE WAYS
ABOUT DOING TERRIBLE THINGS.

Narrator:
DR. DOROTHY LEWIS--

A PSYCHIATRIST
AT BELLEVUE HOSPITAL

HAS AUTHORED MANY STUDIES

ON THE LINKS BETWEEN CHILDHOOD
VIOLENCE AND ADULT CRIME.

WHAT MOST OF THE
EXTRAORDINARILY VIOLENT

CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, ADULTS
HAVE IN COMMON

SEEMS TO BE A VULNERABILITY
TO IMPULSIVITY

TO PARANOID MISPERCEPTIONS, TO
DISTORTING WHAT IS AROUND THEM

BUT ALSO A HISTORY OF HAVING
BEEN SEVERELY PHYSICALLY ABUSED

SEVERELY... OFTEN SEVERELY
SEXUALLY ABUSED

OFTEN RAISED IN
AN EXTREMELY VIOLENT HOUSEHOLD.

AND AGAIN FROM
A PSYCHODYNAMIC POINT OF VIEW

YOU CREATE
A VERY, VERY ANGRY CHILD

AND YET VERY FEW OF THE KIDS

EVER ATTACK THE PERSON
WHO HAS ABUSED THEM.

IN FACT, MANY OF THEM
DON'T REMEMBER IT

PUT IT OUT OF THEIR HEADS

BUT THEY DISPLACE A LOT
OF THIS RAGE ONTO OTHER PEOPLE

IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT

SO THAT THE
NEUROPSYCHIATRIC PROBLEMS ALONE

DON'T MAKE YOU VIOLENT.

PROBABLY THE ENVIRONMENTAL
FACTORS, IN AND OF THEMSELVES

DON'T MAKE YOU
A VERY VIOLENT PERSON.

WHEN YOU PUT THEM TOGETHER

YOU CREATE
A VERY DANGEROUS CHARACTER.

Narrator:
RESEARCH HAS SHOWN THERE IS NO PSYCHOLOGICAL FORMULA

FOR CREATING A SERIAL KILLER.

TED BUNDY GREW UP HANDSOME
AND WELL EDUCATED

CHARMING TO THOSE AROUND HIM,
AND KILLED AT LEAST 23 WOMEN

FROM WASHINGTON STATE
TO FLORIDA.

OTHERS COME FROM
DIFFERENT BACKGROUNDS.

Douglas:
DAVID BERKOWITZ IS KNOWN AS THE SON OF SAM IN NEW YORK CITY.

HE WAS THE PRODUCT
OF AN ADOPTED FAMILY.

HE NEVER KNEW ABOUT THIS.

HE WOULD LATER LEARN ABOUT THIS
AFTER HE GOT OUT OF THE MILITARY

AND BY THE WAY, HE HAD NO SEXUAL
RELATIONSHIPS WITH ANY FEMALES

THROUGHOUT HIS LIFE
UNTIL HE WENT TO KOREA

AND LO AND BEHOLD,
HE CONTRACTS V.D.

SO IT ADDS FURTHER HOSTILITY
TO WOMEN.

HE GOES BACK TO NEW YORK
TO LOOK FOR HIS MOTHER.

HE FINDS HIS MOTHER
AND HIS SISTER

IN LONG BEACH, LONG ISLAND,
AND MUCH TO HIS SURPRISE

THEY DON'T WANT
A THING TO DO WITH HIM.

AT THAT POINT,
HE BLOSSOMS AS A SERIAL KILLER.

SO HE PROCURES
A 44-CALIBER WEAPON--

A VERY STRONG, POWERFUL WEAPON.

HE GOES TO AREAS WHERE
HIS POTENTIAL VICTIMS

ARE PARKED IN LOVER'S LANES.

WHAT'S VERY, VERY INTERESTING IS

RATHER THAN GO
TO THE DRIVER'S SIDE

WHICH IS THE THREAT,
IT'S THE MALE PART

HE SHIFTS AROUND THE CAR
AND GOES TO THE PASSENGER SIDE

WHICH IS TELLING YOU

AS HE'S FIRING INTO THAT VEHICLE
IN A POLICE TYPE OF STANCE

THAT HIS HATRED IS DIRECTED
AT THE WOMAN.

THE MALE IS SIMPLY IN THE
WRONG PLACE AT THE WRONG TIME.

WHAT HE TOLD US,
WHICH WAS VERY INTERESTING

IS THAT HE'S ON THE HUNT NIGHTLY
LIKE SO MANY OF THESE GUYS.

WHEN THEY CANNOT FIND
THE VICTIM OF OPPORTUNITY

WHO'S GOING TO BE IN THE
WRONG PLACE AT THE WRONG TIME

THEY GO BACK TO THE AREAS

WHERE THEY'VE BEEN SUCCESSFUL
IN THE PAST.

THEY GO BACK TO
THE CRIME SCENE AREAS.

THEY GO BACK TO
THE DISPOSAL AREAS

AND THEY SYMBOLICALLY
ROLL IN THE DIRT

AND RELIVE THAT FANTASY
OVER AND OVER AGAIN.

Reporter:
THE GRUESOME DISCOVERY WAS MADE THIS MORNING ON MEG STREET.

A MAN PULLED OUT HIS TRAILER
TO GO ON A HUNTING TRIP

AND FOUND THE BODY.

POLICE SAY IT WAS COVERED UP
BY LEAVES.

Narrator:
NOT ONLY DID JOHNSTON HAVE 11 HOMICIDES TO CONTEND WITH

MORE PROSTITUTES WERE MISSING.

Reporter:
THERE ARE THREE MISSING WHITE WOMEN FROM ROCHESTER.

Narrator:
BASED ON THE PROFILE EMERGING FROM THE EVIDENCE

McCRARY OFFERED ROCHESTER POLICE
A STRATEGY TO CATCH THE KILLER.

McCrary:
WE HAD MISSING PROSTITUTES

WHO WE FELT WERE POTENTIAL
VICTIMS OF THE OFFENDER.

WE KNOW THAT JUNE STOTT
HAD BEEN SUBJECTED

TO A POSTMORTEM MUTILATION.

WE KNOW IT'S NOT UNCOMMON
FOR THIS TYPE OF OFFENDER

TO HAVE SEX WITH SOME OF
THEIR VICTIMS ONCE THEY'RE DEAD.

WE FELT THAT THAT
MAY BE OCCURRING.

SO WE FELT THAT HE WAS BEING
DRAWN BACK TO THESE SITES.

IF THE POLICE COULD LOCATE
ONE OF THESE DUMP SITES

AND NOT TELL, AND THEN SURVEIL
THAT FOR A PERIOD OF TIME

AFTER THEY FOUND IT

THEY MAY WELL FIND THIS OFFENDER
RETURNING TO THAT SITE.

Narrator:
WITH THREE MISSING WOMEN PRESUMABLY DEAD

THE PROFILE INDICATED
THE KILLER WOULD BE DRAWN

BACK TO THE BODIES.

SO McCRARY'S STRATEGY LAY
IN FINDING AT LEAST ONE

AND THEN WAITING AND WATCHING.

Man:
WE'D BEEN SEARCHING IN WESTERN MONROE COUNTY FOR SEVERAL DAYS

CONCENTRATING ALONG WATER,
DITCHES AND ALONG ROADWAYS

WHERE SOME OF THE BODIES
HAD BEEN FOUND.

THE PILOTS HAD BEEN UP
SEVERAL TIMES

AND WERE STARTING
TO BE CONVINCED

THAT THE BODY WAS NOT IN THE
AREA THAT WE WERE SEARCHING.

THERE CAME A TIME
DURING THE SEARCH

THAT WE MADE A DECISION
TO FLY FROM NORTHAMPTON PARK

BACK TOWARDS THE CITY
OF ROCHESTER ALONG ROUTE 31.

WHILE FLYING ALONG ROUTE 31,
WE FINALLY SAW A BODY.

Narrator:
THE BODY WAS THAT OF JUNE CICERO

KNOWN AS THE MOST STREETWISE
PROSTITUTE IN THE AREA.

IF SHE COULD FALL VICTIM
TO THE KILLER, NO ONE WAS SAFE.

McCrary:
I WAS BACK AT QUANTICO WHEN I GOT A CALL

THAT A STATE HELICOPTER
HAD FLOWN OVER

AND FOUND A BODY
IN THE SALMON CREEK AREA

WHICH WAS THE SAME CREEK
THAT ONE OF THE FIRST VICTIMS--

DOROTHY BLACKBURN--
HAD BEEN DUMPED IN

AND THAT THERE WAS AN INDIVIDUAL
PARKED THERE ON THE ROADSIDE

RIGHT ABOVE,
ADJACENT TO THE BODY.

AS SOON AS
THE HELICOPTER APPEARED

THEY COULD SEE UNDERNEATH THEM
ABOUT 15 FEET DOWN

WAS A BODY,
AND A CAR WAS RIGHT ON TOP.

THE MAN SWUNG HIS LEGS
INTO THE CAR.

HE WAS ON THE PASSENGER SIDE.

THIS INDIVIDUAL FLED

WHEN THEY SAW THE NEW YORK STATE
POLICE HELICOPTER.

THEY HAD THEIR
PATROL UNITS CONVERGE

ON THE AREA THAT HE WENT IN,
LOCATED HIM, IDENTIFIED HIM.

IT WAS CONTAINED EXCITEMENT
ON MY PART.

YOU'RE ALWAYS HOPEFUL THAT IT'S
WORKED, THAT YOU'VE GOT THE GUY

BUT YOU'RE NOT SURE.

WE FOUND OUT THAT THE INDIVIDUAL
ON TOP OF THE BRIDGE

WAS A PERSON KNOWN TO US NOW
AS ARTHUR SHAWCROSS.

Narrator:
McCRARY'S TACTIC HAD PAID OFF.

THE KILLER HAD RETURNED

TO SEXUALLY MUTILATE
ANOTHER OF HIS VICTIMS.

POLICE FOLLOWED ARTHUR SHAWCROSS
TO NEARBY SPENCERPORT.

THEY STOPPED HIM
AT THE NURSING HOME

WHERE HIS GIRLFRIEND
CLARA NEAL WORKED.

HE WAS TAKEN
TO STATE POLICE BARRACKS

WHERE HE WAS INTERVIEWED
BY INSPECTOR DENNIS BLYTHE.

HE WAS VERY CALM
WHEN I TALKED WITH HIM.

OUR... I ASKED HIM,
"DO YOU NOW WHY...

DO YOU KNOW WHY WE STOPPED YOU,
AND WHY WE WANT TO TALK TO YOU?"

"WELL, I ASSUME IT'S BECAUSE I
DON'T HAVE A DRIVER'S LICENSE."

AND HE WAS VERY COOL
AND VERY CALM.

SO I ASKED HIM, "I'D LIKE...
YOU'VE BEEN VERY COOPERATIVE.

GEEZ, I'D REALLY LIKE
TO TAKE YOUR PICTURE."

"WHY DO YOU WANT TO DO THAT?"

"WELL, I JUST KNOW
YOU WANT TO COOPERATE."

"OH, OKAY, FINE."

AND SO AT THAT POINT I HAD
HIM STAND UP AGAINST THE WALL

AND I ASKED HIM, "SMILE,"
AND HE LET ME TAKE HIS PICTURE.

WE THEN TOOK THIS PICTURE

AND PUT IT IN WITH
FIVE OTHER PHOTOGRAPHS.

THEY SHOWED ME LIKE SIX PICTURES
IN A LITTLE COMPOSITE THING

AND THEY TOLD ME,
"TAKE YOUR TIME"

AND I SAID, "I DON'T HAVE TO
TAKE MY TIME, THIS IS THE GUY."

IT WAS HIM, YOU KNOW,
IT WAS HIM.

Narrator:
SHE NOT ONLY IDENTIFIED SHAWCROSS

AS THE MAN WHO HAD PICKED HER UP

BUT ALSO AS THE ONE ELIZABETH
GIBSON HAD BEEN RIDING WITH

THE NIGHT SHE WAS MURDERED.

McCrary:
WE FELT THAT THIS TYPE OF OFFENDER

WOULD NEED TO BE CONFRONTED
WITH EVIDENCE

THAT HE WOULD NOT CONFESS
UNLESS HE FELT STRONGLY

THAT THERE WAS EVIDENCE
LINKING HIM TO THE CRIME

THAT THIS WAS A MATURE,
EXPERIENCED OFFENDER.

HE WOULD NEED TO BE CONVINCED
THAT WE KNEW WHAT HE HAD DONE

AND WERE ABLE TO PROVE IT.

WE HAD A LOT OF AMMUNITION
TO QUESTION HIM ABOUT

REGARDING THE FIRST CASE,
WHICH WAS ELIZABETH GIBSON

WHICH WAS SUPPLIED
BY MISS VAN NOSTRAND.

IT WAS 28 MINUTES BEFORE
WE GOT THE FIRST CONFESSION.

IT WAS PROBABLY THE LONGEST 28
MINUTES I'VE EVER GONE THROUGH.

WE WERE BOTH VERY NERVOUS.

WE KNEW WE HAD THE KILLER,
BUT WE WANTED A CONFESSION SO BADLY.

YOU HAVE TO KNOW WHEN THAT
MOMENT IS THEY'RE AT THE TOP

AND THEY'RE READY TO GO OVER

AND WHAT BROUGHT HIM
OVER THE TOP WAS

WE STARTING TALKING TO HIM
ABOUT HIS GIRLFRIEND CLARA.

AND I TOLD HIM...

AND THE WHOLE TIME I'M
PATTING HIM ON THE LEG.

I SAYS, "I WOULD
HATE TO THINK

THAT CLARA'S
INVOLVED IN THIS."

AND HE PUT
HIS HEAD DOWN;

"NO, CLARA'S NOT
INVOLVED IN THIS;"

AND AT THAT POINT
YOU KNOW YOU'VE GOT HIM.

YEAH.

HE PROBABLY LOVED
CLARA ENOUGH

NOT TO GET
HER IN TROUBLE

FOR SOMETHING
HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR

BECAUSE HE KNEW HE DID THEM

AND HE THOUGHT WE COULD PROVE

THAT CLARA'S CAR WAS
AT THE SCENE OF THE CRIME.

HE WASN'T GOING TO
LEAVE HER ON A LIMB.

HE ALSO GAVE HIMSELF
A REASON AND A DEFENSE

FOR KILLING ELIZABETH GIBSON

BY STATING SHE STARTED
SCRATCHING HIS EYES.

HE ALSO STATED

THAT HE PUT HIS
FOREARM UNDER HER CHIN

IN THE THROAT AREA

AND MAY HAVE PRESSED DOWN
TOO HARD

BECAUSE OF HIS EYES,
ACCIDENTALLY.

HE SAID HE TRIED TO GIVE HER
MOUTH-TO-MOUTH RESUSCITATION

AND CRYING BECAUSE HE FELT
SO BADLY THAT SHE HAD DIED

WHICH I DOUBT
VERY, VERY MUCH.

NO.

AS HE PUT IT, WHY DID
HE KILL THESE GIRLS?

"TAKING CARE OF BUSINESS."

THAT'S WHAT HE SAID,
"TAKING CARE OF BUSINESS."

NO REMORSE WHATSOEVER.

NO.

VERY CALM, VERY EASYGOING,
A FRIENDLY SOMEBODY.

AND HE NEVER SAID NOTHING
OUT OF THE WAY TO ANYBODY

TO GET YOU NERVOUS
OR UPSET OR NOTHING.

SOURCES TELL EYEWITNESS NEWS

THAT SHAWCROSS WORKED HERE
AT G & G FOOD SERVICE.

HIS BOSS SAID HE WAS QUIET
AND A GOOD WORKER.

HE WASN'T AWARE
SHAWCROSS HAD A PRISON RECORD.

ARTHUR SHAWCROSS'S TROUBLES
WITH THE LAW BEGAN IN 1969.

HE WAS CONVICTED OF BURGLARY
AND ARSON IN WATERTOWN

NORTH OF SYRACUSE.

A YEAR LATER
HE WAS ARRESTED AGAIN

AND ADMITTED KILLING A YOUNG
BOY AND GIRL IN HIS HOMETOWN.

BOTH WERE STRANGLED, AND THE
GIRL WAS SEXUALLY MOLESTED.

SHAWCROSS SERVED
15 OF A 25-YEAR SENTENCE.

HE WON AN EARLY PAROLE

AFTER THE PAROLE BOARD
DENIED HIS FREEDOM EIGHT TIMES.

SHAWCROSS ENDED UP IN BINGHAMTON
FOR TWO MONTHS.

AN ANGRY COMMUNITY
CAMPAIGNED AGAINST HIM

AND SHAWCROSS WAS RELOCATED
TO ROCHESTER.

A YEAR AFTER HIS ARRIVAL,
THE KILLING BEGAN AGAIN.

Narrator:
AS SOON AS THE SUSPECT WAS IN CUSTODY

THE F.B.I. BEGAN ASSESSING
ITS PROFILE.

ARTHUR SHAWCROSS WAS
A CALM, NONDESCRIPT PERSON

EASY TO OVERLOOK, WHO DID
LIVE AND WORK IN THE CITY

IN A REGULAR BUT MENIAL JOB.

HE WAS AN AVID HUNTER
AND FISHERMAN

WHO WAS FRIENDLY AND PERSONABLE
ON A SUPERFICIAL LEVEL.

HE LIKED TO DRIVE
FOR LONG PERIODS

IN AN ORDINARY, FUNCTIONAL CAR.

HE DID RETURN TO SPEND TIME
WITH THE BODIES OF HIS VICTIMS

AND TO MUTILATE THE LATER ONES

TO FULFILL HIS OWN
INNER DESIRES.

BUT THE PROFILE WAS WRONG
ON ONE IMPORTANT COUNT.

THE AREA WHERE WE WERE
MOST ERRANT HERE IN THIS THING

WAS WITH THE AGE
OF THE OFFENDER.

WE FELT HE WAS LATE 20s,
EARLY 30s.

WHAT HAPPENED WAS...
HE WAS, OF COURSE, 45--

THE DIFFERENCE BEING
THAT HE HAD BEEN IN PRISON

FOR THAT 15-YEAR PERIOD.

AND THAT REALLY IS SIMPLY
LIKE PUTTING HIM ON HOLD

FOR A 15-YEAR PERIOD.

SO WHEN HE WAS RELEASED
15 YEARS LATER

HE REALLY PICKED UP
JUST WHERE HE LEFT OFF.

Borriello:
HE TOLD US ALTOGETHER 11 WOMEN THAT HE HAD KILLED.

THERE MAY POSSIBLY BE MORE.

WE'LL PROBABLY NEVER KNOW THAT.

HE ALSO TOLD US THAT HE WOULD
BRING US OUT, WHICH HE DID

AND SHOW US PHYSICALLY
WHERE HE HAD DUMPED TWO BODIES

THAT HADN'T BEEN LOCATED YET.

AND WE ASKED HIM, "TAKE US
THE WAY YOU TOOK THEM"

AND HE TOOK US
STREET BY STREET

AND HE REMEMBERED EVERY
DETAIL OF THE STREETS.

WE GOT
THE FLASHLIGHT

AND WE'RE
GOING LIKE THIS TRYING TO FIND...

WE CAN'T FIND HER

SO WE GO BACK,
"COME ON, WHERE IS SHE?"

"SHE'S RIGHT THERE."

"COME ON, SHOW US."

"WHERE IS SHE, ART?"

AND HE TAKES A FLASHLIGHT...
RIGHT AT OUR FEET

AND THERE SHE IS... FACE UP

ABOUT SIX INCHES
UNDER THE WATER;

AND IT NEVER BOTHERED HIM.

Narrator:
DARLENE TRIPPI WOULD BE THE LAST VICTIM OF ARTHUR SHAWCROSS.

THE NEXT DAY HE WAS ARRAIGNED
IN ROCHESTER CITY COURT

AND CHARGED WITH MURDER.

THE PROSECUTOR WAS

FIRST ASSISTANT DISTRICT
ATTORNEY CHARLES SIRAGUSA.

SHAWCROSS DID NOT DENY
THE MURDERS

BUT CLAIMED HE WAS
INSANE AT THE TIME

AND THEREFORE NOT RESPONSIBLE
FOR HIS ACTIONS.

AFTER ALL, WHAT ELSE
COULD COMPEL A PERSON

TO COMMIT SUCH HORRIBLE ACTS?

IF NOT INSANITY, THEN WHAT?

IN NEW YORK STATE,
IN ORDER FOR A DEFENDANT

TO PROVE TO A JURY
THAT THEY'RE INSANE--

THE BURDEN OF PROOF
IS ON THE DEFENDANT--

HE'S GOT TO PROVE
ONE OF TWO THINGS;

EITHER THAT AT THE TIME
HE COMMITTED THE HOMICIDE

OR HOMICIDES

HE DIDN'T KNOW THE NATURE
OR CONSEQUENCES OF HIS ACTIONS

OR HE HAS TO PROVE

THAT HE DIDN'T KNOW
WHAT HE WAS DOING WAS WRONG.

IF A DEFENDANT CAN PROVE
EITHER OF THOSE TWO THINGS

THEN THE JURY WOULD BE BOUND
TO FIND HIM INSANE.

FOR IN RETROSPECT, IT SIGNALED
THE BEGINNING OF A NIGHTMARE

THAT HAUNTED THIS COMMUNITY
FOR 21 MONTHS.

THE MOST DAMNING EVIDENCE
WILL COME

FROM THE DEFENDANT'S OWN MOUTH.

Narrator:
RATHER THAN A MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS, INSANITY IS A LEGAL CONCEPT

UPON WHICH PSYCHIATRISTS
ARE ASKED TO GIVE OPINIONS.

THE DEFENSE CHOSE DR. DOROTHY
LEWIS TO PRESENT ITS CLAIM.

IT ISN'T A POWERFUL CUE

IN THAT IT DOESN'T TELL
A PERSON WHAT TO SAY...

Siragusa:
WHAT DR. LEWIS TRIED TO CONVEY TO THE JURY

BASED ON HER OPINION

WAS THE FACT
THAT ARTHUR SHAWCROSS

BECAUSE OF WHAT
SHE REFERRED TO

AS POSTTRAUMATIC
STRESS SYNDROME

AND EXTREME EPISODES
OF DISSOCIATION

AND BECAUSE OF ORGANIC DAMAGE

THAT SHE DIAGNOSED
AS COMPLEX PARTIAL SEIZURES

WAS NOT RESPONSIBLE WHEN
HE KILLED ANY OF THE TEN WOMEN.

TOWARD THAT END, SHE ATTEMPTED
TO CONVINCE THE JURY

THROUGH THE USE OF VIDEOTAPES

IN WHICH SHE SUPPOSEDLY
HYPNOTIZED SHAWCROSS

THAT HE HAD UNDERGONE
IN HIS YOUTH

SEVERE SEXUAL AND PHYSICAL ABUSE
AT THE HANDS OF HIS MOTHER.

Oh!

( groaning )

I can't walk.

Lewis:
Why can't you walk, Arty?

I can't get up.

Why can't you
get up, Arty?

Why?

Shawcross:
My back hurts.

Lewis:
HE WAS IN A PECULIAR STATE

AT THE TIME THAT HE
COMMITTED HIS ACTS.

SO THAT I THINK THERE'S
A GOOD QUESTION

REGARDING WHETHER HE REALLY KNEW
WHAT HE WAS DOING

AT THE TIME THAT
HE WAS DOING IT.

I KNEW FROM MATERIALS
THAT HIS ATTORNEYS HAD SENT ME

THAT HE HAD A CYST

IN THE ANTERIOR PART
OF HIS TEMPORAL LOBE.

THAT KIND OF DAMAGE COULD
CERTAINLY PRODUCE EPISODES

OF INTENSE FEELING, AND POSSIBLY
EPISODES OF EXTREME VIOLENCE

FOR WHICH MEMORY WOULD BE
CLOUDED OR IMPAIRED OR ABSENT.

Narrator:
THE PROSECUTION CALLED ON DR. PARK DIETZ

WHO ALSO EXAMINED SHAWCROSS.

Shawcross:
Do you fail to realize what I said earlier?

I said I used
a jackknife on one.

I remember that.

And a saw on the other.

There was
only two of them.

There wasn't any other
time you used a hacksaw?

( clears throat )

Why are you trying
to get me mad?

Dietz:
NONE OF THE SERIAL KILLERS

THAT I'VE HAD OCCASION
TO STUDY OR EXAMINE

HAVE BEEN LEGALLY INSANE,
BUT NONE HAS BEEN NORMAL EITHER.

THEY'VE ALL BEEN PEOPLE
WHO HAVE GOT MENTAL DISORDERS

BUT DESPITE THEIR MENTAL
DISORDERS, WHICH HAVE TO DO

WITH THEIR SEXUAL INTERESTS
AND THEIR CHARACTER

THEY'VE BEEN PEOPLE WHO KNEW
WHAT THEY WERE DOING

KNEW WHAT THEY WERE DOING
WAS WRONG

BUT CHOSE TO DO IT ANYWAY

BECAUSE THIS FOR THEM WAS
THE ULTIMATE SEXUAL EXPERIENCE.

THE FACT THAT SHAWCROSS
MADE SURE THAT NO ONE WAS AROUND

WHEN HE KILLED HIS VICTIMS

IS INDICATIVE THAT HE KNEW
WHAT HE WAS DOING.

THE FACT THAT DURING THIS TIME
WHEN THE KILLINGS WERE GOING ON

HE COULD HOLD DOWN A JOB

WITHOUT ANY APPARENT
MALFUNCTIONING AT HIS WORK

HE WAS ABLE TO CARRY ON
A RELATIONSHIP

WITH HIS WIFE AND CLARA NEAL

I THINK ARE ALL FACTORS, APART
FROM THE PSYCHIATRIC EVIDENCE

THAT SPEAK TO AN INDIVIDUAL WHO
KNEW EXACTLY WHAT HE WAS DOING.

...COLD, CALCULATING
AND REMORSELESS

FOR WHOM KILLING WAS NOT
AN EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE

BUT, IN THE DEFENDANT'S
OWN WORDS

"BUSINESS AS USUAL."

Narrator:
THE TRIAL LASTED MORE THAN FIVE WEEKS.

THE JURY DELIBERATED
LESS THAN ONE DAY.

THE VERDICT: GUILTY OF MURDER
IN THE SECOND DEGREE

ON ALL CHARGES.

THE SENTENCE: 250 YEARS TO LIFE
IN THE STATE PENITENTIARY.

THE CONVICTION
OF ARTHUR SHAWCROSS

RAISES A FINAL QUESTION
ABOUT SUCH VICIOUS KILLERS:

WHAT TO DO WITH THEM.

AFTER ALL, SHAWCROSS,
LIKE MANY OTHER SERIAL KILLERS

HAD ALREADY MURDERED
TWO CHILDREN.

Wright:
WE'VE SEEN MANY CASES

WHERE THESE PEOPLE
HAVE BEEN PUT INTO PRISON.

THEY'VE BEEN "REHABILITATED,"
PUT BACK OUT INTO SOCIETY

MANY YEARS LATER, AND THEY
CONTINUE DOING THE SAME THING.

WE TRULY BELIEVE
THAT REHABILITATION IS

IF NOT IMPOSSIBLE,
IT'S EXTREMELY DIFFICULT

AND WE REALLY BELIEVE
THAT SOCIETY

HAS TO BE PROTECTED
FROM THESE PEOPLE.

I THINK THAT IT DOES
VERY BAD THINGS FOR OUR SOCIETY

IF WE BECOME A MINDLESS
KIND OF GROUP OF PEOPLE

WHO DOESN'T CARE WHY
SOMEONE DID WHAT HE DID

AND THINKS ONLY IN TERMS
OF PUNISHING THE INDIVIDUAL

OR OF DOING AWAY WITH HIM.

I THINK THAT IF WE'RE
GOING TO BE A HUMANE SOCIETY

WE HAVE TO PROTECT OURSELVES,
BUT WE ALSO HAVE TO UNDERSTAND

WHAT MADE THESE PEOPLE
THE WAY THEY ARE

AND THEN I WOULD SAY
WORK VERY HARD

TO PREVENT CREATING
MORE PEOPLE LIKE THAT.

WHAT I HAVE TO FEEL,
AND WHAT MY PEOPLE HAVE TO FEEL

WE HAVE TO PUT OURSELVES
IN THE SHOES OF THE VICTIMS

SO WHAT I FLASH BACK TO

IS A VICTIM
WHO'S BEGGING FOR THE LIFE.

I HAVE TAPES OF VICTIMS
WHO ARE BEING MURDERED

WHO ARE REGRESSING
IN THEIR BEHAVIOR

CALLING OUT
FOR THEIR MOMMIES AND DADDIES

AND BEGGING, "PLEASE, GOD,
PLEASE DON'T KILL ME"

BUT THEY KILL THEM.

WHEN I SEE THE DAY OF EXECUTION

AND THE LITTLE VIGILS
OUTSIDE OF THE PENITENTIARY

I MAY FOR A SECOND FEEL SORRY

BUT THEN I WANT TO PULL OUT
THE FILE JACKET OF THESE GUYS.

I WANT TO LOOK AT THOSE
CRIME SCENE PHOTOGRAPHS.

I WANT TO LOOK AT
THAT AUTOPSY PROTOCOL

AND THOSE AUTOPSY PHOTOGRAPHS.

I WANT TO SEE THE INTERVIEWS
OF THE VICTIMS AND THE FAMILIES

PUT MYSELF BACK
INTO THAT VICTIM.

SO I HAVE NO SYMPATHY AT ALL
FOR THESE PEOPLE.

Wright:
THE CASES THAT COME TO US

ARE CERTAINLY
THE WORST OF THE WORST.

WE SEE WHAT SOME HUMAN BEINGS
HAVE THE CAPABILITY OF DOING

TO THEIR FELLOW HUMAN BEINGS

AND IT ALMOST DEFIES
DESCRIPTION.

IT'S NOT PLEASANT WORK.

IT'S NOT PLEASANT MATERIAL

THAT WE DEAL WITH
ON A DAILY BASIS

BUT IT IS SOMETHING THAT I THINK

WE ALL GET
SOME SATISFACTION OUT OF

AND WE HAVE TO TAKE
THAT PERSONAL SATISFACTION

FOR EVERYTHING
WE CAN GET FROM IT.

Narrator:
LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS MUST GRAPPLE

WITH THE NEW REALITIES
OF THEIR WORK.

BRUTAL, SENSELESS ACTS

COMMITTED AGAINST
SEEMINGLY RANDOM STRANGERS

HAVE COME TO CHARACTERIZE
A PARTICULAR EVIL OF OUR AGE.

SERIAL KILLERS ARE BY DEFINITION
SUCCESSFUL KILLERS

WHO LEARN FROM
THEIR OWN EXPERIENCES

AS THEY GO ON TO INCREASINGLY
MORE GRUESOME CRIMES.

IT CAN ONLY BE HOPED

THAT THE MEN AND WOMEN
WHO STUDY AND HUNT THEM DOWN

ARE LEARNING EVEN FASTER.