Don Bosco (1936) - full transcript
The Italian Film Company LUX Turin Presents
In Piedmont, at Montferrat (Northern Italy)
A day of Winter of 1825
Excellent! Excellent! Excellent!
Come here. What's your name?
Bosco Bosco ... ...
Are you the son of Margarite?
Oh! I would never recognize you!
Sure you don't remember me
You were so small when I used to visit your home
Before the dead of your poor dad
Great, little John
Sure that small birth is grateful to you
What are you reading?
Oh, the Catechism.
So you are going to school.
No? How is it possible?
Because my brother Antony doesn't want
How can he say he doesn't want?
He says I have to work at the fields with him
What a man
But you would like to study?
Are you sure?
Ok, now listen
Anytime come to meet me at the Parish
Ask for Fr. Calosso
We will see immediately if you really want to study
If it is true, I will speak myself with your brother
Did you understand?
Then, let it in my hands
Don't forget... I wait for you
Let's go to the fair on Sunday?
Yes, let's go
I'll pick you at 6
Is it too early?
No, it's okay
Okay, take care. Bye, Margaret.
It is almost ready
Take a sit
Enjoy your meal
When you have to work as I do
Joseph! Ask Johnny to hurry up
Maybe he's not hungry
For what he is doing
Good evening, mom
Good evening, mom
Good evening, Johnny
Grandma, come also you
I told him that I don't want to see books at the table
They were three magicians
One night observing the sky they realized
there was a new star
They said: This Star means that it has been born
the Savior of the World
Let's go to look for Him
They took gifts to bring with them
Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh
Stop! Let me do it
Listen: You did it to anger me
and it's not the first time coming to disturb
and it will not be the last time too
Maybe. But this time I want to give you a lesson
What lesson? You're good only for preaching
Listen: If you were talking like this some days ago
I would put you in your place with this
But today I want to do differently
I will show you that preaching made me good
and my legs are better than yours
I don't have time to loss
Look... do you see that path over there?
Let us do a good deal
If you win, you can call me a good for nothing
If I win...
What would you do to me?
If I win, you will come to read the preaching
Okay! Let's do it
(All shearing "Johnny, Johnny"
They left, they did a long travel
While the walk, the Star was always behind them
as it was showing the way
First arriving Bethlehem, where Baby Jesus was
they passed through the big city of Jerusalem
(Reading in Latin: non scholæ sed vitæ discimus - "We do not learn for school, but for life")
Heaven does not change the run across the sea (They change their sky, not their soul, who rush across the sea)
Very good, really good.
Have you seen it?
We have done in 5 months
what others do in 2 years
I told you
other 5 months and you are ready for preparatory
But there is a cost to enter the preparatory?
Sure, there is a cost
But don't worry... any saint will provide for it
Forget it for now and get to the present
Eh... for tomorrow you will translate
from here to here
Did you understand?
like this, the young gentleman would become a great man
and so we are so burst farmers, right?
Can you stop your story with that boy?
What he did to you?
but if this time goes like this
we will not have bread this winter
and the little left would be for those who won it
that's what I have
Look at that
maybe I exaggerate
... from the bad time of that fall came a strong winter
and the famine affected even worse the farms
already proven by political and economical events
Fr. Calosso is sick
he wants to see you
go to the Parish
Are you better?
In a short
I will be done
leave for a moment
let's go, come out
listen... take it
take this key
of that furniture there
use everything you will find inside
it's for you
there are 6 thousand lire
6 thousand read
to continue your studies
Fr. Calosso... I...
Did you study the lesson for today?
Now get to my desk
take my book
Reading in Latin: Non Nobis Sed Patriae (Not for ourselves but for our country."
Today many master name "Many Masters"
The human mind is no different fronts ( "Do not judge a man by his face but by his deeds").
Pity that boy... he loved him, as a father
Did you see his relatives? how they came in hurry after 10 years of absence?
Come a moment there
Tell me, Johnny
did Fr. Calosso give you anything before his death?
Did he talk to you about me?
of his nephews?
He gave me this key
It was right what I was looking for
Well, he is for the vocation
Yes, there is not doubt about it
So let us send him to Chiere... there is a school there, a seminar
but who will pay?
well, any saint will provide
Let us wait for it... because with the work I have done
I have not possibilities
They send this for Johnny
Is it grain?
I know that neighbors will send gifts
See that you need a lot things to become a good priest
now let's go because we need to be in Chiere this evening
Sorry if I have done wrong... be good, eh
Here it is your way
This is only 5 lire
so, here we have grain... 2,50
then everything comes to 6 points, okay?
1 shield, 10, 20, 30, 40, 45, 50 ...
This is one book
This is geography
and this is the Latin grammar
When you will learn all this, you will become a professor
It was the beginning of a long period of study
In order to sustain himself
Johnny dedicated to different jobs
the advance of his future ministry of work
Hey, Johnny, still working at this time?
Are you mad?
I am not working... and tomorrow it's the exam
You will damage your health
Well... Bosco, John
The Standard better than his best time (Excellent)
The teachers' council
gives you the license with the certification of "Plus quam optime"
Now... what are you going to do?
Are you going back home?
No, I would like to enter the Seminary
All philosophers accept the veracity of this thesis
the will of happiness provided in us by nature
the alpha and omega of all our desires
it is the beginning and the end of all human activity
Now, for next lesson, prepare the 1st article of the 4th chapter
and you, Bosco
get the notes made on the notebooks
And now, dear Comollo, aren't you going to study right now?
Come with me at the yard for some sport
No, I don't want to run
But, don't you understand that it is the only way to recover from your weakness? let's go
The great spiritual friendship that joint the son of Montferrat to his companion Comollo
would give way to a extraordinary episode in the life of young cleric Bosco
Saint Bernard of Sienna
demonstrates courage and devotion to the Blessed Virgin
the minor frays that practiced their rule
under some clauses gotten from the Holy See
brought the Pontificate of Innocence IV
in name of monastic frays
(Continue reading in background)
(Praying in Latin)
Sir, Comollo is sick
...I will come to tell you if I will get the salvation...
the dying promised to his friend...
Bosco! I am saved!
Two years after, on June 5, 1841, Cleric Bosco was ordained priest
(Singing in Latin)
(Ordination rite in Latin)
This stole of innocence represents the Lord
Do you promise to me, successor of the apostles,
reverence and obedience?
The peace of the Lord will be always with you
...the already Don Bosco celebrated the Mass with great commotion before to Whom he had prayed too much
Is any feast today?
Sure, there's a feast... it's the first Mass of Don Bosco
the son of Margaret
End of the First Part
From the long economical crisis
people from rural areas came to the citties
with the hope to get something
they were welcome by those who made
the pain of the poor even harder
You... how is it that you are here?
are you homeless?
Well, what's up?
you have done something wrong
and you are shy to go back home
Is it true?
Tell me, what's your name?
Where do you live?
Tell me where do you live?
Tell me, is this the place where Carin lives?
(A woman is singing very strong in the neighborhood)
Are you the mother of Carlin?
I came to meet him... is he at home?
No, he isn't.
He is never here
Maybe he is at the tavern
But please come in, Father
(People around cheering)
What's up with you, idiot?
You are cheating!
It is he! Carlin!
Do not! Do not!
Do not! Do not! Do not!
Don't hit him!
Please help him
(People try to calm the mother saying he is okay)
Well, did you realize that he did not plan it?
If you did not provoke him, now you wouldn't be here
Eh? Tell me
Did you realize?
Yes, but he should not...
I repeat you that he is very much repentant
and you should not deny him the pardon
Now I go to meet him at the jail
and I will tell him that when you two meet, you will shake hands
Prison for minors
Don Bosco, I will tell the others that you have arrived
I have a good news for you
Where do you think you are? At the tavern?
Who wants to get confession?
What about you?
All of you go to hell
But it is Don Bosco the confessor
Call Don Bosco! Don Bosco! Don Bosco!
Did you hear?
Remember what I told you. As soon as you are free, come to meet me
Don Bosco ...
Yes, I heard
He has the death penalty
Let me alone with him
Put your hands inside mine
Do you feel better?
Now say with me
Full of Grace
Full of Grace
The Lord is with you
The Lord is with you
Blessed are you...
Hey Don Bosco, these are utopias... the world is done like this
There are poor people and there are rich
However my dear, something should be done
Still I don't see it clear, but I am sure
that with the help of God, something I can do
What do you do? What do you want?
Have you come to help in the Mass?
No, I cannot do
Then... what you have come to do here?
Now, get away, get away, who told you to enter the Sacristy
Listen, don't send away that boy
Come here, come here
Hey Tony, is this the way to deal with my friends?
Is he your friend?
He is my friend
Sorry Don Bosco, I didn't know it
They wanted to send you away, eh?
What's your name?
Do you have dad and mom?
Are you working?
What do you do?
Oh, construction worker
and what do you do in Sundays?
Bad deal... now I will get you something for Sundays
Do you know how to read and write?
Do you know the catechism?
Well, you must know to do something?
Do you know how to sing?
The 1st Oratory was born on December 8 that year
from that meeting with that boy sent by the Providence... in few months...
Wonderful! Now, let us go out to play
Just a moment
It is now six months since we opened the Oratory
and I don't tell you the situations that your happiness have given to me
Especially those football players
but let us agree something: I don't want to see sad faces
but also broken glasses, eh
are we agree now?
Now go to play, go
See Borel, this is a new thing for you
since some years ago I thought about it
I understand, Don Bosco
Will you help me for now? You will need a lot of patience and good lungs
Just look that... Hey
I told you not to enter that place
that's not our yard
How can I tell you?
Sorry Reverend, are you Don Bosco?
The inspector of Palace Gate would like to talk to you immediately, if it is possible
In order to understand the fact
to justify the gathering of 500 or 600 boys
I have here denounces of honorable citizens
that feel disturbed by the behavior of your boys
or those guys, as you prefer to call them
I will read you any
here this one
I inform you His Excellence that the current day
a group of boys led by a priest
have invaded and ruined a field of my property
for a lost of 245 lire
I inform Your Excellency
that a garden.... a garden
has been invaded by the boys as far as 100 meters
still another one very dear
where is it? Here it is
I have demonstrated that the harvesting in my property
has been completed
it is supported by all these accusations
I am ready to the highest indulgence, but I guess that
all these peoples and complains will create tensions
with the municipality
This municipality has demonstrated to now
how to care with so much commitment
the civil order and social discipline
It is not hate that promotes me
but the defense of immortal principles
that are the foundations of a modern nation
nothing avoids us to think that this priest
loyal to the politics of the temporary powers
has all the intentions to transform at the first opportunity
these homeless boys into conspirators
For this reason I propose formally
to make a search at the house of Theologian John Bosco
Just look how they reduced my room
and you said nothing?
What should I say?
When I saw the more compromising letters
that are debts, I proposed them to help me pay, but they did not accept
What is up now?
Oh, the Filippi brothers
Rev. Fr. John Bosco
It has been a very difficult day for our Oratory
(The letter says that the owner of the land gives to Don Bosco 15 days to leave the yard, because the neighbors are complaining.)
No, no... I don't want to disturb you
Reverend, they told me that you were looking for a new place for your boys
Yes, true, why?
Because I have my land here nearby
with a canopy... maybe could be your house
It is right near here
we could pay a look
Thanks, I go immediately
Here Don Bosco, your boys would be protected from sun and raining
My land is until there
Then to that line
then it is this wall
it is big, right?
yes, the land is okay
but this canopy here... it needs to be repair
I understand the good will
It is an occasion for the boys, carpenters, to do something
But the house was not enough... the boys would need a mother.
Don Bosco brought Mamma Margaret, who left her native house
Come on, mom
here we are
look, mom, what do you think?
Is it big, right?
Yes, big, but it lacks everything here
it lacks comfort, but...
the essential is here
and then look at here... here She is
look how beautiful she is
with Her help and your help
you will look how all here will be transformed
Get up and let me do
look how it is done
do you see?
From that modest workshop more rich in Faith than in resources
comes the origin of that poem of the Professional and Agricultural Schools for the world
Salesian School of Agriculture
Salesian Printing Press - Turin
It was enough the means of the first printing press to spread the thinking of the Founder for the youth expressed in the PREVENTIVE SYSTEM
I read your book, Don Bosco and I appreciate your theory
but I have my doubts on its practice
Your Excellency, I am here to give you a demonstration
the proposal to lead 300 inmates from prison
has produced fear in the authorities
have you thought in the kind of responsibility it takes?
If there is any fugitive, for example?
Don't worry, His Excellence, there will not be a fugitive
I request you not to send also guards
I want to assume myself the responsibility
trust in me, His Excellency
Okay, I will please you
Hey boys, today myself and the guards take a rest
Don Bosco got from the Ministry the permission for you
a full day of freedom
but let us be clear
day of freedom that will end exactly at 5
5... is it clear?
I want to give you only one recommendation
think on the great responsibility
the great responsibility that he assumes
Is it okay?
Now well, bye Don Bosco and may the Heaven help you
Come here with me
As you see, still 5 missing
you are too optimistic, Reverend
you see in this fact a simple late
Instead I see a real escape
I remind you that I know those young men
I can't get that they would like to escape
for me, it is useless to wait now
my inmates, that I know better than you, I am sure will not come back
Instead I am sure they will be back
That's okay, so wait for them here
Good evening and good luck
I have a lot experience for many years
but the day you will miss
what would become your works?
Yes, I would like to form a group of persons following my style
living now with me at the Oratory
but if the government is suppressing many religious orders
and it is thinking to suppress even more
how could we think to create another one?
let me do... I know very well the law of suppression
it does not let any opportunity
but it is enough that you form a society where every member keeps his civil rights
be submissive to the laws of the State
pay the taxes and...
The Oratory of Saint Francis of Sales
In the room of Fr. John Bosco
called by him and he is present
in meeting with Fr. Lazonati Vittorio
Angelo Savio, Deacon
Rua Michael, Sub-Deacon
French Johan Battist
Celestino Durando, Cleric
with the goal to keep the real charity required to run the Oratory
for the abandoned youth and in danger
for this reason, they agreed to live in society
On December 18 of the Year of the Lord
01:10:33,613 --> 01:10:42,873
1859: 22 Salesians, 1 house
1935: 20,000 Salesians, 200 houses
millions of students and past pupils
18 years after the foundation of the Salesian Order, in 1972 Don Bosco completed his educational program founded the Daughters of Mary Help
Oh, it is you
Oh, Don Bosco, another travel?
Yes, but this time I will not going to do it
do you remember that dream I had long time ago?
of those wild people, in far and mysterious lands
that at the presence of our priests, they through away the guns
they knelt and prayed with them
at the foot of a great Cross?
Yes, I remember it very well
It is many months already I was asking to the Providence for enlighten.
about the meaning of that vision
now my prayers have been answered
look at it... read
The consul of Argentina invited me to send our priests
There the Word of Christ still to arrive
but it will be our mission to send it there
We need courageous young men
with enthusiasm and full of Faith
I have said that it is neccesary couraoug young men
full of enthusiasm and full of Faith
for this reason I have chosen you
that I have chosen you, Cagliero
You, Fagnano, Catini, Tomatti and Aladena
and you, lay brothers and masters of song
you, even if you are few
you will be as a small seed of the Bible that will produce a big tree
Go... still I recommend you one thing with special attention
the painful situation of many Italian families
living dispersed in that land
for those that the misfortune or misery
have brought them to a foreign land
be as brothers
On the path of those first missionaries and sisters, came many others, bringing civilization and Faith
To the program of the organization, miracles came
Many foreign cities disputed the honor to welcome the Italian Salesians, welcoming Don Bosco as a saint
See... now even to walk I have to make it with you
soon you will have to do things alone
I am already tired
but take a little rest
my real vacations are near to start
Oh, Don Bosco, what are you saying?
To Don Bosco still to make a good conclusion
sit down, Street
and don't get afraid
the fatigue and the sacrifices will be many
but think that here we are on the small Pinardi's house
where 40 years ago my mom entering the door
and looking around very worry said
here lacks everything
she was right
but She was already there ready to welcome us
to Her I have spoken morning and evening
and everything done it's Her work
even what it is to be done
and what you will do and the others after you
will be Her work
the Oratory, the workshops, the school, the missions
will be multiplied
and you will be thousands
and moving cities and land, your good works will come
you look at me as 40 years ago
when some persons thought I was mad
but you know that I was right
believe me... the key of the secret
it's always this one...
work and pray
work and pray
From all serenity of the "good conclusion" all sons in the world knelt down in humble prayer.
On January 31, 1888, at the first hours of the morning...
40 years after, on April 1, 1934, Pope Pious XI, canonized Don Bosco.