Watson (2019) - full transcript

Co-founder of Greenpeace and founder of Sea Shepherd, Captain Paul Watson has spent 40 years fighting to end the destruction of the ocean's wildlife and its habitat.

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Whales fascinate humans

because of their size...

...their social complexity...

...their intelligence.

We know that there's
something there.

They look at you,
they look through you.

They seem to be trying
to, uh, question you.

They don't just see you.
They see through you.

They see your heart beating.
They see your lungs moving.

They see the blood
flowing through your veins

because they're seeing
with their ears

a picture of what you are.

All mammals,

from mice to people,
have three lobes to the brain,

where cetaceans
have four lobes to the brain.

Fourth lobe is almost entirely
of thinking.

Communication abilities.

Who knows
what a whale is thinking?

I believe they're thinking,

They know what we are
and what we're capable of.

lf you had seen

You'd understand

lf you had seen

All the things

That I've seen

You'd scream
like I screamed

I know

I've seen the sky

On fire

Seen the oceans


Seen the mountains


Seen the whole world


- A lot of flags.

Maps, pictures of ships.

Brigitte Bardot, a file.

Charts, you know.

Used charts.

These are just, uh,
different awards and things,

like "Giraffe Award."

For sticking your neck out

or something like that,
I guess.

"Distinguished Global Citizen"
plaque. Whatever.

Just more ph...

Oh, there's some photos here
which are interesting.

That's the seal campaign
of, uh, '79.

Dalai Lama.

There's that

when I was running for mayor.

65 people ran for mayor,

and, uh, I came in fourth.

In fact, I was afraid I was
gonna be elected at one point.

This is another picture
of Mother and I.

- You knew even then?
- I didn't.

You wanted to be a sailor?

I didn't. She did.

I don't know if you saw
the footage where there's a...

knife thrown at us.

So, the guy threw it,

and you see it
coming right over.

Yeah, so, we still got
the keys to the hotel room.

So, I didn't have a chance

to give back their hotel keys
when they, you know,

took... dragged me out.


has issued a Red Notice

for a self-proclaimed

Paul Watson.

Where is Paul Watson?

The Feds are urging anyone

who know of his whereabouts
to contact authorities.

If he were to pop up
in any country,

really, who's part of Interpol,
the police forces

in that country
could arrest him.

Japan is after him, as well.

- Yes.
- Obviously Costa Rica.

"A" and "B" mark.

- "C" mark.

Where would I be...?

It's a very complicated...

Because, uh, when I left...

I first came to, uh, Vancouver,

uh, in late '67,
early '68, I think.

That was when
I first came to Vancouver.

I didn't have any money.
I lived in the gun towers

down on Wreck Beach on, uh...

near the university campus,
and that...

And I tried to work
my way through, uh...

I went to Vancouver
City College, and that...

But I ended up actually getting
a job as a deckhand

on a Norwegian,
uh, merchant vessel.

So, we shipped
out of Vancouver.

Uh, went to, uh, Iraq

and, uh, Mozambique
and South Africa and then back.

And that was, uh...
When I came back,

uh, it was in 1969,
in October of 1969.

Uh, there was a demonstration
at the Peace Arch

on the Canadian-American

and it was, uh, to-to oppose

the, the nuclear testing
in Amchitka.

And out of that group of people
who were protesting,

we formed a group called

the Don't Make a Wave

Two groups.

The Sierra Club,
of which I was a member,

and, uh, the Quakers.

The Quakers were peace
and antinuclear,

and the Sierra Clubs
were the environmental impact

of nuclear testing.

Iwas 18.

I was
the youngest founding member.

We sat down and said, "Well,
what can we do about this?"

And the Quakers
had sent a-a boat

to Bikini Atoll in 1956

to protest
nuclear testing there.

So we decided,
"Okay, let's get a boat."

At one
of the-the early meetings,

somebody left and flashed
a peace sign like that,

and, uh, and Bill Darnell,

who was one of our
early members, said, uh...

He said,
"Make it, uh, Greenpeace."

And Bob Hunter said,

"Wow, that's a great name
for the boat."

So, the boat came
before the organization.

The idea with the...
with the Greenpeace is to...

is to stop the Amchitka bomb.

lwas pretty much
the only one who had

any sea experience.

I went on as first officer.

My green tambourine...

All the, uh, early people

were pretty much journalists
or broadcasters.

I worked
for "The Georgia Straight."

I was a communications major

at Simon Fraser University.

We understood the medium.

Bob Hunter, he was the one

who coined the phrase,
uh, "mind bombs,"

which today would mean
"going viral."

He said, "You know, we got
to throw a few mind bombs

into the media mainstream."

And our last port of call

before making the run
to Amchitka.

Everyone on the ship
is cheerful

and looking forward
to the challenge.

My concern was that it was a...

a wildlife preserve in
Amchitka, and you couldn't take

a gun onto the island,
but here we were

blowing a five-megaton bomb up
underneath of it.

And the shock waves

were killing seals
and sea otters, and that...

So that was my motivation.

We got a terrific amount
of attention on that campaign.

As Bob Hunter said,

"You know, if it-it takes
standing on our head

"and doing silly tricks to get

"the attention of everybody,

then that's what we got to do."

They didn't do
any further tests after.

You know, the old whalers,

going back 1600s, 1700s,

described incredible amounts
of whales that they sighted.

The ocean, of course,
was full of whales.

It's hard to say how many
there were originally.

The American whalers
didn't have to go very far.

I mean, they were right there
on their doorstep.

And then, by 1850,
they were going

all the way around the world
to find them.

They'd wiped them out
everywhere else.

It was the oil industry
of its time.

Whales weren't actually
in focus at all

by Greenpeace, originally.

You are
a child of the universe.

No less than the trees
and the stars.

You have a right to be here.

Paul Spong came to us
and said, "You know,

we really got to do something
about whales."

ljumped on that,
Bob Hunterjumped on that,

and said, "Yeah, let's do
something with the whales."

And, uh, began

the Greenpeace Five mission,
which was

to go after the, uh,
the Russian whaling fleet.

We had no idea where they were.

I would think
that this area here

would be the best one
to go for.

Hello from the Greenpeace Five.

There's just a big, gray ocean
around here.

But we haven't seen
any whales yet.

Against all odds,

we found
the Soviet whaling fleet

about 60 miles
off the coast of Mendocino

in California.

-- There's nine.

- There's nine boats.
- One, two, three, four, five

over there,
there's one by the Voss dock,

and there's three over here.

So, we'll put the Zodiacs out,

run over and have
a damn good look at it.

The first thing we saw
was a dead whale.

That's a goddamn baby whale,

for Christ's sake.
It's only about--

How long is that?

I got off onto that whale and--
to measure it.

Found out
it was an undersized whale.

What do you say, Paul?!

How long do you think it is?!


How long?!

About 18 feet.

We had been talking about this,

what we were gonna do,
for a long time.

Put ourselves between
the harpoon and the whales.

We were reading
a lot of Gandhi at the time,

and we thought that that was--
that was going to work.

I was, uh, piloting the Zodiac.

Bob Hunter and I

that was bearing down on us
at, uh, full speed.

The harpooner
was looking at us.

We could look up there
and see him crouched

behind the, the harpoon,

getting ready to fire.

I would maneuver the boat
to block his path

every time he tried
to take aim.

The Soviet captain came running
down the, the catwalk

and screamed into the ear
of the harpooner.

Then he turned
towards all of us, smiled,

and brought his finger
across his throat,

and that's when I realized

Gandhi wasn't going
to work that day.

And then, a few moments later,

- this horrific explosion.

And a missile flew
over-over our heads,

slammed into the backside

of one of the sperm whales
in front of us,

uh, this pod of eight whales,

and hit a female,

and she screamed, and it was
like this woman in-in pain.

There was blood everywhere,

and, uh, it was
all happening s-so fast.

Suddenly, we saw
the largest whale in the pod.

He rose up and dove

and his-his, his tail slapped
the water.

Uh, like a clap of thunder,

And he just dove
and disappeared

and, uh, he swam
right u-underneath of us.

The next thing we knew, he was
coming out-out of the water,

straight at the harpooner,
to protect his pod.

But they were ready for him.

They knew he would do this,

and they had
an unattached harpoon.

This whale
was thrashing about in agony.

I could see his eye as
he rolled about on the surface,

and he dove.

Coming straight at us
real fast.

He came up and out of the water
at an angle so that

the next move would fall
straight down on top of us.

His head was rising
right beside me.

I mean, so close,
I could actually, uh--

reached up and encircled one
of his teeth with my fingers.

I was looking into his eye.

I could see
the whale understood

what we were trying to do.

He could have killed us.

I saw that eye disappear.

And he died.

Ifeel personally,
uh, indebted to that whale

for the fact
that it didn't kill us.

I saw pity-

Not for himself but for us.

Wh-- How could we do
such a thing?

Why were we doing this?

And that's when--
Right in the water,

I'm sitting in this boat
and I said,

"Why were they doing this?"

You know,
they were killing them for oil.

And one of the things that
they were going to use that for

was for the fabrication
of, uh...

of intercontinental ballistic

That's one
of its valuable uses

in the Soviet Union
at the time.

And I said, "Here we are,

this incredibly magnificent,

"socially complex, self-aware,

"intelligent creature for
the purpose of making a weapon

meant for the mass
extermination of human beings."

And it occurred to me--

we're insane.

It was a major, uh, uh,
turning point in my life.

And from that moment on,
I said,

"l-- Everything I do in my life
will be for them."


After the whale campaign,

I felt, "Well, why don't
we do this in other...

in other areas?"


The seal hunt had always been
a concern of mine.

It was
the largest mass slaughter

of marine mammal population
any-anywhere in the world.

It still is.

It's a ruthless activity,

equivalent to just,
uh, somebody deciding

that they're gonna go
and bash the heads in

to a bunch of kittens, really.

They're totally helpless.

With these big eyes
and everything and--

So I think it takes
a special kind of, uh--

I don't know-- cruelty
in order to, uh--

to-to club them like that.

l-l went
to the Greenpeace people

and said, "l want to do this."

They-- Most of them
were against it.

The idea was to, uh,
save the seals by putting

an indelible organic dye
onto the seal--

baby seal pelts to destroy the
economic value of their pelts.

They kill the baby seals

Well, they won't be getting
white fur.

They'll be getting,
uh, green and white fur.

When we arrived in, uh,
St. Anthony, Newfoundland,

there was a roadblock.

And they had nooses
and they were threatening

to, to lynch us and everything.

Bob Hunter
and Pat, uh, Moore came along.

And, uh,
they got all intimidated.

There are 900 species

on the endangered list,
and Greenpeace is concerned

with all of them.
But one of the species

that's on the endangered list

the Newfoundland fisherman,

and we're concerned
with him, too.

Bob turned over

our packages of green dye

so we couldn't dye
the, uh, seals

and said that they would
only go after the Norwegians.

Here's the-- here's the dye.

Uh, you know,
lfelt really, um, betrayed.

We were good friends.

We went out onto the ice
with a new strategy,

and that strategy was to-to
block the-the sealing vessel.

Look out! The boat's moving!

Blocking the boat.

Bob and I were blocking
a-a Norwegian sealing vessel,

uh, in the ice.

We got on the ice
in front of it.

It kept pushing forward.

The ice was cracking
under our feet.

One of the sealers on the ice
is yelling up at the captain,

saying, "They're not moving.
They're not moving."

I was trying
to coordinate with Bob.

I said, "Okay, if the ice
breaks up underneath of us,

"I'll dive this way,
you dive that way.

"We don't want to dive
in the same pos-position.

So, just-- You go there."

And he said, "l'm not moving."

I said, "Well-well, okay.

Well, I guess
I can't be moving either."

We wouldn't move, and
we actually stopped the boat

in its tracks.

We returned against the seal
hunt the following spring.

We began to confront the
sealers much more aggressively.

I walked up to one sealer.

He was about to kill a seal,
and, literally,

I grabbed his hand and I pulled

the club out of his hand
and threw it in the water.

Then I picked up the seal
and removed it to safety.

They were pulling in piles
of pelts, of bloody pelts,

that were on the ice there,

just pulling them in
across the ice,

through the water,
and up the side of the boat.

So I handcuffed myself
to that winch line

that was pulling in the pelts.

They pulled me across the ice
with that pile of bloody pelts,

and then they pulled me
into the, uh--

into the water and, uh,
up the side of the boat.

Then they dropped it
into the water again

and pulled it up
and then dropped it again

so that I was getting soaked

in the--
in-in the water each time.

Instead of taking me to shore

with the Mounted Police

they pulled me up the side
of the sealing vessel.

Took me all night to recover
because of, uh, hypothermia.

Everybody in Greenpeace
was very supportive

of all of these actions
at the time.

It was only, uh,
two months later

that they condemned me
for them.

Pat Moore became
president of Greenpeace.

He made this accusation
that my campaign was violent.

He lobbied everybody in.

Said that they wanted to vote
me off the board of directors.

It was the best thing
to ever happen,

being forced out of Greenpeace.

Here comes Johnny Yen again

With the liquor
and drugs...

Right from the beginning,
Sea Shepherd was set up

as an anti-poaching

We're not
a protest organization,

so we target
illegal operations.

Fully intend to stop them
from going into the ice pack.

If that includes having to
ram them, yes, we will. Over.

I been hurting
since I bought the gimmick

nonviolence and interventions

against, uh,
poaching operations.

I came
to a very early understanding

that, uh, there are
four elements to media:

sex, scandal
violence, and celebrity.

So, in every campaign,
we had

to exploit those four elements.

The Greenpeace approach
was to hang banners,

take pictures, and observe.

I can't do that.

L-l think bearing witness
and doing nothing else

is very, very cowardly.

Well, what we
deliberately go out to do is

to, uh, protect marine mammals.

And if that involves

then, uh, so be it.

Is it illegal?
Okay, let's go after it.

I feel that it's, uh,

from going out there
and raping and plundering

to their heart's content
and destroying, you know,

the rich treasures that-that
this planet has for all of us.

You don't walk down the street,

see a woman being raped
or a kitten being stomped

to death, and do nothing

but hang a banner
and take pictures.

And you don't watch a whale die

and just hang a banner
and take pictures.

You have to intervene.

Itching once
you buy the gimmick

About something called love

Oh, love, love, love

Well, that's like
hypnotizing chickens...

How many times

would you say
you've risked your life?

Oh, uh, I...
you know, I have no idea.

I have no idea.
I don't keep count of that.

I certainly didn't,
you know...

Yeah, I don't tally that up.

And you've also been quoted

as saying
that you don't ever really fear

for your life when
you're in dangerous situations.

Is that really true?

Yeah. l-l don't... I don't have
that kind of fear, no.

I think that goes back to my
childhood, though, because, uh,

at one point, uh,
I almost died, uh, in a...

Well, on a couple occasions,
I almost died,

and, uh, at the time, ljust
over... you just overcome that.

But I also learned something,
uh, very early,

and that is, if you can
overcome the fear of death,

you overcome the fear
of anything.

I lived
in the Passamaquoddy Bay area,

which had the highest tides
in the world.

You know,
85-foot spring tides.

We were p-playing pirates,
and I got tied to the mast

of a... of a sunken boat
and, uh, forgotten.

We were just playing,
and they forgot,

you know, as kids happen to do.

The tide was coming in, and

the tide kept
rising and rising.

It was up to my chest.

And I was yelling for help,
but there was nobody there.

The horror of, you know,
the-the water rising,

and then the acceptance

that I couldn't do anything
about it.

And then,
as it was getting higher,

then a bunch of teenagers,
uh, heard me

and they came in
and... and cut me loose.

But just prior to that,
I realized

that-that I was gonna drown,
and I accepted that

as that was what was going
to happen.

And I've never been afraid
of anything since.

I was raised
in a fishing village.

I remember lobster traps
over a mile long,

piled high along the road
into-into the town.

You could always tell
the poor people

who went to school
because we went to school

with the lobster sandwiches
on, on homemade bread,

and that was considered
pretty low.

Desperately trying to trade
those lobster sandwiches

for bologna or, uh,
you know, peanut butter.

I'm the oldest
of seven children.

I have three brothers
and three sisters.

When I was about eight, I went,
uh, fishing with my father,

and he was pulling trout
out of the river,

just one after another.

He would catch 30, 40 fish,

and then just take five
or six of them

and just leave the rest there,

because he just wanted
the best ones.

My father was, uh...
was abusive, he was cruel.

He, uh, lacked empathy,
I believe.

I naturally rebelled
against that.

When I was ten years old,
I spent a whole summer swimming

with a family of beavers.

Terrific fun. It was just me
and these beavers.

The next summer,

when I went back to the same
pond, I couldn't find them.

I began to ask questions, uh,
about people around there,

and found out that a...
a trapper had come in

and, uh... and taken them all.

That winter,
I began to walk the, uh...

the-the trap lines
and free the animals

and, uh...
and destroy the traps.

My mother was very kind
to animals.

She was a very kind person.

She even taught us that
you should be kind to insects.

Watch where you walk and that.

She was a very educated person.

I have no idea
why she married my father.

It always bothered me
that she was so passive.

You know, he was very abusive,
both to her and to us.

That always affected me
all my life.

I have absolutely
zero tolerance

for any... any man who,
uh, is that abusive.

He had left my, my mother
with six kids,

and, uh, we hadn't heard
from him for two years,

until he showed up the day
that... after she died.

She died
from, uh, childbirth.

Uh, the baby died
inside her and poisoned her.

I tried to visit her
that night.

They wouldn't let me in
because I had to be accompanied

by an adult.

Then the next day,
uh, uh, she died.

My father--
he took us back to Toronto.

Within a couple of days,

our whole world
turned completely over.

That led to me constantly,
uh, running away from home.

It was always very adventurous.

I never actually knew
where I was going.

The Sierra was the most
notorious of the pirate whalers

that were operating in 1979.

They use the fact
that whales help each other.

Awhale's been harpooned,
and other whales will come

to its assistance
to raise it to the surface

to prevent it from drowning.

And they take advantage of that
to harpoon those whales,

which are coming
to the assistance.

All of these whales have been
killed in areas that are

totally off-limits to whaling.

I had been aware
of the Sierra for a number

of years and, uh, had tried
to, uh, talk Greenpeace

into going after it,

I took the Sea Shepherd
to Boston,

and ljust put out, um, an ad
in one of the local newspapers,

uh, saying, "l need a crew."

We left Boston and, uh,
headed out across the Atlantic.

About a day, uh,
out of, uh, the Azores,

I stopped the ship
because of, uh...

we had hundreds
of loggerhead turtles that were

swimming past the ship.

That delayed us for an hour,
an hour and a half.

Exactly at noon the next day,
I saw the ship.

I could see a big "S"

on the side of the funnel,
and I knew it was the Sierra.

If it wasn't for the turtles
stopping us,

we would have missed them

Right from the beginning,

my intention was
to disable that vessel,

but I couldn't do it out there,
where the seas were very rough,

without risking people's lives.

So I chased it right into
the port of northern Portugal.

There were 20 people
altogether, including myself.

And I call-called the crew
and I said,

"Look, I'm going out
and, uh, ram that vessel.

"And we're going to disable it

"and make sure it doesn't
kill any whales again.

"Now, you all have a choice.

"L can certainly say
that if you stay with me,

"you're probably gonna go
tojail in Portugal.

"Uh, you might even get hurt.
I don't know.

"But your choice--
leave the ship or come with me.

Uh, but you got ten minutes
to make that decision."

So, ten minutes later,
17 crew were on the dock.

But fortunately,

the two that stayed with me
was my chief engineer

and my third engineer.

Three of us took
the Sea Shepherd out

and gave the Sierra
a warning blow in order

to get its crew members up on
deck to see what was going on.

And so,
once they were up on deck,

we came in on the port side
and hit them at 12 knots

full into the midship section
of the ship,

which ripped a six-foot
by eight-foot hole in the ship.

We were going
to hit them a third time,

but they got
their engine started and went

from a dead stop
to full speed ahead.

And as a result of that, their
engine bearings were destroyed.

So the ship has been
permanently, uh, damaged.

Some people criticize us
for saying

that it's a little unfair
to ask people

to risk their life
to protect a whale,

and I don't think
it's unfair at all.

I, uh... You know,
our society asks young people

to, uh... to risk their life,

to give their life
and to take life,

uh, to protect, uh, oil wells

and real estate
and flags and religion.

I feel it's a far more
noble thing to risk your life

to protect
an endangered species

or a threatened habitat.

In Iceland,
they're checking the damage.

Early Sunday, someone scuttled
two whaling boats.

We served warning
on Iceland last...

Paul Watson is

telling the world
they were his men,

of a whale conservation group

the Sea Shepherd Society.

At about 10:30
Vancouver time last night,

uh, our crew were able
to get on board,

uh, two of the ships
and open the sea cocks,

uh, in the engine rooms,
flood the engine rooms,

and sink both vessels.

And they were able
to get themselves

out of Iceland,
uh, this morning.

How many people were involved?

I will be, in a couple of days,
when they're securely back

in their own countries
of origin.

This is really the birth
of terrorism in the name

of the rights of mammals,
because you have decided

-the Icelanders shouldn't
do this. -Terrorism...

Terrorism is
when you cause, uh,

uh, injury or death
to innocent people.

There are no innocent people
involved in here.

You plead guilty, however, to
masterminding this operation.

L-l... I plead responsible,
uh... responsibility for this.

Uh, however,
I don't feel guilty.

I feel quite elated that
we were able to go in there,

get the job done,
enforce the regulations,

the Icelandic whaling fleet,

and at the same time
we were true

to our-our primary objective,
and that is,

we do not cause any injury.

- We have never
caused any injury. -By luck.

- By happenstance.
- Not by happenstance at all.

- Well, tell me how you...
- We could have taken...

We could have taken
all four vessels out.

The only reason
we did not do so is because

there were watchmen
on two of them.

And although
scuttling the vessels

sinks the vessels slowly,

we could not rule out the
possibility of a heart attack.

Therefore, we only took out
50% of the fleet.

Well, you left them the other
half. You'll do that next year.

If we get an opportunity
to do so.

Well, even at this age,
they're pretty docile.

Nice and warm.

Look at the camera.
Look at the camera.

After 1983,

the market
for seal pelts plummeted

because of all
of the exposure.

So there was a...

a period from sort of 1983
until, say, 1995

where hardly any sealing
was taking place at all.

It was only under huge
government subsidies

that it began
to, uh, be rejuvenated, uh,

in the mid-1990s
through into the new century.

The Sea Shepherd Conservation
Society has come up

with an idea
to provide an alternative.

A cruelty-free,
non-lethal form of sealing.

these little white coats here

lose their hair
after three weeks.

It's naturally molted.

It can be collected
and cleaned and made

into products like
bed comforters or clothing.

Gently around the eyes.


I found that
they actually enjoyed it.

So I thought that
I had discovered something

that would be acceptable to

the sealers
and those who love seals.

At first when we went
out to the Magdalen Islands,

I thought
we might not even have a story.

Paul Watson
was going out there,

along with actor Martin Sheen,
not to confront the sealers,

but to offer them
an alternative way

of making a living without
having to kill the seals.

The sealers got
together, and they all started

and went crazy and then

started marching
through the streets.

Uh, the exact words
from the leader was,

"We don't want anything to do

"with a faggoty idea
like brushing seals.

Seals are meant to be clubbed,
not to be cuddled."

Mr. Watson is
not welcome in Magdalen Island.

So, uh, they're going to, uh,

where he's staying
and tell the owner

he's, uh...
he's not desirable here.

Okay, are they
doing that right now? -Yeah.

You need to get out of here
with your film.

They're coming back.

They're coming back
from the airport,

and they're gonna confiscate

They're gonna get
everything, okay?

They're all very angry
and very drunk,

but I wasn't going to,
uh, you know, back down.

They smashed down the door,
and then I was facing

about 50 of them
in a very small room and, uh,

they hesitated,
and then one of them came over

and punched me in the side
of the head, at which point

I was able
to knock three of them down

with a stun gun that I had.

But the others
then just piled in--

it was like an avalanche.

And then it
just broke into a big fight.

Another guy put his fist
through the window behind me

and cut himself-- there's blood
all over the place.

Four police officers came in,
pulled me out of the room,

through a gauntlet of sealers
who were stabbing me

with car keys
and things like this.

I went through, and they
brought me down into the, uh,

parking lot and threw me
into the back of a police car.

Then suddenly a sealer jumps
into the back seat with me.

A brick comes in the...
to the passenger-side window.

Meanwhile, this guy's
punching me in the backseat,

and I had to elbow him
in the side of the head

in order to, you know,
to get him off of me.

And then we took off.

They had called in a plane,

and, uh, they threw me
in this plane-- without a coat,

without any identification,
without any money--

and the plane just took off.

Yeah, he took an ax to it.

Auberge Madeli and...

But, see, the problem is,
I had these in my pocket.

So I didn't have a chance

to give them back
their hotel keys

when they, you know, took...
dragged me out.

I don't know,
somebody brought this. I...


We always consider our clients
to be the creatures

that live in the ocean.

The whales, the dolphins, the
sharks, the fish, the turtles--

those are our clients.

So when people criticize what
we do, we say, "Well, you know,

we're representing
the interests of our clients."

We're not really concerned
with the criticisms of people.

I don't care
if it rains or freezes

Long as I've got
my plastic Jesus.

You know, in, uh, New Mexico,
50... 60,000 people

have gone to the pilgrimage

to see the face of Jesus
in a tortilla.

Back in the late 1980s,

uh, we came across
Cocos Island.

Always we would find poachers,

and I always took the
opportunity to chase them away.

There is a boat coming
right now.

In 2001, we saw

a large Ecuadorian long-liner.

They were catching sharks,

so we intervened.

It became the first vessel
that was actually confiscated

by the Costa Rican courts
for illegal fishing.

- Here.
- Because of that,

we, uh, got a lot of support
from the rangers.

I think that Cocos Island

is the most beautiful, uh,
tropical island.

lt was certainly
the inspiration

for Robert Louis Stevenson's
Treasure Island.

I would dearly love
to have Sea Shepherd partnered

with the Costa Rican government

to protect and defend
Cocos Island once again.

I've seen
the steady diminishment

around that island
over the last 30 years.

Things that are so incredibly
beautiful, pristine and unique,

yet we have to struggle
to protect the ban.

There are certain ecosystems
that, you know,

you have to look at as
sort of the line in the sand.

'Cause if we can't save
Cocos Island,

how are we going to save
other places?

Cocos Island is...

one of the main areas
of shark aggregations

in the eastern
tropical Pacific.

Paul Watson had the idea
that he could come here

and provide
permanent protection.

Randall Arauz is

probably one of
the most prominent defenders

of, uh, of marine ecosystems
in Costa Rica.

He's totally dedicated,

especially to places
like Cocos Island.

What we do is,
we attach tags to the sharks

when they swim nearby us.

We need to know
how these sharks are moving.

If the sharks are resident
in Cocos Island,

then it's Costa Rica's sole
responsibility to protect them.

But if they're moving
to other islands,

then it's also
the responsibility

of these other nations.

Sharks have been one
of the most successful groups

of species
in the history of this planet.

They've been around
for 450 million years.

They have literally
molded evolution.

Every fish in the sea,
its color, its camouflage,

its speed, its behavior,

has been influenced
by this apex predator.

When a shark swims
within feet away from you,

and you get to see the shark
eyeballing you,

that is such a feeling.

You can kind of,
like, imagine the...

the classical music
when you see these sharks

just moving around
so beautifully.

What we've done
over the last couple of decades

is slaughter them to the point

where many of these species
are deeply in trouble.

We kill about 90 million sharks
every year

for, primarily,
the shark fin trade,

because a shark fin is, uh...

there's a big demand for it
in China.

They make shark fin soup, which
really just takes on the flavor

of chicken or pork or whatever
they're cooking it with.

It's very expensive, and
it's set as a status symbol.

It's served at weddings
and special events.

Three basic laws of ecology.

First is the law of diversity:
that the strength

of an ecosystem is dependent
upon the diversity within it.

The second is
the law of interdependence:

that all of the species
within that diversity

are interdependent
with each other.

And the third is
the law of finite resources:

that there's a limit to growth,
a limit to carrying capacity.

And what we do when we, um...

our numbers increase, uh,
beyond what is, uh, healthy,

is we literally steal
the carrying capacity

from other species.

So they have to disappear, and
therefore that's a diminishment

in diversity, a diminishment
in interdependence.

All three of them
working together.

But no species has ever
survived on this planet

outside of those
three basic laws of ecology.

So this is, uh...

I'm trying to figure out
which boat this is.

Oh, this is Steve Irwin,
the voyage from, uh,

Hobart to Fremantle.

So this is
for the Farley Mowat.

And this would be...

for 2006.

So, we literally have hundreds
of these books.

ls there any one of these

that kind of stands out or has
more meaning to you than...?

I don't know, probably the one
from Costa Rica is more...

the more interesting, but...

We found the...

the, uh, this Veradero 1,

and that was on the morning
of, uh, April 22.

I was on my way to Costa Rica
to sign an agreement

with the Ministry
of the Environment to, uh,

to protect Cocos Island.

Uh, Rob Stewart,
making his movie "Sharkwater,"

was on board and he was rolling
the cameras.

We were passing
through Guatemalan waters,

and I encountered
a Costa Rican vessel,

the Veradero 1,

and it was shark finning.

They want to get the sharks
on the boat

and off as fast as they can.

So the shark
is brought on board.

They slice off the fins
and then throw the animal back.

They don't bother to--
to kill the shark.

They just let it fall
to the bottom-- it can't swim,

so it just goes straight
to the bottom and dies slowly.

There's not a lot of value
in shark meat,

but there's value
in shark fins.

Let's say I gave you a box--

this is, you know, about
this big-- and I tell you,

"Don't come back
from your fishing activity

until you're full."

So, let's say you go out there
and you catch one shark.

Well, you bring this one shark,

and you fill
the little box I gave you.

So for that one shark,
I'm gonna give you,

okay, a hundred dollars
for the fins.

Let's say
the fins weigh a kilo.

But if you throw the body away,

you can bring the fins
of 20 sharks in there.

We would never do this

to an animal
that lived on land.

They got another shark.

They did? -Yeah,
they've got two on deck now.

Right here.

Yeah, we're 145 miles
off the coast of Guatemala,

so they're 55 miles inside
the Guatemalan fishing zone.

I contacted
the Guatemalan government,

and the Guatemalan government

gave us permission
to stop them.

They said they drifted, like,
across... across two countries.

There's so much of this
going on in the world.

We got to have it stopped.

They had their lines
in the water,

they were taking,
uh, sharks off those lines,

they were cutting the fins
off those sharks,

and they were throwing
the bodies back into the water.

Right there.

Grab the top.

- Where's the next one?

They want
to pull up the line,

and then it seems that,
uh, they will come with us.


We took them under tow

towards San Jose in Guatemala.


they've decided to run from us.

We're gonna have to go back
and force him back.

They're dragging a shark.

They claimed that I rammed them

and tried to kill them.

If my decision was

to ram them
and try to kill them,

they would be dead.

Yeah, they've
agreed to go to San Jose

in Guatemala voluntarily now.

We were in communication with

the port captain in San Jose.

He knew we were
bringing them in.

And after about 50 miles,

uh, suddenly we are informed

that they're going
to arrest us.

I realized that,
you know, money had

exchanged hands
and so ljust said,

"You know,
they're on their own."

We left and we carried on
to Puntarenas in Costa Rica.

Suddenly, the police
came on board.

I'm the prosecutor
in Costa Rica.

So she is the judge.

Our logbook is here, keep a log

- of everything we do.

I was charged with eight counts

of attempted homicide.

They cannot take sharks
for fins alone.

They cannot fish
in Guatemalan waters.

They cannot fish outside of
Costa Rica without a permit.

- That's illegal...
- We went to court and we showed

the film, and, uh,
they had no choice.

They-- There was
no evidence there to,

to show that
we tried to kill anybody.

So the charges were dismissed
and we went back to the ship.

A few days later, another

boarding came on
with a differentjudge,

and this time I was charged
with eight counts of assault

against the fishermen.

Once again, we went into court
and we showed the film,

and once again,
the charges were dismissed.

And I never heard another thing
about it for ten years.

We've documented everything
that we've ever done.

There's always been cameras
on board the vessels.

Within a media culture,
if it isn't on camera,

it didn't happen.

You think of TV

as quite independent
of the program.

There is a huge technology
involved in TV.

And the effect of that huge
service environment

on you, personally, is vast.

When I
was studying communications

at Simon Fraser University,
I was fortunate to have

a guest lecturer,
Marshall McLuhan.

McLuhan really taught me a lot

about the nature of media.

Just understanding

what media is and, uh,

how media can be utilized.

There's cold media
and there's hot media.

When you have a hot issue, when
it's, uh, being communicated

in a cold medium,
like newspapers,

people aren't really that
involved in it.

They read the news, but they're
not involved in the news.

The television is
the most effective media

to get, uh,
dramatic issues across.

Just jump on that
goddamn dock right now.

You got all the TV cameras.

They threw one
of our people in the water

and you guys are doing nothing!

The might of America's
media has arrived-- ABC, NBC,

"Good Morning America,"
so they've all

come over here
to the Sea Shepherd to talk

to Captain Watson,
which I'm sure,

pleases him to no end.



He was out to make a


Any painter,

any poet, any artist,
any musician

sets out to create an effect.

He sets a trap to catch
somebody's attention.

That is the nature of art.

Another conquest...

And TV is a popular folk art.

We're down here
off the coast of Antarctica,

and behind me is the Nisshin
Maru, which is the largest

whale-killing machine
on the planet.

I went
to all the different networks

to sell this idea.

And I said the biggest show
on Discovery right now is

"Deadliest Catch."
You have a show about

a bunch of men going
into hostile waters,

very cold waters,
uh, to catch crabs.

I can offer you a show
of men and women going

to even more hostile areas,
colder areas,

to protect whales.

It has to be more interesting

than catching crabs every week.

One of the tactics
that we want to do is

try and get people on board
the Nisshin Maru.

If we can get people on board
to be held hostage by

the Japanese whalers,
that will force, uh, Australia

into a very difficult
diplomatic, uh, position.

The reason we wanted to do it

was to create
a global audience.

To make everybody
in the world aware

of Japan's illegal activities
in the Southern Ocean.

Go, go, go, go!

We're on board!

Two of our crew are being held
hostage on the Yushin Maru.

They've tied both of them
to the rails of the vessel.

"Japan Times."

They're taking whales

in the, uh, Southern Ocean--

a whale sanctuary--

in violation
of a global moratorium

on commercial whaling.

Yes, we've got--
we're filming them, actually.

We have a helicopter
right above this,

That one's a little
less scary because

-they aren't surrounded by
people. -Yeah, that-that's

the one we need though, the
one with Giles that's, uh...

- Where he's screaming
like that. -Yeah.

Yeah, that's what I was
thinking, too.

And you can see the photograph

that we have available,

he's obviously in pain.

Two members of the Sea Shepherd

Conservation Society
boarded a whaling vessel.

Yeah, we're destroying
our oceans and we're,

and it's being
done by criminals.

The clown, the international

motley of our time,

the clown is trying to tell us

his grievance.

His job was to tell the royalty

exactly what was wrong
with the society.

He often lost his head
in the process.

Listen up, salty sea dog!

I could not pay people

to do what these volunteers
do for nothing.

We're not that big

an organization, really.
When you look at Sea Shepherd,

its annual budget's
about 12 million.

I compare that
to the Greenpeace budget,

which is $400 million a year.

We're pretty small.

Yes, Captain!

You have to be really,

truly passionate
about the cause

in order to devote
that time, that energy,

and take those risks.

We get volunteers
from all over the world.

At any given time,
there's about

25 different nations

I used to describe
Sea Shepherd as the ladies

of the night of
the conservation movement--

meaning people,

seen with us in the daytime.

Does Poseidon want you?

There is
no right answer, Peter.

He wants me, Captain.
He wants me.

Well, good!

"Oh, the rare old whale,

"mid storm and gale,

"in his ocean home will be,

"a giant in might,

"where might is right,

and King of the boundless sea."

I move away
from this place

In the form
of a disturbance...

Property in our societies

has more value than life.

Property is sacred.

Life is expendable.

Like some
tiny distortion...

The Wailing Wall
in Jerusalem or something,

that is a sacred object.

Whereas the Amazonian

or the Great Barrier Reef
of Australia,

that's considered
just something

to be used and abused.

But really, the property's
already owned.

The bears own the forest.

The whales own the ocean.

We're taking
that away from them.

whales right off their bow.

Right there? See them?

Dude, this sucks.

Hold on, buddy.

These whales are
swimming at 17 knots

to try and get away
from this ship.

I can't get up to them.

It's 14 knots.

Aw, shit.

Can we get any burst of speed?

Oh, this sucks!

Got to get it over.

Hit those bastards.

Come on, keep moving, guys.

- Damn it.
- Look what they're doing.

Keep moving, keep moving.

Oh, Jesus, they're fast.

Oh, they got
this one in a bad spot.

This whale.

Oh, my God.

They just shot it.

We're just not fast enough.

We're just... trying to get by

with what--
the resources we have.

By the middle of,
uh, the 1940s,

it was becoming quite apparent

that, uh, whale populations
were disappearing.

So, uh, international community
got together and formed

the International
Whaling Commission

for the purpose of making sure
the whales didn't go extinct.

But by the mid-'70s,

uh, conservation organizations
begin to get involved

and, uh, begin to have
an influence.

So that ended up
with the decision

to, uh, declare
a global moratorium

on all whaling, uh,
beginning in 1987.

That year is when Japan said,

"Okay, we're not gonna do
commercial whaling.

What we're doing is
research whaling."

Nobody believes that
for a minute,

that it's got anything to do
with research.

The Japanese get away with it
because they're Japan.

a big economic superpower,

and they pretty much just,
uh, you know, flaunt the laws.

Operation Waltzing Matilda

was where we introduced
the Bob Barker.

And also, we were working
with this vessel

called the Ady Gil,
which we didn't own,

but we were in alliance
with Ady Gil

and its captain, Pete Bethune.

His role was,
as a scope vessel,

to go down there
and find the Japanese fleet,

'cause it was a very fast boat.

We might be able to dangle it
in front of them

and kind of wave it around
and get them a bit weary

and make them
change course a bit.

What Bethune did
is started to harass

the harpoon vessels.

Oh, my gosh.


Pete Bethune was just
sitting dead in the water.

Complete lack

of strategic sense, really.

They better turn around.

- Whoa. Whoa.
- Whoa. Whoa.

Oh, my God. They hit it?

They've taken
the whole nose off.

Get-get a heavy line.

We're gonna get
that boat ready.

We can use the gangway if
we can come alongside them.

- That's-that's fucking so sick.
- Put on a survival suit.

Y-You see people?

No. I don't see any people.

Paul. We just had an incident.

The Shonan Maru No. 2

just took the bow
off of the Ady Gil.

It deliberately
turned onto the Ady Gil

and put the lives
of our crew in danger.

We're gonna put a small boat
in the water,

and we're going to assist
our crew.

If you make any move on them
that endangers their lives,

we're gonna...
we're not gonna hesitate

to defend ourselves,
you understand?


We've got some dramatic video
to show you.

A clash in the Arctic Ocean
caught on tape.

One person on the smaller boat
was injured.

Joining me now by phone
is Paul Watson.

It was
our harpoon interceptor vessel.

It's a very fast boat,

and, uh, it's a miracle

that nobody was, uh,
was killed.

Criminal acts
are taking place down here.

Not only
are they poaching whales

but they're assaulting us.

They're damaging our property.

They're, uh,
threatening our lives.

It's a shame we lost
one of the most amazing boats.

Well, as they say, you know,
boats are expendable.

- Species aren't, so...
- Yep.

I heard, uh, that you wanted
to stay on and go back with us,

but I actually
really think you...

You know, it'd be worthwhile
going to Australia

and New Zealand, doing
all the media you can and...

You don't want me to try

and get on one
of these Japanese vessels?

Do you think you can get on
those, uh...?

I'm not saying it's-it's easy,
but it is possible to do.

- Yeah. -And look,
I would like to go to Japan.

- With me having driven
the boat through... -Okay.

If you feel that that's what
you want to do,

I'm all... I'm open to it.
Yeah, certainly.

I see.

It was his intention

to confront the captain
on the Shonan Maru

with the fact that his boat

had been destroyed.

That this be dealt with, uh,

one way or the other.

- You ready?
- Yep. Ready to go, brother.


Okay, going to zero pitch now.

One click's everything's fine.

Two clicks is, uh,

they're making an attempt
to get on board.

- It's been two clicks.
- Shh.

- What was that?

- One click.
- One click.

- It's open.
- He's on board.


They deliberately destroyed

his boat, and there's
no legal repercussions at all.

In fact,
they got away with destroying

a $2 million vessel.

The Japanese response was

to immediately seize him

and then take him back

to Japan and charge him
with trespassing.

This afternoon,

the Shonan Maru 2
docked in Tokyo harbor

with Sea Shepherd's
Peter Bethune on board.

Bethune is expected
to be arrested

on suspicion of trespass.

If convicted, the skipper faces
up to three years in prison.

The prosecutor
had made a deal with him

that if he accused me
of ordering him

to board the Shonan Maru No. 2

that they would give him
a suspended sentence

and let him go,
so that's what he did.

I made a secret deal
with the Japanese prosecutors

in exchange
for a lenient sentence.

And I have apologized for Paul

that my choice of words
were unfortunate.

In my final testimony,
I recanted it

because I said
in my final testimony

that Paul Watson had knowledge
of my boarding,

but he did not order me
to do it.

Bethune did sign an affidavit

saying that he had lied
to the Japanese

in return
for the suspended sentence.

But Japan refused to accept
that affidavit.

Japan put my name
on the Interpol Blue list,

which means
that everywhere I traveled,

I had to be, uh,

and my, uh, whereabouts

had to be reported
back to the Japanese.

I was arrested
in May of 2012 in Germany

as I was on my way
to the Cannes Film Festival

and, uh, my passport
was flagged.

The German officer said,

"Well, there's a warrant
for your arrest."

I said, "Really? From who?"

And he said, "From Costa Rica."
I said, "Costa Rica?

Why would Costa Rica want me?"

The Germans
had me under house arrest

for two months until July.

While I was being held,
the Japanese also

issued an arrest warrant,
uh, to the Germans.

The Germans accepted both
of those extradition requests.

A supporter within
the German Ministry of Justice

called up my lawyer

and said, "You know,
when he goes in on Monday,

he's gonna be detained
and sent to Japan."

And so on Sunday,
I was out of Germany.

Uh, so ljumped bail.

It was a quarter
of a million dollar bail,

but you know, uh,
if I go to Japan,

there's no coming back.

When I left,

Germany complained to Interpol,

and then Interpol
issued a Red Notice.

I drove from Frankfurt
in Germany to the Netherlands

and then got on board
of a sailing vessel,

crossed the North Atlantic
to just off of Sable Island.

Then we went ashore
in Nova Scotia,

drove up to Cape Breton Island,

then drove back to
the Maine-New Brunswick border,

crossed over the border,

then across the United States,
uh, to Los Angeles

and then off
to Catalina Island.

Boarded, uh, another vessel,

which took me to, uh,
the American Samoa,

and then went to Australia,
down to the Southern Ocean

along the coast of Antarctica.

Then up through
the Kerguelen Islands

to Western Australia
to Tasmania.

Then went to Tonga,
New Caledonia, Vanuatu

and spent quite a bit of time
in the South Pacific.

So I was actually able to cross
about halfway around the world

with no papers at all.

From, um, March of 2013
till October 2013,

I was in, uh,
the southern Pacific Ocean.

Pretty much in exile.

On deserted islands
and everything.

So, there was
only two things to do.

One is to collect plastic,

and the other
was to collect seashells.

So, this is
the seashell collection

that I got during that...
during that time.

I was allowed back

into the U.S. by
Secretary of State John Kerry,

who personally intervened
to allow me to come back.

Uh, if I go anywhere
outside the U.S.,

I could be picked up under
the, uh, Interpol Red list.

I have a Red Notice from Japan
for conspiracy to trespass.

Then another one
from Costa Rica

for shipwreck endangerment.

The Interpol Red Notice
is really for serial killers,

war criminals,
major drug traffickers.

I didn't damage anything.

Didn't hurt anybody.
Didn't steal anything.

They've, uh,
severely punished me

for having the audacity

to, uh, oppose
their illegal activities.

I couldn't imagine
doing anything else

than what I've been doing
for the last 50 years.

Do you think
your passion for Sea Shepherd

was at the expense
of your earlier relationships?

Oh, l-l definitely think
that-that when...

I always certainly put
what I was doing

every other consideration,

uh, relationships or whatever.

I met Starlet Lum
when she was, uh,

she was a bookkeeper
for Greenpeace.

She left, uh, Greenpeace
when I did.

We were married in 1979.

Starlet knew
exactly what I was doing

when we got married, but then
after Lilliolani was born,

uh, she wanted me
to not do that anymore.

And I couldn't stop doing that
and get a regularjob.

You know, do I do this,
or do I do that?

And, uh, building Sea Shepherd
was difficult.

And also, the-the issue

of having to go to sea
for so long, you know?

Uh, going...

Taking a campaign
up to Siberia.

Taking a campaign, uh,
to Labrador.

I mean, these things take
months and months and months,

so I had to be away for many,
many months at a time.

I don't think I'm that easy
a person to be married to.

I don't even think

that I was as dedicated
a father to my daughter

because of all of the things
that I was doing,

which were
extremely distracting.

- How are you?
- Fine.

I couldn't put 100%

of my energy into that.

All I could really focus on
was making sure that she was

adequately cared for.

But a lot of things,
I just simply wasn't there.

I have spent
my entire life at sea.

It is frustrating
and disheartening

to not be able to...
to go to sea anymore.

This is a complete copy

of the criminal file.

Every single motion,
every single resolution,

every single fight we have
given during the last 16 years.

This is a terror movie.

Every single page here
is a disaster.

Today, we're going to file

a criminal complaint
against ten judges

of the criminal court
for violation of their duties.

We're accusing them
of prevaricating,

which is ruling
against the text of the law.

It's my conviction
that they have been doing this

with the intention
to harm Paul Watson.

The accusation
from day one was wrong,

and they have been trying
to cover up the mistake.

Costa Rica has nojurisdiction
over this case,

because everything

happened in Guatemalan waters.

It's very simple.

The statute of limitations
has run,

and they keep pushing
to keep this case alive.

I don't know why.

Recently, there was an election

in Costa Rica.
The Costa Rican

government appears
to want to work with us.

The sea is the home

to three-quarters of life
on this planet.

Life started in the ocean.

Water that's in your body right
now was once locked up in ice,

was once flowing underground.

It was once in the sea,
it was once in the clouds.

The lifeblood of the planet.

We shouldn't call it
"the planet Earth."

It is "the planet Ocean."

Heavy gear fishing
is strip-mining the ocean

at an incredible rate.

You have longlines,

anywhere from ten miles
to 100 miles long.

Baited hooks
every ten or 20 feet,

clear-cutting the ocean.

Purse seine nets
surround a school of fish.

It's like a drawstring purse,
so it closes on the bottom.

Then they just scoop the fish
out of the net.

Bottom draggers not only catch
fish, but also destroy habitat.

Coral reefs, rocks,
everything like this.

Fish need structure
in order to survive.

So it's basically
destroying the ecosystems

that the fish need
for their own survival.

Gill nets.

The fish comes in,
and then when they back up,

their gills get stuck
in the net,

and they can't back up.

They have to move their gills.

If they can't do that,
they're going to drown.

The worst one: drift netting.

Long nets up
to a hundred kilometers long.

It's like a curtain of death
hanging in the ocean.

They've been outlawed
since 1997,

but they continue to be used.

Each and every day,
fishing vessels lose nets.

These become ghost nets

that remain in the ocean
after they're lost

and continue to kill forever.

On average, about 40%

of the fish
that we buy in supermarkets

or in restaurants
has been caught illegally.

There are
ten million fishing boats

on the world's ocean right now,

taking everything they can,
whenever they can,

wherever they can,
by whatever means necessary.

The fishing industry
has the capacity

to destroy civilization.

I firmly believe that.

If we lose fish in the ocean,
then, uh, I believe,

oceanic ecosystems
will collapse.

And, uh, if that happens,

then life on land
will be severely impacted.

I don't think
that human beings will be able

to survive in a world
without-without fish.

Bluefin tuna.

Kiyoshi Kimura,

owner of the Japanese
sushi restaurant chain,

paid $1.76 million
for the first bluefin,

which weighed 489 pounds.

Uh, previously in 2012,
he had paid $736,000 U.S.

For the first one.
That was 593 pounds.

But, uh,
the price rose from the '70s,

has risen about 10,000%.

The economics of extinction is

that there's money to be made
by driving the species extinct.

Mitsubishi has tuna
in their warehouses right now.

They could supply their market
for the next ten to 15 years

with what they have
in the warehouses.

They could stop fishing tuna
tomorrow and give it a time

for a recovery,
but they won't do that.

And the reason
they won't do that is that if

the tuna populations rise,
the price

of their tuna
in the warehouse goes down.

lf the bluefin tuna were
to go extinct,

then they're sitting
on a priceless commodity.

Uh, bluefin tuna's
the most valuable

wild animal in the world.

The scarcer they become, the
more... the higher the prices.


So it's...

We look upon
everything in the ocean,

from phytoplankton
to the great whales,

as equally important
and deserving

of defense and protection.

The blue whale is
the largest whale

that has ever existed.

Bigger than any dinosaur.

I mean, this is an animal

with a heart
the size of a Volkswagen.

Any one feeding,
they can take six tons of food

into their mouth.

And each day, they defecate
about three tons of manure,

heavily rich
in nitrogen and iron.

The whales speed
at deep depths.

They bring that food up
when they digest it

and deposit the feces
on the surface.

That's where the-the plankton
gets to graze on it.

Whales are the farmers
of the ocean.

They literally cultivate crops
of phytoplankton,

these microscopic plants
which then, in turn,

feed the zooplankton,
which then, in turn,

feed the fish and everything,
and that goes all the way up.

The phytoplankton provides,
uh, 80%

of the oxygen
that's on our planet.

In fact, the smallest creatures
in the sea

are ecologically
the most important.

We've had
about a 40% diminishment

of phytoplankton population
since 1950,

and I think
that is relative to the fact

that we've diminished so many
marine mammals in the ocean.

If phytoplankton were
to disappear,

then we wouldn't survive.

We are here because there's
phytoplankton in the ocean.

Well, I credit the Japanese

for the fact that I-I met Yana.

I met her through Facebook,
of all things.

I had made a comment
about music.

She was an opera singer.

We had a couple of weeks of
just questioning back and forth

on different things
about music, and...

and then we were married
on February 14 of 2015.

There. There.


-- There.

Now I feel

that I can put energy
and effort

into my son, Tiger.

I do have regrets

that I couldn't do that
with my daughter.

And I think the difference
was simply my age.

In my 30s,
I wasn't as committed to that

as I am now.

Every time
that there's an action,

there's a reaction, and you
have to spin that reaction

so that it works
to your benefit.

Iwas able to...

enter a relationship
and have a child,

which would never have happened

if it wasn't
for these Red Notices,

and now I can't even imagine
what it would have been like

if I didn't have those
Red Notices issued against me.

My life would be
radically different and, uh,

not necessarily as good.

I don't think
it's really necessary

to have one person

as sort of, uh, the leader.

An organization
can have a leader,

but a movement
doesn't really have a leader.

To do this job,

you have to be able to write,
you have to be able to talk,

you have to be able
to navigate a vessel,

and most of all,
though, you need to have

the courage to, uh, to commit.

I'm gonna push in
against the Sun Laurel.

Peter Hammarstedt
really illustrated

that courage when he blocked
the Nisshin Maru

from refueling.

They've got us.
Pushing us into the tanker.

Roger that.

Nisshin Maru, Bob Barker.

You are pushing us
into the tanker.

You're gonna create
an environmental mess.

Stay clear of me.

Nisshin Maru, Nisshin Maru.

This is Bob Barker.

- Stop, stop! - Stop this position.

- Stop...
- Oh!

Nisshin Maru,
this is Bob Barker.

Iwill not move.
lwill not move.

If you have any intention
of conducting your

illegal whaling operations
or your illegal refueling,

you will have to sink me right
here next to the Sun Laurel.

Iam not going to move for you.

In 2006, uh,
you know, up until then

we only really had one ship.

And after that we had two.
Then we had three.

Then we had four.
Of course--

Well, that's the entire
eastern coastline of Africa.

Alex Cornelissen joined
as a cook in the Galapagos

in 2002.

"Locky" MacLean,
he also did the same.

And, uh, now they're
both captains.

Well, I wanted to hear back

from the French authorities

on the, on the partnership...

Lamya Essemlali joined in 2005.

She went back to France and
organized Sea Shepherd France.

She now has 19 chapters.

What Japan has done
is actually

make Sea Shepherd
much stronger.

I had resigned from all of
the boards on Sea Shepherd.

I resigned from
the Sea Shepherd USA board,

I resigned as captain
because I didn't want to

implicate everybody,
because they were

coming after me personally.

I didn't want to bring
everybody down with me.

Do you want me to put out
a call out for volunteers

from outside Europe?

In December of
2012, that's when we decided

that we had to set up
Sea Shepherd Global.

We have over a dozen
partnerships now

with various nations
around the world

to help patrol their waters.

It's a program that's expanding.

We're getting more
and more requests.

I hear you just came
back from your weekend, uh,

pleasure trip out there.

The-the two vessels
we just arrested

up in the north of Gabon,
so we're escorting them

down into Libreville now
for detention.

What flags are they?

They were Chinese flags.

It's actually the first time
that Chinese flag vessels

have been arrested
in this part of Gabon.

And the Ministry of Fishery
has made it very, very clear

that if they want to fish
in Gabon,

they need to be licensed
to fish here.

And, uh, I think she's gonna
use these two vessels

to set an example.

What we have now
is a movement,

and a movement is bigger
than an individual.

It's bigger than
an organization.

Sea Shepherd France,
Sea Shepherd Germany,

Australia, New Zealand, Italy.

They're all independent.

- Hey, Rob.
- Hi, Tiger.

Hi from Scotland.

People tend to disagree
with us.

They think that we're too
in other people's faces,

that we're too aggressive,

that, uh, we're too

Well, those are all
just opinions.

But it doesn't impact
what we are.

This is what we are.
We are controversial.

I've always said that
if you want to be

an effective conservationist,
you gotta be prepared

to say things that people
don't want to hear,

and do things that people
don't want to be seen done.

You have to rock the boat,

and you have to
piss people off.

And if you're not doing that,
then you're not doing yourjob.

You know, w-we try to get
messages out every day.

What's happening with animals,

what's happening
with the environment.

People either listen,
or they don't listen.

And generally,
they don't listen.

We have an incredible ability

to justify anything we want.

We justify our cruelty,

we justify our selfishness,
our greed.

It's very easy to do.

And because of that,
that's one of the reasons

that these-- a lot of these
problems never get solved.

We just sort of sweep them
under the rug

inside our brain and,
uh, carry on.

- Papa.
- Mm-hmm?

You gonna sit down?
Let's sit down.

Come on. Waiting for Mama.

I don't believe
in retirement, never have.

You know, I'll be doing
what I'm doing

until, uh...
to the day I die.

And I'll send it to you...

We have a navy now.

It's the largest nongovernment
navy in the world.

Navies are run
from various locations.

If I have to run it
from a desk,

then that's where
I'm going to run it from.

We're not gonna stop
what we're doing.

The Earth is a spaceship.

It's on an orbit around
the Milky Way galaxy.

It takes 250 million years
to make one revolution,

going at a terrific speed--

thousands of miles per minute.

And the spaceship,
like any spaceship,

has to have a life-support

And that life-support system,
primarily, is our ocean,

which manufactures the oxygen
that we breathe,

provides food to eat,

regulates the temperature
and the climate.

And a life-support system
has to be run by a crew.

Whales and phytoplankton
and bacteria.

We're not really crew members;

we're passengers
on spaceship Earth.

What we're doing as humans
is killing off the crew.

There's only so many
crew members you can kill

before the mechanism begins
to break down.

If the ocean dies, we all die.

We don't live on this planet
with a dead ocean.