How It's Made (2001–…): Season 3, Episode 8 - Fresh Cut Flowers/Adhesive Tape/Tofu/Lottery Tickets - full transcript

Find out how fresh cut flowers are prepared, how adhesive tape is manufactured, how tofu is made, and how lottery tickets come to be.


CAPTIONS PAID FOR BY
DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC

>> Narrator: TODAY ON
"HOW IT'S MADE"...
FRESH CUT FLOWERS...

"HOW IT'S MADE"...
FRESH CUT FLOWERS...
ADHESIVE TAPE...

FRESH CUT FLOWERS...
ADHESIVE TAPE...
TOFU...

ADHESIVE TAPE...
TOFU...
AND LOTTERY TICKETS.

TO WISH CONDOLENCES,
CONGRATULATIONS, OR FOR ROMANCE,
THERE'S NO SHORTAGE OF

CONGRATULATIONS, OR FOR ROMANCE,
THERE'S NO SHORTAGE OF
OCCASIONS FOR SENDING FLOWERS.

THERE'S NO SHORTAGE OF
OCCASIONS FOR SENDING FLOWERS.
WHETHER MADE UP IN A SPLENDID

OCCASIONS FOR SENDING FLOWERS.
WHETHER MADE UP IN A SPLENDID
ARRANGEMENT OR SIMPLY PLACED IN

WHETHER MADE UP IN A SPLENDID
ARRANGEMENT OR SIMPLY PLACED IN
A VASE, FRESH CUT FLOWERS RARELY

ARRANGEMENT OR SIMPLY PLACED IN
A VASE, FRESH CUT FLOWERS RARELY
GO UNAPPRECIATED.

A VASE, FRESH CUT FLOWERS RARELY
GO UNAPPRECIATED.
ROSES ARE A PERENNIAL FAVORITE.

GO UNAPPRECIATED.
ROSES ARE A PERENNIAL FAVORITE.
FLORISTS BUY THEM FROM

ROSES ARE A PERENNIAL FAVORITE.
FLORISTS BUY THEM FROM
COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES.

FLORISTS BUY THEM FROM
COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES.
THOSE GREENHOUSES HAVE

COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES.
THOSE GREENHOUSES HAVE
SOPHISTICATED SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

THOSE GREENHOUSES HAVE
SOPHISTICATED SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
POSITIONED TO IRRIGATE THE SOIL

SOPHISTICATED SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
POSITIONED TO IRRIGATE THE SOIL
RATHER THAN THE PLANTS BECAUSE

POSITIONED TO IRRIGATE THE SOIL
RATHER THAN THE PLANTS BECAUSE
WATERING DIRECTLY ON THE ROSE

RATHER THAN THE PLANTS BECAUSE
WATERING DIRECTLY ON THE ROSE
BUSHES WOULD GROW HARMFUL

WATERING DIRECTLY ON THE ROSE
BUSHES WOULD GROW HARMFUL
FUNGUS.

BUSHES WOULD GROW HARMFUL
FUNGUS.
THE HOTTER THE WEATHER, THE MORE

FUNGUS.
THE HOTTER THE WEATHER, THE MORE
WATERING IS REQUIRED -- UP TO

THE HOTTER THE WEATHER, THE MORE
WATERING IS REQUIRED -- UP TO
SEVEN TIMES DAILY FOR ABOUT

WATERING IS REQUIRED -- UP TO
SEVEN TIMES DAILY FOR ABOUT
FIVE MINUTES EACH TIME.

SEVEN TIMES DAILY FOR ABOUT
FIVE MINUTES EACH TIME.
THE GREENHOUSE CLIMATE IS

FIVE MINUTES EACH TIME.
THE GREENHOUSE CLIMATE IS
COMPUTER-CONTROLLED.

THE GREENHOUSE CLIMATE IS
COMPUTER-CONTROLLED.
IF IT GETS TOO HUMID, THE

COMPUTER-CONTROLLED.
IF IT GETS TOO HUMID, THE
COMPUTER AUTOMATICALLY TRIGGERS

IF IT GETS TOO HUMID, THE
COMPUTER AUTOMATICALLY TRIGGERS
THE ROOF TO OPEN, BRINGING DOWN

COMPUTER AUTOMATICALLY TRIGGERS
THE ROOF TO OPEN, BRINGING DOWN
THE TEMPERATURE.

THE ROOF TO OPEN, BRINGING DOWN
THE TEMPERATURE.
THE IDEAL GREENHOUSE TEMPERATURE

THE TEMPERATURE.
THE IDEAL GREENHOUSE TEMPERATURE
FOR MOST FLOWERS IS ABOUT

THE IDEAL GREENHOUSE TEMPERATURE
FOR MOST FLOWERS IS ABOUT
70 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT DURING THE

FOR MOST FLOWERS IS ABOUT
70 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT DURING THE
DAYTIME AND 60 DEGREES AT NIGHT.

70 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT DURING THE
DAYTIME AND 60 DEGREES AT NIGHT.
WITH EVERY WATERING, THE ROSES

DAYTIME AND 60 DEGREES AT NIGHT.
WITH EVERY WATERING, THE ROSES
GET A LOW-LEVEL DOSE OF

WITH EVERY WATERING, THE ROSES
GET A LOW-LEVEL DOSE OF
FERTILIZER, THE BOTANICAL

GET A LOW-LEVEL DOSE OF
FERTILIZER, THE BOTANICAL
VERSION OF TAKING A DAILY

FERTILIZER, THE BOTANICAL
VERSION OF TAKING A DAILY
VITAMIN SUPPLEMENT.

VERSION OF TAKING A DAILY
VITAMIN SUPPLEMENT.
IT'S A MIX OF NITROGEN,

VITAMIN SUPPLEMENT.
IT'S A MIX OF NITROGEN,
PHOSPHATE, AND POTASSIUM.

IT'S A MIX OF NITROGEN,
PHOSPHATE, AND POTASSIUM.
THE PROPORTIONS ARE DETERMINED

PHOSPHATE, AND POTASSIUM.
THE PROPORTIONS ARE DETERMINED
BY ONGOING SOIL ANALYSIS.

THE PROPORTIONS ARE DETERMINED
BY ONGOING SOIL ANALYSIS.
IF THE PEST SPECIALIST DETECTS A

BY ONGOING SOIL ANALYSIS.
IF THE PEST SPECIALIST DETECTS A
BUG PROBLEM, HE APPLIES AN

IF THE PEST SPECIALIST DETECTS A
BUG PROBLEM, HE APPLIES AN
INSECTICIDE TREATMENT TO TARGET

BUG PROBLEM, HE APPLIES AN
INSECTICIDE TREATMENT TO TARGET
THE PARTICULAR PEST, BUT FIRST,

INSECTICIDE TREATMENT TO TARGET
THE PARTICULAR PEST, BUT FIRST,
THEY CLOSE THE ROOF SO AS NOT TO

THE PARTICULAR PEST, BUT FIRST,
THEY CLOSE THE ROOF SO AS NOT TO
POLLUTE THE OUTSIDE ENVIRONMENT.

THEY CLOSE THE ROOF SO AS NOT TO
POLLUTE THE OUTSIDE ENVIRONMENT.
WORKERS HANDLING THE CHEMICALS

POLLUTE THE OUTSIDE ENVIRONMENT.
WORKERS HANDLING THE CHEMICALS
WEAR MASKS AND PROTECTIVE

WORKERS HANDLING THE CHEMICALS
WEAR MASKS AND PROTECTIVE
CLOTHING.

THE ROSES GROW THROUGH THE
OPENINGS OF HORIZONTAL TRELLISES
POSITIONED ONE ABOVE THE OTHER.

OPENINGS OF HORIZONTAL TRELLISES
POSITIONED ONE ABOVE THE OTHER.
THIS ENSURES THE STEMS GROW TALL

POSITIONED ONE ABOVE THE OTHER.
THIS ENSURES THE STEMS GROW TALL
AND STRAIGHT.

THIS ENSURES THE STEMS GROW TALL
AND STRAIGHT.
CROOKED ROSES, AFTER ALL, ARE

AND STRAIGHT.
CROOKED ROSES, AFTER ALL, ARE
WORTHLESS.

CROOKED ROSES, AFTER ALL, ARE
WORTHLESS.
CUTTING THE ROSES IS TRICKY AND

WORTHLESS.
CUTTING THE ROSES IS TRICKY AND
PRICKLY.

CUTTING THE ROSES IS TRICKY AND
PRICKLY.
WORKERS HAVE TO WEAR THICK

PRICKLY.
WORKERS HAVE TO WEAR THICK
GLOVES TO PROTECT THEM AGAINST

WORKERS HAVE TO WEAR THICK
GLOVES TO PROTECT THEM AGAINST
THE THORNS.

GLOVES TO PROTECT THEM AGAINST
THE THORNS.
THEY CUT THE STEM AT A

THE THORNS.
THEY CUT THE STEM AT A
30-TO-45 DEGREE ANGLE JUST ABOVE

THEY CUT THE STEM AT A
30-TO-45 DEGREE ANGLE JUST ABOVE
THE SECOND SET OF 5 LEAVES.

30-TO-45 DEGREE ANGLE JUST ABOVE
THE SECOND SET OF 5 LEAVES.
THE CUT MUST BE PRECISELY AT

THE SECOND SET OF 5 LEAVES.
THE CUT MUST BE PRECISELY AT
THAT SPOT FOR A SECOND ROSE TO

THE CUT MUST BE PRECISELY AT
THAT SPOT FOR A SECOND ROSE TO
BLOOM ABOUT 40 TO 55 DAYS LATER,

THAT SPOT FOR A SECOND ROSE TO
BLOOM ABOUT 40 TO 55 DAYS LATER,
DEPENDING ON THE SEASON.

BLOOM ABOUT 40 TO 55 DAYS LATER,
DEPENDING ON THE SEASON.
GROWTH IS SLOWER IN WINTER

DEPENDING ON THE SEASON.
GROWTH IS SLOWER IN WINTER
BECAUSE THERE'S LESS SUN.

GROWTH IS SLOWER IN WINTER
BECAUSE THERE'S LESS SUN.
THE GROWTH PERIOD ALSO VARIES

BECAUSE THERE'S LESS SUN.
THE GROWTH PERIOD ALSO VARIES
SOMEWHAT ACCORDING TO THE

THE GROWTH PERIOD ALSO VARIES
SOMEWHAT ACCORDING TO THE
VARIETY OF ROSE.

SOMEWHAT ACCORDING TO THE
VARIETY OF ROSE.
THE FRESH CUT ROSES GO INTO A

VARIETY OF ROSE.
THE FRESH CUT ROSES GO INTO A
BUCKET OF LUKEWARM WATER WITH A

THE FRESH CUT ROSES GO INTO A
BUCKET OF LUKEWARM WATER WITH A
FEW DROPS OF BLEACH TO KILL OFF

BUCKET OF LUKEWARM WATER WITH A
FEW DROPS OF BLEACH TO KILL OFF
ANY HARMFUL BACTERIA.

FEW DROPS OF BLEACH TO KILL OFF
ANY HARMFUL BACTERIA.
WORKERS THEN CHECK EACH AND

ANY HARMFUL BACTERIA.
WORKERS THEN CHECK EACH AND
EVERY ROSE TO MAKE SURE THE

WORKERS THEN CHECK EACH AND
EVERY ROSE TO MAKE SURE THE
BLOOMS AND FOLIAGE ARE FREE OF

EVERY ROSE TO MAKE SURE THE
BLOOMS AND FOLIAGE ARE FREE OF
DEFECTS.

THEN THEY CLASSIFY THE ROSES BY
LENGTH.
THE LONGER THE STEM, THE MORE

LENGTH.
THE LONGER THE STEM, THE MORE
THE ROSE IS WORTH.

THEY MAKE A BUNDLE OF EACH
LENGTH...
THEN TRIM THE BOTTOM OF THE

LENGTH...
THEN TRIM THE BOTTOM OF THE
STEMS TO EQUALIZE THE HEIGHT.

THEN TRIM THE BOTTOM OF THE
STEMS TO EQUALIZE THE HEIGHT.
THEY WRAP THE ROSES IN NEWSPRINT

STEMS TO EQUALIZE THE HEIGHT.
THEY WRAP THE ROSES IN NEWSPRINT
SO THEY WON'T DRY OUT DURING

THEY WRAP THE ROSES IN NEWSPRINT
SO THEY WON'T DRY OUT DURING
SHIPPING.

SO THEY WON'T DRY OUT DURING
SHIPPING.
THE TRANSPORT TRUCKS ARE

SHIPPING.
THE TRANSPORT TRUCKS ARE
REFRIGERATED IN SUMMER AND

THE TRANSPORT TRUCKS ARE
REFRIGERATED IN SUMMER AND
HEATED IN WINTER TO KEEP THE

REFRIGERATED IN SUMMER AND
HEATED IN WINTER TO KEEP THE
ROSES AT A SAFE TEMPERATURE,

HEATED IN WINTER TO KEEP THE
ROSES AT A SAFE TEMPERATURE,
ABOUT 40 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT.

ROSES AT A SAFE TEMPERATURE,
ABOUT 40 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT.
TO MAKE A BOUQUET OF DRIED ROSES

ABOUT 40 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT.
TO MAKE A BOUQUET OF DRIED ROSES
THEY SELECT OPEN BLOOMS FOR A

TO MAKE A BOUQUET OF DRIED ROSES
THEY SELECT OPEN BLOOMS FOR A
NICER LOOK, THEN HANG THEM

THEY SELECT OPEN BLOOMS FOR A
NICER LOOK, THEN HANG THEM
UPSIDE DOWN IN A ROOM COOLED BY

NICER LOOK, THEN HANG THEM
UPSIDE DOWN IN A ROOM COOLED BY
FANS.

UPSIDE DOWN IN A ROOM COOLED BY
FANS.
THEY LEAVE LOTS OF SPACE BETWEEN

FANS.
THEY LEAVE LOTS OF SPACE BETWEEN
BOUQUETS SO THE AIR WILL BETTER

THEY LEAVE LOTS OF SPACE BETWEEN
BOUQUETS SO THE AIR WILL BETTER
CIRCULATE.

BOUQUETS SO THE AIR WILL BETTER
CIRCULATE.
THE ROSES TAKE A WEEK TO DRY

CIRCULATE.
THE ROSES TAKE A WEEK TO DRY
OUT.

THE ROSES TAKE A WEEK TO DRY
OUT.
FRESH CUT FLOWERS ARE STRIKING,

OUT.
FRESH CUT FLOWERS ARE STRIKING,
WHETHER PART OF AN ARRANGEMENT

FRESH CUT FLOWERS ARE STRIKING,
WHETHER PART OF AN ARRANGEMENT
OR IN A VASE.

WHETHER PART OF AN ARRANGEMENT
OR IN A VASE.
THEY CAN LAST IN WATER FOR ABOUT

OR IN A VASE.
THEY CAN LAST IN WATER FOR ABOUT
A WEEK, PROVIDED YOU TRIM HALF

THEY CAN LAST IN WATER FOR ABOUT
A WEEK, PROVIDED YOU TRIM HALF
AN INCH OF THE STEMS TO OPEN UP

A WEEK, PROVIDED YOU TRIM HALF
AN INCH OF THE STEMS TO OPEN UP
THE WATER CHANNELS.

AN INCH OF THE STEMS TO OPEN UP
THE WATER CHANNELS.
FILL THE VASE WITH LUKEWARM

THE WATER CHANNELS.
FILL THE VASE WITH LUKEWARM
WATER, NEVER COLD WATER.

FILL THE VASE WITH LUKEWARM
WATER, NEVER COLD WATER.
POUR IN A BIT OF BLEACH TO WARD

WATER, NEVER COLD WATER.
POUR IN A BIT OF BLEACH TO WARD
OFF STEM-CLOGGING BACTERIA.

POUR IN A BIT OF BLEACH TO WARD
OFF STEM-CLOGGING BACTERIA.
CHANGE THE WATER EVERY THREE

OFF STEM-CLOGGING BACTERIA.
CHANGE THE WATER EVERY THREE
DAYS, AND BE SURE TO KEEP THE

CHANGE THE WATER EVERY THREE
DAYS, AND BE SURE TO KEEP THE
FLOWERS AWAY FROM THE HEAT OF A

DAYS, AND BE SURE TO KEEP THE
FLOWERS AWAY FROM THE HEAT OF A
SUNNY WINDOW.

>> Narrator: ADHESIVE TAPE WAS
INVENTED IN 1925 AS A PAINTER'S
MASKING TAPE FOR AUTO-BODY

INVENTED IN 1925 AS A PAINTER'S
MASKING TAPE FOR AUTO-BODY
SHOPS.

MASKING TAPE FOR AUTO-BODY
SHOPS.
THAT LED TO TRANSPARENT TAPE,

SHOPS.
THAT LED TO TRANSPARENT TAPE,
DESIGNED TO SEAL THE CELLOPHANE

THAT LED TO TRANSPARENT TAPE,
DESIGNED TO SEAL THE CELLOPHANE
WRAP USED BY THE FOOD INDUSTRY.

DESIGNED TO SEAL THE CELLOPHANE
WRAP USED BY THE FOOD INDUSTRY.
THEN TAPE WAS INTRODUCED AS A

WRAP USED BY THE FOOD INDUSTRY.
THEN TAPE WAS INTRODUCED AS A
HOUSEHOLD ITEM, AND THE IDEA

THEN TAPE WAS INTRODUCED AS A
HOUSEHOLD ITEM, AND THE IDEA
JUST STUCK.

HOUSEHOLD ITEM, AND THE IDEA
JUST STUCK.
THESE ROLLS OF PLASTIC FILM

JUST STUCK.
THESE ROLLS OF PLASTIC FILM
CALLED POLYPROPYLENE ARE ON

THESE ROLLS OF PLASTIC FILM
CALLED POLYPROPYLENE ARE ON
THEIR WAY TO BECOMING SHIPPING

CALLED POLYPROPYLENE ARE ON
THEIR WAY TO BECOMING SHIPPING
TAPE.

THEIR WAY TO BECOMING SHIPPING
TAPE.
THE ROLLS GO ON A MACHINE CALLED

TAPE.
THE ROLLS GO ON A MACHINE CALLED
THE UNWINDER.

THE ROLLS GO ON A MACHINE CALLED
THE UNWINDER.
WORKERS THEN POSITION A STRIP OF

THE UNWINDER.
WORKERS THEN POSITION A STRIP OF
ADHESIVE SPLICING TAPE ALONG THE

WORKERS THEN POSITION A STRIP OF
ADHESIVE SPLICING TAPE ALONG THE
END OF EACH ROLL.

ADHESIVE SPLICING TAPE ALONG THE
END OF EACH ROLL.
THIS WILL ENABLE THEM TO CONNECT

END OF EACH ROLL.
THIS WILL ENABLE THEM TO CONNECT
ONE ROLL AFTER ANOTHER, CREATING

THIS WILL ENABLE THEM TO CONNECT
ONE ROLL AFTER ANOTHER, CREATING
AN UNINTERRUPTED FEED TO THE

ONE ROLL AFTER ANOTHER, CREATING
AN UNINTERRUPTED FEED TO THE
PRODUCTION LINE.

AN UNINTERRUPTED FEED TO THE
PRODUCTION LINE.
NOW WATCH CLOSELY.

PRODUCTION LINE.
NOW WATCH CLOSELY.
ONCE A ROLL UNWINDS COMPLETELY,

NOW WATCH CLOSELY.
ONCE A ROLL UNWINDS COMPLETELY,
ITS END STICKS ONTO THE SPLICING

ONCE A ROLL UNWINDS COMPLETELY,
ITS END STICKS ONTO THE SPLICING
TAPE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE

ITS END STICKS ONTO THE SPLICING
TAPE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE
NEXT ROLL.

TAPE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE
NEXT ROLL.
ONCE THAT ROLL'S UNWOUND, ITS

NEXT ROLL.
ONCE THAT ROLL'S UNWOUND, ITS
END WILL STICK TO THE BEGINNING

ONCE THAT ROLL'S UNWOUND, ITS
END WILL STICK TO THE BEGINNING
OF THE NEXT, AND SO ON.

END WILL STICK TO THE BEGINNING
OF THE NEXT, AND SO ON.
AN AUTOMATIC TENSION ADJUSTER

OF THE NEXT, AND SO ON.
AN AUTOMATIC TENSION ADJUSTER
ENSURES THAT THE MACHINE PULLS

AN AUTOMATIC TENSION ADJUSTER
ENSURES THAT THE MACHINE PULLS
THE FILM EVENLY TO PREVENT

ENSURES THAT THE MACHINE PULLS
THE FILM EVENLY TO PREVENT
RIPPING.

THE FILM EVENLY TO PREVENT
RIPPING.
THE UNWINDER ALSO APPLIES A

RIPPING.
THE UNWINDER ALSO APPLIES A
SOLVENT TO THE FILM'S SURFACE.

THE UNWINDER ALSO APPLIES A
SOLVENT TO THE FILM'S SURFACE.
THIS PREVENTS THE FILM FROM

SOLVENT TO THE FILM'S SURFACE.
THIS PREVENTS THE FILM FROM
STICKING WHILE UNROLLING.

THIS PREVENTS THE FILM FROM
STICKING WHILE UNROLLING.
TO TRANSFORM THIS FILM INTO

STICKING WHILE UNROLLING.
TO TRANSFORM THIS FILM INTO
TAPE, THEY COAT ONE SIDE WITH A

TO TRANSFORM THIS FILM INTO
TAPE, THEY COAT ONE SIDE WITH A
HOT ADHESIVE KNOWN AS HOTMELT,

TAPE, THEY COAT ONE SIDE WITH A
HOT ADHESIVE KNOWN AS HOTMELT,
MADE FROM SEVERAL INGREDIENTS.

HOT ADHESIVE KNOWN AS HOTMELT,
MADE FROM SEVERAL INGREDIENTS.
SYNTHETIC RUBBER GIVES IT

MADE FROM SEVERAL INGREDIENTS.
SYNTHETIC RUBBER GIVES IT
FLEXIBILITY.

SYNTHETIC RUBBER GIVES IT
FLEXIBILITY.
A U.V. PROTECTOR KEEPS IT FROM

FLEXIBILITY.
A U.V. PROTECTOR KEEPS IT FROM
DRYING AND DISCOLORING, WHILE AN

A U.V. PROTECTOR KEEPS IT FROM
DRYING AND DISCOLORING, WHILE AN
ANTIOXIDANT PREVENTS AGING.

DRYING AND DISCOLORING, WHILE AN
ANTIOXIDANT PREVENTS AGING.
SYNTHETIC RESIN MAKES IT STICKY,

ANTIOXIDANT PREVENTS AGING.
SYNTHETIC RESIN MAKES IT STICKY,
WHILE PIGMENTATION OIL PROVIDES

SYNTHETIC RESIN MAKES IT STICKY,
WHILE PIGMENTATION OIL PROVIDES
A CHOICE OF COLOR -- IN THIS

WHILE PIGMENTATION OIL PROVIDES
A CHOICE OF COLOR -- IN THIS
CASE, TAN.

A CHOICE OF COLOR -- IN THIS
CASE, TAN.
THEY LOAD THE HOTMELT INTO A

CASE, TAN.
THEY LOAD THE HOTMELT INTO A
PREHEATED HOLDING TANK, WHICH

THEY LOAD THE HOTMELT INTO A
PREHEATED HOLDING TANK, WHICH
KEEPS THE MELT AT A PIPING

PREHEATED HOLDING TANK, WHICH
KEEPS THE MELT AT A PIPING
390 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT TO

KEEPS THE MELT AT A PIPING
390 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT TO
PREVENT IT FROM HARDENING.

390 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT TO
PREVENT IT FROM HARDENING.
THE TANK PUMPS THE ADHESIVE TO A

PREVENT IT FROM HARDENING.
THE TANK PUMPS THE ADHESIVE TO A
MACHINE CALLED THE GLUER.

THE TANK PUMPS THE ADHESIVE TO A
MACHINE CALLED THE GLUER.
THEY WIPE AWAY THE EXCESS, THEN

MACHINE CALLED THE GLUER.
THEY WIPE AWAY THE EXCESS, THEN
ROLL THE FILM.

THEY WIPE AWAY THE EXCESS, THEN
ROLL THE FILM.
AND THERE GOES THE ADHESIVE.

ROLL THE FILM.
AND THERE GOES THE ADHESIVE.
A COOLING ROLLER -- THAT BLACK

AND THERE GOES THE ADHESIVE.
A COOLING ROLLER -- THAT BLACK
ONE ON TOP -- IMMEDIATELY

A COOLING ROLLER -- THAT BLACK
ONE ON TOP -- IMMEDIATELY
HARDENS IT.

ONE ON TOP -- IMMEDIATELY
HARDENS IT.
A COMPUTERIZED SENSOR ENSURES

HARDENS IT.
A COMPUTERIZED SENSOR ENSURES
THERE'S AN EVEN COAT OF

A COMPUTERIZED SENSOR ENSURES
THERE'S AN EVEN COAT OF
ADHESIVE.

THERE'S AN EVEN COAT OF
ADHESIVE.
IF NOT, IT AUTOMATICALLY SIGNALS

ADHESIVE.
IF NOT, IT AUTOMATICALLY SIGNALS
TO THE PUMP TO ADJUST THE

IF NOT, IT AUTOMATICALLY SIGNALS
TO THE PUMP TO ADJUST THE
OUTPUT.

TO THE PUMP TO ADJUST THE
OUTPUT.
NOW A MACHINE CALLED THE

OUTPUT.
NOW A MACHINE CALLED THE
REWINDER ROLLS THE TAPE ONTO

NOW A MACHINE CALLED THE
REWINDER ROLLS THE TAPE ONTO
SPOOLS.

REWINDER ROLLS THE TAPE ONTO
SPOOLS.
REMEMBER THE UNWINDER THAT

SPOOLS.
REMEMBER THE UNWINDER THAT
SPLICED THE ROLLS TOGETHER?

REMEMBER THE UNWINDER THAT
SPLICED THE ROLLS TOGETHER?
WELL, THE REWINDER UNSPLICES

SPLICED THE ROLLS TOGETHER?
WELL, THE REWINDER UNSPLICES
THEM.

WELL, THE REWINDER UNSPLICES
THEM.
WHEN A SPOOL FILLS, A KNIFE

THEM.
WHEN A SPOOL FILLS, A KNIFE
SEPARATES THE TAPE AT THE SPLICE

WHEN A SPOOL FILLS, A KNIFE
SEPARATES THE TAPE AT THE SPLICE
POINT SO THAT WINDING CAN BEGIN

SEPARATES THE TAPE AT THE SPLICE
POINT SO THAT WINDING CAN BEGIN
ON THE NEXT SPOOL.

THE TAPE ON JUST ONE OF THESE
SPOOLS WOULD RUN THE LENGTH OF
85 FOOTBALL FIELDS.

SPOOLS WOULD RUN THE LENGTH OF
85 FOOTBALL FIELDS.
THE SPOOLS FEED A ROW OF SHARP

85 FOOTBALL FIELDS.
THE SPOOLS FEED A ROW OF SHARP
RAZOR BLADES CALLED THE SLITTERS

THE SPOOLS FEED A ROW OF SHARP
RAZOR BLADES CALLED THE SLITTERS
WHICH DIVIDE THE 5-FOOT-WIDE

RAZOR BLADES CALLED THE SLITTERS
WHICH DIVIDE THE 5-FOOT-WIDE
TAPE INTO SEVERAL STRIPS.

WHICH DIVIDE THE 5-FOOT-WIDE
TAPE INTO SEVERAL STRIPS.
SHIPPING TAPE IS ALMOST

TAPE INTO SEVERAL STRIPS.
SHIPPING TAPE IS ALMOST
2 INCHES WIDE, SO THEY GET

SHIPPING TAPE IS ALMOST
2 INCHES WIDE, SO THEY GET
31 STRIPS PER SPOOL.

2 INCHES WIDE, SO THEY GET
31 STRIPS PER SPOOL.
EACH STRIP WINDS ONTO A

31 STRIPS PER SPOOL.
EACH STRIP WINDS ONTO A
CARDBOARD CORE, AND ITS END IS

EACH STRIP WINDS ONTO A
CARDBOARD CORE, AND ITS END IS
SEALED WITH A TAB.

THE LENGTH OF TAPE PER ROLL
VARIES ACCORDING TO THE
CUSTOMER'S SPECIFICATIONS.

VARIES ACCORDING TO THE
CUSTOMER'S SPECIFICATIONS.
AS THE MACHINE EJECTS THE

CUSTOMER'S SPECIFICATIONS.
AS THE MACHINE EJECTS THE
FINISHED TAPE ROLLS, IN COMES

AS THE MACHINE EJECTS THE
FINISHED TAPE ROLLS, IN COMES
THE NEXT BATCH OF CARDBOARD

FINISHED TAPE ROLLS, IN COMES
THE NEXT BATCH OF CARDBOARD
CORES.

THE NEXT BATCH OF CARDBOARD
CORES.
THEN IT'S OFF TO THE PACKAGING

CORES.
THEN IT'S OFF TO THE PACKAGING
DEPARTMENT.

THEN IT'S OFF TO THE PACKAGING
DEPARTMENT.
NOTHING'S SHIPPED OUT, HOWEVER,

DEPARTMENT.
NOTHING'S SHIPPED OUT, HOWEVER,
BEFORE A QUALITY-CONTROL CHECK.

NOTHING'S SHIPPED OUT, HOWEVER,
BEFORE A QUALITY-CONTROL CHECK.
THEY TEST A SAMPLE ROLL FROM

BEFORE A QUALITY-CONTROL CHECK.
THEY TEST A SAMPLE ROLL FROM
EACH SPOOL.

THEY TEST A SAMPLE ROLL FROM
EACH SPOOL.
IN ONE TEST, THEY UNROLL THE

EACH SPOOL.
IN ONE TEST, THEY UNROLL THE
TAPE STICKY SIDE UP, THEN

IN ONE TEST, THEY UNROLL THE
TAPE STICKY SIDE UP, THEN
RELEASE A TINY, STAINLESS-STEEL

TAPE STICKY SIDE UP, THEN
RELEASE A TINY, STAINLESS-STEEL
BALL DOWN AN INCLINE, MEASURING

RELEASE A TINY, STAINLESS-STEEL
BALL DOWN AN INCLINE, MEASURING
HOW FAR THE BALL ROLLS BEFORE IT

BALL DOWN AN INCLINE, MEASURING
HOW FAR THE BALL ROLLS BEFORE IT
STICKS AND COMES TO A STOP.

HOW FAR THE BALL ROLLS BEFORE IT
STICKS AND COMES TO A STOP.
TO PASS THE TEST, THE BALL HAS

STICKS AND COMES TO A STOP.
TO PASS THE TEST, THE BALL HAS
TO ADHERE WITHIN A CERTAIN

TO PASS THE TEST, THE BALL HAS
TO ADHERE WITHIN A CERTAIN
DISTANCE.

TO ADHERE WITHIN A CERTAIN
DISTANCE.
THE STOPPING DISTANCE VARIES

DISTANCE.
THE STOPPING DISTANCE VARIES
DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF

THE STOPPING DISTANCE VARIES
DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF
ADHESIVE TAPE.

>> Narrator: SOME PEOPLE JUST
CAN'T GET PAST THAT RUBBERY
TEXTURE, BUT TOFU ENTHUSIASTS

CAN'T GET PAST THAT RUBBERY
TEXTURE, BUT TOFU ENTHUSIASTS
SAY IT'S ALL IN HOW YOU PREPARE

TEXTURE, BUT TOFU ENTHUSIASTS
SAY IT'S ALL IN HOW YOU PREPARE
IT.

SAY IT'S ALL IN HOW YOU PREPARE
IT.
TOFU IS A GREAT SOURCE OF

IT.
TOFU IS A GREAT SOURCE OF
PROTEIN, LOW IN SATURATED FAT,

TOFU IS A GREAT SOURCE OF
PROTEIN, LOW IN SATURATED FAT,
AND CHOLESTEROL-FREE.

PROTEIN, LOW IN SATURATED FAT,
AND CHOLESTEROL-FREE.
AND IT'S VERSATILE, ABSORBING

AND CHOLESTEROL-FREE.
AND IT'S VERSATILE, ABSORBING
WHATEVER FLAVORS SURROUND IT.

AND IT'S VERSATILE, ABSORBING
WHATEVER FLAVORS SURROUND IT.
TOFU IS MADE FROM SOYBEANS, THE

WHATEVER FLAVORS SURROUND IT.
TOFU IS MADE FROM SOYBEANS, THE
SEEDS THAT GROW IN THE PODS OF

TOFU IS MADE FROM SOYBEANS, THE
SEEDS THAT GROW IN THE PODS OF
THE SOYBEAN PLANT.

SEEDS THAT GROW IN THE PODS OF
THE SOYBEAN PLANT.
THEY CONTAIN 40% PROTEIN, MORE

THE SOYBEAN PLANT.
THEY CONTAIN 40% PROTEIN, MORE
THAN DOUBLE THE PROTEIN IN BEEF

THEY CONTAIN 40% PROTEIN, MORE
THAN DOUBLE THE PROTEIN IN BEEF
OR FISH.

THAN DOUBLE THE PROTEIN IN BEEF
OR FISH.
THEY START BY SOAKING THE

OR FISH.
THEY START BY SOAKING THE
SOYBEANS IN COLD WATER FOR

THEY START BY SOAKING THE
SOYBEANS IN COLD WATER FOR
18 TO 24 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE

SOYBEANS IN COLD WATER FOR
18 TO 24 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE
SEASON.

18 TO 24 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE
SEASON.
IN WINTER, BEANS ARE STORED IN

SEASON.
IN WINTER, BEANS ARE STORED IN
OUTDOOR SILOS AND TAKE TIME TO

IN WINTER, BEANS ARE STORED IN
OUTDOOR SILOS AND TAKE TIME TO
WARM TO ROOM TEMPERATURE.

OUTDOOR SILOS AND TAKE TIME TO
WARM TO ROOM TEMPERATURE.
HERE'S WHAT THE BEANS LOOK LIKE

WARM TO ROOM TEMPERATURE.
HERE'S WHAT THE BEANS LOOK LIKE
BEFORE AND AFTER SOAKING.

HERE'S WHAT THE BEANS LOOK LIKE
BEFORE AND AFTER SOAKING.
AS THEY ABSORB THE WATER, THEY

BEFORE AND AFTER SOAKING.
AS THEY ABSORB THE WATER, THEY
DOUBLE IN SIZE AND SOFTEN UP A

AS THEY ABSORB THE WATER, THEY
DOUBLE IN SIZE AND SOFTEN UP A
BIT.

DOUBLE IN SIZE AND SOFTEN UP A
BIT.
THE BLOATED SOYBEANS GO ON TO A

BIT.
THE BLOATED SOYBEANS GO ON TO A
CONVEYOR BELT WHERE A ROTATING

THE BLOATED SOYBEANS GO ON TO A
CONVEYOR BELT WHERE A ROTATING
DEVICE TRANSPORTS THEM TO A

CONVEYOR BELT WHERE A ROTATING
DEVICE TRANSPORTS THEM TO A
CRUSHING MACHINE.

DEVICE TRANSPORTS THEM TO A
CRUSHING MACHINE.
THE MACHINE CRUSHES THEM INTO A

CRUSHING MACHINE.
THE MACHINE CRUSHES THEM INTO A
THICK AND GRAINY SOUP OF SOYBEAN

THE MACHINE CRUSHES THEM INTO A
THICK AND GRAINY SOUP OF SOYBEAN
MILK AND PULP.

THICK AND GRAINY SOUP OF SOYBEAN
MILK AND PULP.
IT DOES THIS BY FORCING THE

MILK AND PULP.
IT DOES THIS BY FORCING THE
BEANS THROUGH AN INTERNAL

IT DOES THIS BY FORCING THE
BEANS THROUGH AN INTERNAL
FILTERING SCREEN.

BEANS THROUGH AN INTERNAL
FILTERING SCREEN.
NEXT, THEY TRANSFORM THE SOUP

FILTERING SCREEN.
NEXT, THEY TRANSFORM THE SOUP
INTO A PASTE BY HEATING IT IN A

NEXT, THEY TRANSFORM THE SOUP
INTO A PASTE BY HEATING IT IN A
STEAM COOKER FOR 3 TO 4 MINUTES.

INTO A PASTE BY HEATING IT IN A
STEAM COOKER FOR 3 TO 4 MINUTES.
THEN IT'S INTO A CENTRIFUGE

STEAM COOKER FOR 3 TO 4 MINUTES.
THEN IT'S INTO A CENTRIFUGE
MACHINE.

THEN IT'S INTO A CENTRIFUGE
MACHINE.
AS THE CHAMBER SPINS, THE

MACHINE.
AS THE CHAMBER SPINS, THE
CENTRIFUGAL FORCE SEPARATES THE

AS THE CHAMBER SPINS, THE
CENTRIFUGAL FORCE SEPARATES THE
MILK AND PULP.

CENTRIFUGAL FORCE SEPARATES THE
MILK AND PULP.
THE MILK PASSES THROUGH A

MILK AND PULP.
THE MILK PASSES THROUGH A
CONE-SHAPED FILTER, WHILE THE

THE MILK PASSES THROUGH A
CONE-SHAPED FILTER, WHILE THE
PULP, CALLED SOY MEAL, STICKS TO

CONE-SHAPED FILTER, WHILE THE
PULP, CALLED SOY MEAL, STICKS TO
THE SIDES OF THE CHAMBER.

PULP, CALLED SOY MEAL, STICKS TO
THE SIDES OF THE CHAMBER.
THE SOY MEAL GOES OFF TO BE SOLD

THE SIDES OF THE CHAMBER.
THE SOY MEAL GOES OFF TO BE SOLD
FOR CATTLE AND PET FOOD.

THE SOY MEAL GOES OFF TO BE SOLD
FOR CATTLE AND PET FOOD.
THE MILK STAYS BEHIND TO BE

FOR CATTLE AND PET FOOD.
THE MILK STAYS BEHIND TO BE
TRANSFORMED INTO TOFU.

THE MILK STAYS BEHIND TO BE
TRANSFORMED INTO TOFU.
STILL PIPING HOT, IT GOES INTO A

TRANSFORMED INTO TOFU.
STILL PIPING HOT, IT GOES INTO A
COAGULATION TANK TO BE THICKENED

STILL PIPING HOT, IT GOES INTO A
COAGULATION TANK TO BE THICKENED
INTO CURD, BUT FIRST, THEY ADD

COAGULATION TANK TO BE THICKENED
INTO CURD, BUT FIRST, THEY ADD
DIFFERENT HERBS AND SPICES,

INTO CURD, BUT FIRST, THEY ADD
DIFFERENT HERBS AND SPICES,
BECAUSE THIS BATCH WILL BE SOLD

DIFFERENT HERBS AND SPICES,
BECAUSE THIS BATCH WILL BE SOLD
AS FLAVORED TOFU.

BECAUSE THIS BATCH WILL BE SOLD
AS FLAVORED TOFU.
THEN THEY ADD THE COAGULANT,

AS FLAVORED TOFU.
THEN THEY ADD THE COAGULANT,
MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE...

THEN THEY ADD THE COAGULANT,
MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE...
ALONG WITH WATER TO ACTIVATE IT.

MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE...
ALONG WITH WATER TO ACTIVATE IT.
THEN MORE STIRRING.

ALONG WITH WATER TO ACTIVATE IT.
THEN MORE STIRRING.
IT TAKES ABOUT 15 MINUTES FOR

THEN MORE STIRRING.
IT TAKES ABOUT 15 MINUTES FOR
THE SOYBEAN MILK TO CONGEAL INTO

IT TAKES ABOUT 15 MINUTES FOR
THE SOYBEAN MILK TO CONGEAL INTO
SOYBEAN CURD, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS

THE SOYBEAN MILK TO CONGEAL INTO
SOYBEAN CURD, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS
TOFU.

SOYBEAN CURD, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS
TOFU.
WHEN IT'S READY, IT'S STILL

TOFU.
WHEN IT'S READY, IT'S STILL
STEAMING BUT PRETTY SOGGY, SO

WHEN IT'S READY, IT'S STILL
STEAMING BUT PRETTY SOGGY, SO
THEY RUN IT THROUGH A PERFORATED

STEAMING BUT PRETTY SOGGY, SO
THEY RUN IT THROUGH A PERFORATED
CYLINDER TO DRAIN AS MUCH LIQUID

THEY RUN IT THROUGH A PERFORATED
CYLINDER TO DRAIN AS MUCH LIQUID
AS POSSIBLE.

CYLINDER TO DRAIN AS MUCH LIQUID
AS POSSIBLE.
BY THE TIME THE TOFU COMES OUT

AS POSSIBLE.
BY THE TIME THE TOFU COMES OUT
THE OTHER END OF THE CYLINDER,

BY THE TIME THE TOFU COMES OUT
THE OTHER END OF THE CYLINDER,
IT'S RELATIVELY DRY AND ROUGHLY

THE OTHER END OF THE CYLINDER,
IT'S RELATIVELY DRY AND ROUGHLY
THE CONSISTENCY OF SCRAMBLED

IT'S RELATIVELY DRY AND ROUGHLY
THE CONSISTENCY OF SCRAMBLED
EGGS.

THE CONSISTENCY OF SCRAMBLED
EGGS.
NOW IT CAN BE PROCESSED INTO

EGGS.
NOW IT CAN BE PROCESSED INTO
THOSE FAMILIAR BLOCKS YOU BUY AT

NOW IT CAN BE PROCESSED INTO
THOSE FAMILIAR BLOCKS YOU BUY AT
THE SUPERMARKET.

THOSE FAMILIAR BLOCKS YOU BUY AT
THE SUPERMARKET.
THEY TRANSFER THE TOFU INTO

THE SUPERMARKET.
THEY TRANSFER THE TOFU INTO
LARGE RECTANGULAR MOLDS LINED

THEY TRANSFER THE TOFU INTO
LARGE RECTANGULAR MOLDS LINED
WITH CHEESECLOTH.

LARGE RECTANGULAR MOLDS LINED
WITH CHEESECLOTH.
THEN IT'S INTO A PRESS THAT

WITH CHEESECLOTH.
THEN IT'S INTO A PRESS THAT
APPLIES 130 POUNDS OF PRESSURE.

THEN IT'S INTO A PRESS THAT
APPLIES 130 POUNDS OF PRESSURE.
THIS SQUEEZES OUT MOST OF THE

APPLIES 130 POUNDS OF PRESSURE.
THIS SQUEEZES OUT MOST OF THE
REMAINING LIQUID AND MOLDS THE

THIS SQUEEZES OUT MOST OF THE
REMAINING LIQUID AND MOLDS THE
LUMPY, LOOSE TOFU INTO A FIRM

REMAINING LIQUID AND MOLDS THE
LUMPY, LOOSE TOFU INTO A FIRM
RECTANGULAR BLOCK MEASURING

LUMPY, LOOSE TOFU INTO A FIRM
RECTANGULAR BLOCK MEASURING
15 BY 29 INCHES.

RECTANGULAR BLOCK MEASURING
15 BY 29 INCHES.
THEY CUT THE BLOCK LENGTHWISE

15 BY 29 INCHES.
THEY CUT THE BLOCK LENGTHWISE
AND WIDTHWISE INTO 54 BLOCKS OF

THEY CUT THE BLOCK LENGTHWISE
AND WIDTHWISE INTO 54 BLOCKS OF
10 1/2 OUNCES EACH.

AND WIDTHWISE INTO 54 BLOCKS OF
10 1/2 OUNCES EACH.
TOFU IS PRETTY TASTELESS, BUT

10 1/2 OUNCES EACH.
TOFU IS PRETTY TASTELESS, BUT
LIKE A SPONGE, IT ABSORBS THE

TOFU IS PRETTY TASTELESS, BUT
LIKE A SPONGE, IT ABSORBS THE
FLAVOR OF WHATEVER IT COMES INTO

LIKE A SPONGE, IT ABSORBS THE
FLAVOR OF WHATEVER IT COMES INTO
CONTACT WITH.

FLAVOR OF WHATEVER IT COMES INTO
CONTACT WITH.
THEY DRENCH THIS BATCH IN A

CONTACT WITH.
THEY DRENCH THIS BATCH IN A
SPICY MARINADE TO MAKE

THEY DRENCH THIS BATCH IN A
SPICY MARINADE TO MAKE
JALAPEÑO-FLAVORED TOFU.

SPICY MARINADE TO MAKE
JALAPEÑO-FLAVORED TOFU.
AFTER VERIFYING THE WEIGHT OF

JALAPEÑO-FLAVORED TOFU.
AFTER VERIFYING THE WEIGHT OF
EACH BLOCK, THEY PACKAGE THE

AFTER VERIFYING THE WEIGHT OF
EACH BLOCK, THEY PACKAGE THE
TOFU WITH A SPRINKLE OF SPICES

EACH BLOCK, THEY PACKAGE THE
TOFU WITH A SPRINKLE OF SPICES
FOR GARNISH.

TOFU WITH A SPRINKLE OF SPICES
FOR GARNISH.
THEN, TO KILL OFF ANY BACTERIA,

FOR GARNISH.
THEN, TO KILL OFF ANY BACTERIA,
THE BLOCKS GO INTO A PASTEURIZER

THEN, TO KILL OFF ANY BACTERIA,
THE BLOCKS GO INTO A PASTEURIZER
AT 230 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT FOR AN

THE BLOCKS GO INTO A PASTEURIZER
AT 230 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT FOR AN
HOUR.

AT 230 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT FOR AN
HOUR.
WHEN THEY COME OUT, THEY DROP

HOUR.
WHEN THEY COME OUT, THEY DROP
INTO A COOLING BASIN FILLED WITH

WHEN THEY COME OUT, THEY DROP
INTO A COOLING BASIN FILLED WITH
WATER JUST ABOVE FREEZING

INTO A COOLING BASIN FILLED WITH
WATER JUST ABOVE FREEZING
TEMPERATURE.

WATER JUST ABOVE FREEZING
TEMPERATURE.
THEY STAY SUBMERGED FOR ABOUT AN

TEMPERATURE.
THEY STAY SUBMERGED FOR ABOUT AN
HOUR.

THEY STAY SUBMERGED FOR ABOUT AN
HOUR.
TOFU COMES EITHER PREFLAVORED OR

HOUR.
TOFU COMES EITHER PREFLAVORED OR
PLAIN.

TOFU COMES EITHER PREFLAVORED OR
PLAIN.
IT ALSO COMES IN DIFFERENT

PLAIN.
IT ALSO COMES IN DIFFERENT
TEXTURES.

IT ALSO COMES IN DIFFERENT
TEXTURES.
FIRM TOFU MAINTAINS ITS SHAPE IN

TEXTURES.
FIRM TOFU MAINTAINS ITS SHAPE IN
SOUPS AND STIR-FRIES, WHILE SOFT

FIRM TOFU MAINTAINS ITS SHAPE IN
SOUPS AND STIR-FRIES, WHILE SOFT
TOFU AND SILKEN TOFU ARE IDEAL

SOUPS AND STIR-FRIES, WHILE SOFT
TOFU AND SILKEN TOFU ARE IDEAL
FOR BLENDED DISHES AND DESSERTS.

>> Narrator: THE ODDS OF WINNING
BIG IN A LOTTERY ARE SLIM TO SAY
THE LEAST.

BIG IN A LOTTERY ARE SLIM TO SAY
THE LEAST.
STILL, WE KEEP HOPING THAT

THE LEAST.
STILL, WE KEEP HOPING THAT
LOTTERY TICKET WILL BECOME OUR

STILL, WE KEEP HOPING THAT
LOTTERY TICKET WILL BECOME OUR
ONE-WAY TICKET TO EXTREME

LOTTERY TICKET WILL BECOME OUR
ONE-WAY TICKET TO EXTREME
WEALTH.

ONE-WAY TICKET TO EXTREME
WEALTH.
EXPERTS SAY YOUR ODDS OF PICKING

WEALTH.
EXPERTS SAY YOUR ODDS OF PICKING
THE WINNING NUMBERS NEVER CHANGE

EXPERTS SAY YOUR ODDS OF PICKING
THE WINNING NUMBERS NEVER CHANGE
NO MATTER HOW MANY PEOPLE BUY

THE WINNING NUMBERS NEVER CHANGE
NO MATTER HOW MANY PEOPLE BUY
TICKETS.

NO MATTER HOW MANY PEOPLE BUY
TICKETS.
LOTTERIES ARE BY NO MEANS A

TICKETS.
LOTTERIES ARE BY NO MEANS A
MODERN INVENTION.

LOTTERIES ARE BY NO MEANS A
MODERN INVENTION.
THE EMPERORS OF ANCIENT ROME

MODERN INVENTION.
THE EMPERORS OF ANCIENT ROME
HELD THEM FOR ENTERTAINMENT.

THE EMPERORS OF ANCIENT ROME
HELD THEM FOR ENTERTAINMENT.
EUROPEAN MONARCHS USED STATE

HELD THEM FOR ENTERTAINMENT.
EUROPEAN MONARCHS USED STATE
LOTTERIES TO HELP FUND THEIR

EUROPEAN MONARCHS USED STATE
LOTTERIES TO HELP FUND THEIR
EXTRAVAGANT LIFESTYLES, AND THE

LOTTERIES TO HELP FUND THEIR
EXTRAVAGANT LIFESTYLES, AND THE
AMERICAN COLONIES HELD LOTTERIES

EXTRAVAGANT LIFESTYLES, AND THE
AMERICAN COLONIES HELD LOTTERIES
TO FINANCE ROADWORK AND

AMERICAN COLONIES HELD LOTTERIES
TO FINANCE ROADWORK AND
CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.

TO FINANCE ROADWORK AND
CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.
PRESSURE FROM THE CHURCH AND

CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.
PRESSURE FROM THE CHURCH AND
WIDESPREAD FRAUD LED MANY

PRESSURE FROM THE CHURCH AND
WIDESPREAD FRAUD LED MANY
COUNTRIES TO BAN LOTTERIES

WIDESPREAD FRAUD LED MANY
COUNTRIES TO BAN LOTTERIES
DURING THE 1800s, BUT

COUNTRIES TO BAN LOTTERIES
DURING THE 1800s, BUT
GOVERNMENTS EVENTUALLY

DURING THE 1800s, BUT
GOVERNMENTS EVENTUALLY
RECONSIDERED.

GOVERNMENTS EVENTUALLY
RECONSIDERED.
THEY JUST COULDN'T RESIST

RECONSIDERED.
THEY JUST COULDN'T RESIST
MILKING THAT CASH COW.

EYE-CATCHING LOTTERY TICKETS ARE
DESIGNED BY GRAPHIC ARTISTS.
A TECHNICIAN TAKES THE DESIGN,

DESIGNED BY GRAPHIC ARTISTS.
A TECHNICIAN TAKES THE DESIGN,
SEPARATES IT BY COLOR, THEN

A TECHNICIAN TAKES THE DESIGN,
SEPARATES IT BY COLOR, THEN
SENDS THE INFORMATION TO A

SEPARATES IT BY COLOR, THEN
SENDS THE INFORMATION TO A
MACHINE CALLED AN IMAGE SETTER,

SENDS THE INFORMATION TO A
MACHINE CALLED AN IMAGE SETTER,
WHICH GENERATES ONE NEGATIVE PER

MACHINE CALLED AN IMAGE SETTER,
WHICH GENERATES ONE NEGATIVE PER
COLOR.

WHICH GENERATES ONE NEGATIVE PER
COLOR.
NEXT, THEY PLACE THE APPROPRIATE

COLOR.
NEXT, THEY PLACE THE APPROPRIATE
COLORED FILM UNDER EACH NEGATIVE

NEXT, THEY PLACE THE APPROPRIATE
COLORED FILM UNDER EACH NEGATIVE
AND EXPOSE IT TO ULTRAVIOLET

COLORED FILM UNDER EACH NEGATIVE
AND EXPOSE IT TO ULTRAVIOLET
LIGHT.

AND EXPOSE IT TO ULTRAVIOLET
LIGHT.
THIS HARDENS THE COLOR NOT

LIGHT.
THIS HARDENS THE COLOR NOT
SHIELDED BY THE DARK PORTIONS OF

THIS HARDENS THE COLOR NOT
SHIELDED BY THE DARK PORTIONS OF
THE NEGATIVE.

SHIELDED BY THE DARK PORTIONS OF
THE NEGATIVE.
WHEN THEY WASH AWAY THE

THE NEGATIVE.
WHEN THEY WASH AWAY THE
UNHARDENED COLOR, THEY'RE LEFT

WHEN THEY WASH AWAY THE
UNHARDENED COLOR, THEY'RE LEFT
WITH A COLOR IMAGE.

UNHARDENED COLOR, THEY'RE LEFT
WITH A COLOR IMAGE.
THEY LAYER THE FILMS TO MAKE THE

WITH A COLOR IMAGE.
THEY LAYER THE FILMS TO MAKE THE
CLIENT A MOCKUP OF THE FINISHED

THEY LAYER THE FILMS TO MAKE THE
CLIENT A MOCKUP OF THE FINISHED
LOTTERY TICKET, IN THIS CASE A

CLIENT A MOCKUP OF THE FINISHED
LOTTERY TICKET, IN THIS CASE A
SCRATCH-AND-WIN TYPE.

LOTTERY TICKET, IN THIS CASE A
SCRATCH-AND-WIN TYPE.
NOW THEY MAKE THE PRINTING

SCRATCH-AND-WIN TYPE.
NOW THEY MAKE THE PRINTING
PLATES -- ONE FOR EACH COLOR OF

NOW THEY MAKE THE PRINTING
PLATES -- ONE FOR EACH COLOR OF
THE DESIGN -- FIRST FOR THE

PLATES -- ONE FOR EACH COLOR OF
THE DESIGN -- FIRST FOR THE
NON-PLAYING AREA, EVERYTHING

THE DESIGN -- FIRST FOR THE
NON-PLAYING AREA, EVERYTHING
OUTSIDE THE SCRATCH ZONE.

NON-PLAYING AREA, EVERYTHING
OUTSIDE THE SCRATCH ZONE.
EACH NEGATIVE GOES ONTO A

OUTSIDE THE SCRATCH ZONE.
EACH NEGATIVE GOES ONTO A
PAPER-THIN ALUMINUM PLATE COATED

EACH NEGATIVE GOES ONTO A
PAPER-THIN ALUMINUM PLATE COATED
WITH A U.V.-SENSITIVE EMULSION.

PAPER-THIN ALUMINUM PLATE COATED
WITH A U.V.-SENSITIVE EMULSION.
THEY EXPOSE THE PLATE TO

WITH A U.V.-SENSITIVE EMULSION.
THEY EXPOSE THE PLATE TO
U.V. LIGHT FOR ABOUT 20 SECONDS.

THEY EXPOSE THE PLATE TO
U.V. LIGHT FOR ABOUT 20 SECONDS.
THIS HARDENS THE UNSHIELDED

U.V. LIGHT FOR ABOUT 20 SECONDS.
THIS HARDENS THE UNSHIELDED
EMULSION.

THIS HARDENS THE UNSHIELDED
EMULSION.
THE REST IS WASHED AWAY IN A

EMULSION.
THE REST IS WASHED AWAY IN A
CHEMICAL BATH, LEAVING THE

THE REST IS WASHED AWAY IN A
CHEMICAL BATH, LEAVING THE
DESIGN IN RELIEF ON THE PLATE.

CHEMICAL BATH, LEAVING THE
DESIGN IN RELIEF ON THE PLATE.
FOR THE TICKET'S PLAYING AREA, A

DESIGN IN RELIEF ON THE PLATE.
FOR THE TICKET'S PLAYING AREA, A
SIMILAR PROCESS IS USED, BUT

FOR THE TICKET'S PLAYING AREA, A
SIMILAR PROCESS IS USED, BUT
INSTEAD OF AN ALUMINUM PLATE

SIMILAR PROCESS IS USED, BUT
INSTEAD OF AN ALUMINUM PLATE
COATED IN EMULSION, THEY USE ONE

INSTEAD OF AN ALUMINUM PLATE
COATED IN EMULSION, THEY USE ONE
MADE OF PHOTO POLYMER, A

COATED IN EMULSION, THEY USE ONE
MADE OF PHOTO POLYMER, A
LIGHT-SENSITIVE PLASTIC.

MADE OF PHOTO POLYMER, A
LIGHT-SENSITIVE PLASTIC.
THE FINISHED PLATES ARE NOW

LIGHT-SENSITIVE PLASTIC.
THE FINISHED PLATES ARE NOW
READY TO GO ON TO THE PRINTING

THE FINISHED PLATES ARE NOW
READY TO GO ON TO THE PRINTING
PRESS.

READY TO GO ON TO THE PRINTING
PRESS.
THEIR RAISED SERVICE WILL WORK

PRESS.
THEIR RAISED SERVICE WILL WORK
JUST LIKE A RUBBER INK STAMP.

THEIR RAISED SERVICE WILL WORK
JUST LIKE A RUBBER INK STAMP.
THE NON-PLAYING AREA GOES ON

JUST LIKE A RUBBER INK STAMP.
THE NON-PLAYING AREA GOES ON
FIRST.

THE NON-PLAYING AREA GOES ON
FIRST.
THIS METHOD IS CALLED OFFSET

FIRST.
THIS METHOD IS CALLED OFFSET
PRINTING.

THIS METHOD IS CALLED OFFSET
PRINTING.
THE PRESS APPLIES UP TO NINE

PRINTING.
THE PRESS APPLIES UP TO NINE
DIFFERENT COLORS, ONE AFTER

THE PRESS APPLIES UP TO NINE
DIFFERENT COLORS, ONE AFTER
ANOTHER, FROM LIGHTEST TO

DIFFERENT COLORS, ONE AFTER
ANOTHER, FROM LIGHTEST TO
DARKEST.

ANOTHER, FROM LIGHTEST TO
DARKEST.
HIGH-INTENSITY U.V. LIGHTS DRY

DARKEST.
HIGH-INTENSITY U.V. LIGHTS DRY
THE INK IN THE MERE HALF-SECOND

HIGH-INTENSITY U.V. LIGHTS DRY
THE INK IN THE MERE HALF-SECOND
BETWEEN COLOR APPLICATIONS.

THE INK IN THE MERE HALF-SECOND
BETWEEN COLOR APPLICATIONS.
NEXT COMES THE PLAYING AREA.

BETWEEN COLOR APPLICATIONS.
NEXT COMES THE PLAYING AREA.
A HIGH-SPEED INK-JET PRINTER

NEXT COMES THE PLAYING AREA.
A HIGH-SPEED INK-JET PRINTER
FIRST APPLIES THE GAME NUMBERS,

A HIGH-SPEED INK-JET PRINTER
FIRST APPLIES THE GAME NUMBERS,
CHOSEN RANDOMLY BY COMPUTER.

FIRST APPLIES THE GAME NUMBERS,
CHOSEN RANDOMLY BY COMPUTER.
INFRARED LAMPS DRY THE INK IN A

CHOSEN RANDOMLY BY COMPUTER.
INFRARED LAMPS DRY THE INK IN A
SPLIT SECOND.

INFRARED LAMPS DRY THE INK IN A
SPLIT SECOND.
A STROBE LIGHT ENABLES THE PRESS

SPLIT SECOND.
A STROBE LIGHT ENABLES THE PRESS
OPERATOR TO DO SPOT CHECKS AS

A STROBE LIGHT ENABLES THE PRESS
OPERATOR TO DO SPOT CHECKS AS
THE TICKETS WHIZ BY AT A RATE OF

OPERATOR TO DO SPOT CHECKS AS
THE TICKETS WHIZ BY AT A RATE OF
16 FEET PER SECOND.

THE TICKETS WHIZ BY AT A RATE OF
16 FEET PER SECOND.
THEN THE PRINTER GIVES EACH

16 FEET PER SECOND.
THEN THE PRINTER GIVES EACH
TICKET A UNIQUE BAR CODE.

THEN THE PRINTER GIVES EACH
TICKET A UNIQUE BAR CODE.
THIS ENABLES TICKET VENDORS TO

TICKET A UNIQUE BAR CODE.
THIS ENABLES TICKET VENDORS TO
SCAN YOUR TICKET TO SEE IF

THIS ENABLES TICKET VENDORS TO
SCAN YOUR TICKET TO SEE IF
YOU'VE WON.

SCAN YOUR TICKET TO SEE IF
YOU'VE WON.
IT ALSO SHOWS WHETHER A WINNING

YOU'VE WON.
IT ALSO SHOWS WHETHER A WINNING
TICKET IS GENUINE OR A FORGERY.

IT ALSO SHOWS WHETHER A WINNING
TICKET IS GENUINE OR A FORGERY.
THE NEXT MACHINE SEALS THE GAME

TICKET IS GENUINE OR A FORGERY.
THE NEXT MACHINE SEALS THE GAME
NUMBERS WITH LAYERS OF VARNISH

THE NEXT MACHINE SEALS THE GAME
NUMBERS WITH LAYERS OF VARNISH
AND APPLIES SIX COATS OF

NUMBERS WITH LAYERS OF VARNISH
AND APPLIES SIX COATS OF
SCRATCHABLE INK.

AND APPLIES SIX COATS OF
SCRATCHABLE INK.
AN ELECTRONIC SCANNER CHECKS THE

SCRATCHABLE INK.
AN ELECTRONIC SCANNER CHECKS THE
POSITIONING OF THE SCRATCHABLE

AN ELECTRONIC SCANNER CHECKS THE
POSITIONING OF THE SCRATCHABLE
INK, MAKING SURE IT HIDES THE

POSITIONING OF THE SCRATCHABLE
INK, MAKING SURE IT HIDES THE
NUMBERS.

INK, MAKING SURE IT HIDES THE
NUMBERS.
THE FIRST THREE SCRATCHABLE-INK

NUMBERS.
THE FIRST THREE SCRATCHABLE-INK
COATS ARE BLACK.

THE FIRST THREE SCRATCHABLE-INK
COATS ARE BLACK.
THE NEXT THREE ARE WHITE.

COATS ARE BLACK.
THE NEXT THREE ARE WHITE.
ALL THOSE LAYERS ARE USED TO

THE NEXT THREE ARE WHITE.
ALL THOSE LAYERS ARE USED TO
KEEP CHEATERS FROM HOLDING THE

ALL THOSE LAYERS ARE USED TO
KEEP CHEATERS FROM HOLDING THE
CARD UP TO THE LIGHT TO SEE THE

KEEP CHEATERS FROM HOLDING THE
CARD UP TO THE LIGHT TO SEE THE
NUMBERS.

CARD UP TO THE LIGHT TO SEE THE
NUMBERS.
NOW THEY CAN FINALLY PRINT THE

NUMBERS.
NOW THEY CAN FINALLY PRINT THE
PLAYING AREA DESIGN ONTO THAT

NOW THEY CAN FINALLY PRINT THE
PLAYING AREA DESIGN ONTO THAT
WHITE BACKGROUND -- IN THIS

PLAYING AREA DESIGN ONTO THAT
WHITE BACKGROUND -- IN THIS
CASE, A CROSSWORD DESIGN.

WHITE BACKGROUND -- IN THIS
CASE, A CROSSWORD DESIGN.
A MACHINE NOW PERFORATES

CASE, A CROSSWORD DESIGN.
A MACHINE NOW PERFORATES
THE ROLLS OF TICKETS SO THEY CAN

A MACHINE NOW PERFORATES
THE ROLLS OF TICKETS SO THEY CAN
BE FOLDED.

THE ROLLS OF TICKETS SO THEY CAN
BE FOLDED.
IT PROCESSES ALMOST 10 FEET OF

BE FOLDED.
IT PROCESSES ALMOST 10 FEET OF
TICKETS PER SECOND.

IT PROCESSES ALMOST 10 FEET OF
TICKETS PER SECOND.
HERE'S WHAT THAT LOOKS LIKE IN

TICKETS PER SECOND.
HERE'S WHAT THAT LOOKS LIKE IN
SLOW MOTION.

THE NEXT MACHINE FOLDS THE
TICKETS ALONG THE PERFORATION
LINES INTO PILES CALLED FAN

TICKETS ALONG THE PERFORATION
LINES INTO PILES CALLED FAN
FOLDERS.

LINES INTO PILES CALLED FAN
FOLDERS.
GOODBYE, SLOW MOTION.

FOLDERS.
GOODBYE, SLOW MOTION.
HERE'S THE ACTUAL SPEED.

BEFORE THE LOTTERY TICKETS ARE

SHIPPED OUT, SEVERAL SAMPLES

UNDERGO A QUALITY-CONTROL

INSPECTION.

THE COMPANY CHECKS THAT THE

TICKETS ARE PROPERLY PRINTED.

IT ALSO PERFORMS A SERIES OF

SCRATCH TESTS AND CHEMICAL TESTS

TO MAKE SURE THEY'RE ABSOLUTELY

CHEATPROOF.

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