Earth Live (2017) - full transcript

Jane Lynch and Phil Keoghan take viewers on a journey around the world, focusing on some of the most spectacular wildlife.

JANE: Tonight we're going to take you
on a trip around the world,

an adventure the likes of which
you've never experienced before.

Live and in real time.

We'll take you to exotic places

to show you man
and woman-eating bull sharks.

Take this as a warning.

Tonight, some animals will be dining

and others will be dinner.

Monkey business in a city
in Northern India.

Pursuing the elusive ocelot
in the middle of South America.

Cheering for the weaver ants in Australia

to finish building their winter home.

Up close to the ferocious hyenas
in Africa.

We've assembled the dream team
of award-winning cinematographers.

Africa expert Bob Poole.

The world's number one shark cameraman,

Andy Casagrande.

She's filmed lions for over two decades,
Sophie Darlington.

National Geographic Society explorer,
Sandesh Kadur.

And 20 years leading expeditions
around the world, Steve Winter.

Fifty-seven state of the art cameras,
28 locations,

and 17 countries on six continents.

Tonight, expect the unexpected
on Earth Live.

In a way only National Geographic can,

tonight we invite you to celebrate

the truly astonishing diversity
of life on this planet.

Fact is, we're just one species on Earth

but we share it with
up to ten million other species.

And for once, it's not about us.

It's all about them.

So for the next two hours,
we will enter their worlds

to better understand
the home we all share,

and I'm your host, Jane Lynch.

So happy to share the honors with the man
who's been to over 100 countries.

Who's bet-- Who's bet--
better to lead our expedition

than The Amazing Race's
amazing Phil Keoghan?

PHIL: Jane, I'm really excited
to be here with you tonight.

We are live in New York.
This is our headquarters.

And we are live all over the world

with wild animals
in their natural habitats.

And what we're doing, it's unprecedented
and it's so exciting.

JANE: Yes, and for the first time,
we're going to be up close and personal

with some extraordinary creatures.

Speaking of which,
extraordinary creatures,

we're joined with our resident expert
on all creatures

with four legs, six legs,
wings, fins, tails,

our zoologist, Chris Packham.

CHRIS: Jane, thank you very much, indeed.

And thank you both for this invitation
to cross the Atlantic

and join in this live TV safari.

Tonight is going to be a great night

because tonight the animals
take over the Earth.

And that's just how it should be.

LYNCH (off screen): I love it.

Now, a word about
how this is going to work tonight.

-PHIL: Yeah.
-JANE: We don't know

how this is going to work tonight.

It's never been tried before
on this scale.

And because we're live,
be prepared for interruptions,

because at any moment, we could switch
to the action in another location.

PHIL: And you know what's so cool?

We can go anywhere in the world
just like that.

And so right out of the gate,
we're gonna travel

8,000 miles across the South Pacific

to the beautiful waters surrounding Fiji,

and here we're gonna meet

some of the most feared animals
on the planet.


In Fiji's waters, one stands out
in striking fear

into the hearts of swimmers,
divers, and fishermen.

The ancient killing machine,
the bull shark.

Pound for pound, they bite
with more force than a great white,

more than twice the force needed
to crush a human skull.

The bull shark can take its terror
where others can't,

into fresh water estuaries
and rivers in pursuit of its prey.

What happens when unprotected,

we go face to face with the bull shark?

Ooh! That bull shark, they are so scary,

but we're gonna get close
with them right now.

Andy Casagrande is 80 feet
below the surface.

(rebreather hissing)

ANDY (off screen):
What's up, New York City?

We're here in Fiji 80 feet down
on this incredible reef,

and we're surrounded by thousands
and thousands of fish,

and in amongst these fish,
we got lots of sharks.

But not just any sharks.
We've got bull sharks.

These sharks are known to be
some of the most highly aggressive,

unpredictable predators on the planet

and to me, they're some of my favorites.

PHIL: You know what's so cool is that

-we can be live here, Jane...
-JANE: Yeah, mm-hmm.

PHIL: ...and we can just cross.

That is live in Fiji.

I mean, it takes months and years
to make documentary films

about wildlife, and we are doing it live.

JANE: And he's not wearing
any protection, either...

PHIL: No protection
with those big bull sharks.

Yeah, so, Andy, you just hang on there,

and we'll get back to you
and the bull sharks soon.

JANE: Yes, and, Phil, I understand
you have some experience feeding sharks.

-Tell us the story.
-PHIL: Well, I have fed some sharks...

-JANE: Mm-hmm.
-PHIL: ...and a few years ago,

I decided to renew my vows
with my wife underwater

-and guess who turned up?
-JANE: Some sharks.

-PHIL: Some sharks turned up.
-JANE: Uninvited.

PHIL: Uninvited sharks.

-JANE: Yeah, that's amazing.
-PHIL: Yeah.

PHIL: We are gonna go to Kenya now,
and our guide is Sophie Darlington.

Sophie's been tracking
and filming big cats

for nearly 30 years.

JANE: Now, everything
can change in a second.

So we'll be monitoring, uh,
this wonderful area of the country,

but let's go to Sophie now.

SOPHIE (off screen): This is...

You can't help. It's amazing.
We have just found these.

It's the first time they've ever been seen

as far as we know by anyone.

Um, this mum, we followed a mom back,

and she's suckling them and they are...

...beyond cute.

They're just...
They're, they're bullying her.

They're biting her to pieces.

There is something about lion cubs, uh,

it just makes my heart melt.

I think anybody. How could you
not melt at that?

Think they're about three, four weeks old.

So they're just getting, like, mobile.

Except they're not trampolining now.


So I'm not gonna say it.
'Cause they're suckling away.

Look at them. She's been away
for, I don't know,

she's been away for a couple of hours,

and they're so happy to see her

and they'll just trample all over her,

just using her as a big bouncy castle.

It's the first time
anyone's seen these cubs,

and it's such a treat.

I cannot tell you. So few a time,

you really rarely get to see them,

um, and to see them right now
is such a privilege.

I can't-- Oh. It's just beautiful.

Back to you, studio.

Ooh, off you go.

JANE: That is delicious.
That was so sweet.

And, of course, we'll be keeping tabs
on Sophie in the Maasai.

We'll have live camera feeds,
and we'll take you back there,

uh, the moment something happens.

PHIL: You know what? I think we should go
live back here to the United States

to the US Pacific Northwest

and the high desert
near Malheur County, Oregon.

It's right on the Idaho border.

It's late afternoon,
and it is feeding time

for a hungry feathered hunter, a hunter.

JANE: We have Widow.
She's a 13-year-old golden eagle

and today she is outfitted
with a live broadcast camera...

-PHIL: Look at that.
-JANE: ...a transmitter, GPS.

Chris, does carrying this equipment
hurt the bird?

-It's minuscule, right? It's small.
-CHRIS: No, it, it doesn't, Jane.

These are robust, large birds
that weigh many pounds,

and the equipment that
we've given her this afternoon

just weighs a few ounces.

But it's well worth her
carrying this equipment.

It gives us an eagle's eye view of Oregon.

And also, the GPS tracking device
that she's got there

will tell us a lot
about the way she hunts.

We'll learn more about their behavior.

And in many parts of the world,
these birds need conserving

and that we can only conserve them

-if we know a lot about them.
-PHIL (off screen): I love that.

We've got a live point of view
on top of Widow there, flying


JANE: Well, we'll be back with Widow

when she's, uh, reached cruising altitude.

But now, we're gonna go live to Brazil,

the Pantanal Conservation Area,

the world's largest tropical wetland,

smack in the middle of South America.

PHIL: And that's where
we're gonna find Steve Winter.

He's spent his career
photographing big cats

all over the world,
including the elusive ocelot.

They're very difficult to find
in the world.

STEVE (off screen): Oh, you know,
it's one of the most unique experiences

in my 20-plus years working with big cats.

I can't believe that we're actually
seeing this live on camera,

because I've hardly ever seen it
in 20 years,

and she's just there.

I mean, to see that beautiful face,
those stripes coming out of her eyes.

And look at the camouflage.

I mean, she's got the rosettes
and spots that make her unique.

They're like our fingerprint,
no two are alike.

And, you know,
the moonlight camera gives us

the opportunity to see this perfectly.

I can film all the action in pure color.

It's incredible, bar none.

Look at her.

Just like a gymnast.

I mean, many cats are powerful,
but she is graceful.

So we're back to the studio.
This is great.

All right, we'll see you soon.
We're gonna keep filming.

There she goes.

PHIL: You Just got to love new technology.

I mean, that is moonlight, and we can see.

We have 58 cameras,
they're scattered all over the world,

and here's what we're seeing
from a few of them.

CHRIS: Okay, let's jump around the world.

Remarkable opportunity here.

In Pennsylvania, a couple
of white-tailed deer out in the woods.

You can see they're growing
their new antlers there at the moment.

Fantastic view this evening
of these animals.

Let's jump to Poland.
All the way across in Europe.

To the primal forest,
the Białowieża Forest there,

and these are red deer.

Their antlers have already grown
much larger, as you can see.

And here in Romania, brown bears.

And they have come in to a site here

to find some food
that's been put out for them.

What an extraordinary opportunity
to leapfrog about,

looking at these animals
which otherwise are so difficult to see.

Well, apart from this one,
because this is a little wood mouse.

It's in England.

And I've got to tell you guys
that I share my house with these.

I live in an old thatch
in the middle of the forest,

and I got these guys scampering
around on the roof above me.

Massive ears, massive eyes.

They're nocturnal animals
and very common throughout Europe.

JANE: Well, that's wonderful,
because we're going from England

now back to Fiji,
known for gorgeous beaches,

romantic getaways, and sharks.

PHIL: And Andy Casagrande,
who is still underwater with the sharks.

Let's go back there now.

ANDY (off screen): Well, these sharks
are getting really amped up here.

I got my local Fiji boy here
feeding these guys,

and these bull sharks are incredible.

You guys might think this is crazy.

We got no tanks, no chain mail,

essentially no protection,

but I would argue you guys are
in more danger in New York City

than I am down here with these sharks.

JANE: Well, the good news is, those sharks
went for the fish and not for Andy.

And hopefully
they're not saving him for dessert.

PHIL: Did you hear what he said?

BOTH: We are in more danger
here in New York City.

-JANE: Uh, I don't know about that.
-PHIL: Well, oh, wow.

Chris, I'm, i-it's a little controversial
feeding sharks by hand, right?

I mean, there's some people
who disagree with that.

CHRIS: Yeah, it is.
I mean, what we don't want to do

is for the sharks
to associate humans with food

because they might then think
of humans as food.

But, at the same time, Phil, as you know,
ecotourism is really important,

and one of the things we're trying to do

is redress the reputation
of these animals.

They're feared across the world,

but they're intrinsically important
in our marine ecosystems.

The world, frankly,
can't live without sharks,

and these sorts of encounters spread
the word that they're good news.

JANE: You've got , you've got
something in your hand.

CHRIS: Yeah, I have got
to show you guys this.

Look. This is what
the bull sharks are armed with.

-JANE: Holy cow.
-CHRIS: This is what

Andy is mixing himself up with.

This would come from a shark
about the same size

as those that we see
swimming around there.

These are the jaws,
and look at the teeth, Jane.

These at the bottom here
are like little pegs.

They're for gripping hold
of the slippery fish that they catch,

and they then grip them with a force

of 1,349 pounds of pressure.

The top ones, look, Phil, are serrated

because once they've them in their grip,

they shake them vigorously
to cut the fish up

so they can swallow them.

-PHIL: And a lot of new teeth coming in.
-CHRIS: Yeah, I mean, look at this.

You see, they've always got
a full set of teeth.

Folded up behind are perhaps
four or five more.

So when one breaks out, within a few days,

the next one will fold forward.

Rest assured that when a shark attacks,

it's always got a full set of sharp teeth.

JANE: Oh, that's amazing.

Well, while we are taking you
around the world,

we want to know what you're thinking, too.

Reach out to us with your comments
and your questions

on social media
using the hashtag #EarthLive.

PHIL: Yeah, we're gonna be
heading back to Eddy,

Andy Casagrande.

He has a limited amount of air.

Uh, with some, he's with some
very hungry sharks.

JANE: And we are watching lions
across the Maasai Mara.

Which one of them will go in for the kill?

-Look. There's three right now.
-PHIL: Beautiful.

And how about this?

20 million inhabitants of this cave

explode out in an incredible bat stampede.

You're watching Earth Live.

JANE: Well, it's nighttime
in Kenya's Maasai Mara

seen in this stunning image
of an elephant on a thermal camera.

Watch him for a little bit.

Just gorgeous.


-PHIL: Oh, hello.
-JANE: Hello.

-(Phil chuckles)
-JANE: My goodness.

Welcome back to Earth Live

an unprecedented live global TV event.

We're broadcasting from New York City,

but our 58 remote cameras
are at 25 locations

on six continents across 12 time zones,

bringing you incredible
animal encounters live.

-Right, Phil?
-PHIL: Yeah, I love it.

And we're gonna go right back to Fiji.

Andy Casagrande is down there.

We don't want him to run out of air.

And he's still surrounded
by the bull sharks.

ANDY (off screen): Yeah, these sharks
are getting super amped up here.

The entire ocean has just exploded
in this massive ball

of energy and excitement,
and it's just incredible.

I've been super lucky to film sharks
all over the world

for the past two decades.

And I got to say, this is one
of the sharkiest dives you can do

and one of the most
beautiful places to film.

But at the same time, I also got to say

these spectacles
are becoming increasingly rare.

Sharks are under heavy pressure
by overfishing and shark finning.

And in my opinion, a world without sharks

is not a world worth living in.

We really need to rethink the shark,
protect these animals.

They're the protectors of our oceans,

and we literally need to save sharks.

PHIL: Andy, the images that
we're seeing are extraordinary.

Are you scared right now? They're so big.

ANDY: You know,
I've been doing this for so long,

I'm not scared. These guys
are not the enemy.

Sharks are the protectors of the ocean,
and we need to respect them.

And to be honest, I'm more scared
of people than sharks,

because they're way more dangerous.

PHIL: Aw, thank you so much, Andy,

and please get to the surface
before you run out of air

and thank you for absolutely
spectacular images.

JANE: Thank you
for the, to the sharks, too.

-PHIL: Yeah, we should thank them, right?
-JANE: Yeah, just wonderful.

Well, it's a perfect day for Earth Live,
and let me tell you why.

Summer brings more direct sunlight
in the northern hemisphere,

which means solar energy

and consequently a huge increase
in available food.

These conditions trigger behaviors
in many species.

For example, in New York,

the summer heat makes
many human species leave the city

and migrate to the beach in Mexico.

Female free-tailed bats fly north
to Texas to give birth.

And for more about bats,

Chris Packham takes us inside the beast.

CHRIS: Just look at this
dizzying display here.

It feels like
I'm in the core of the bat-nado.

And what about this fascinating species?
What about some stats?

Well, firstly, how big are they?
They're five inches in length.

And how much they weigh?
They weigh in at about half an ounce.

Now, if each bat at Bracken Cave

ate their own bodyweight
in a single night,

they would consume more than
250 tons of flying insects.

They can live up to 11 years,

and they can also reach
a maximum flying altitude

of 10,000 feet.

They'll also go for a long way
for a good meal.

We think that these bats that are emerging
from Bracken tonight

might complete a 100-mile round trip

to source all of their flying insect prey.

The world population of the species,

in the region of 100 million bats.

So that's one Mexican free-tailed bat

for every 70 humans on Earth,
and this makes them

one of the most numerous mammals
on the planet.

And finally, they have
a remarkable top speed

of 100 miles an hour.

That outstrips even
the swiftest of the birds

in powered level flight.

100 miles an hour.

Jane, Phil, I bet you didn't think
that bats could fly that fast.

PHIL (off screen): No, I had no idea.

And, uh, these bats,

they're coming out of a cave right now

and we've captured them
as they were coming out of the cave

just a few moments ago.

And we are talking about millions of bats

coming out of a cave, the Bracken Cave.

Uh, these... this cave is down
in San Antonio.

And how extraordinary for us
to be able to see this, Chris,

right now as these bats
are coming out to feed.

CHRIS: Yeah, these are probably
the young ones.

The females came here
in the spring, as you said, Jane.

They've given birth,
and over the last few weeks,

the youngsters have been growing
to the point that they can fly,

and normally the first bats
to emerge early in the evening

are these juvenile bats.

And they're swirling around here

in the entrance to the cave.

Let's just have a listen.
Let's see if we can hear them.

(bats squeaking)

CHRIS: It's just like a soft wind
blowing through the trees.

PHIL: And they're missing
each other, Chris.

-That's what I love about this--
-JANE: They're not flying into each other.

PHIL: And my understanding
is they, they come out in waves

so it, it's not like they can all
come out together.

They come out in waves,
and then it takes what,

-a couple of hours?
-CHRIS: Yeah, couple of hours

for them to all come out.

But you're right.
They're not bumping into one another.

There were thousands
if not hundreds of thousands

of these animals active in the air.

They're using echolocation.

They make high-pitched chips
with their voice

which bounce off the things
in the environment,

in this case, other bats,
come back to their ears,

and give them a complete picture
of where they're flying.

And as you can see,
accidents are very infrequent.

JANE: Well, from Texas to Ethiopia.

We've been monitoring movement

in the ancient holy city
of Harar, in eastern Ethiopia,

just a hop, skip and a jump,
well, a 7,108-mile jump

from New York City.

PHIL: You might not know this,
but Ethiopia is home

to 70 percent
of Africa's tallest mountains

and also an extremely aggressive predator.

Hyenas, the notorious villains
of the African plains.

They'll battle a lion for a kill...

...and cheat a cheetah out of the dinner.

(hyenas yipping)

PHIL: With a spine-chilling cackle

and one of the strongest bites
of any land mammal,

these fierce predator scavengers

crunch bones, hooves, and even horns.

But what happens when they come
into contact with people?

Well, Bob Poole is
a world-renowned wildlife cinematographer,

and clearly you can see right now
he has got some company.

BOB (off screen): Ah!
This is absolutely nuts.

You know, I'm surrounded by hyenas.

Maybe 30, 40 hyenas,

and I got to tell you,
it is pitch black out here.

Without this moonlight camera,
I wouldn't be able to see anything.

But actually, I'm not alone.

This is Abbas right here,
and he's a hyena man.

You know, he comes
from a generation of hyena men,

and that's because the city here
behind me, Harar,

has an ancient tradition with hyenas.

In fact, they believe that
hyenas ward off evil spirits.

I don't know, though.
For me, this all seems a bit nuts,

because I grew up in Kenya,

and you wouldn't think about getting out
on foot in the dark

surrounded by hyenas for anything.

It's just absolutely crazy.

I can't believe it. I mean,
when you look at these animals,

look at the size of the jaws
right there on this guy.

On-- it's probably a female, actually.

You know, the females are the--
and the muscles,

The females are the big ones, but wow.

I-- just crazy.

I think this is sketchy.

What do you think, New York?

PHIL (chuckles): I think
it's very, very sketchy.

Uh, I mean, to be that close
to those animals,

if you can hear me, Bob,

can you tell me what it is they eat
when they're not being fed like this?

BOB (off screen): (chuckles)
You know, we think of hyenas

as being scavengers, but the fact is
they're very formidable predators.

You know, like I said, look at the size
of those, of those muscles

in the shoulder and the jaw right there.

Imagine a bunch of those things
working together.

They can pull down really big prey.

I sure wouldn't want to be taken apart
by one of these guys

-or a pack of them.
-PHIL: So powerful.

BOB: So, when you come back to me,
I'm gonna be with a wide-angle lens.

I want to get up close
and personal with these animals

and, uh, see what it's like to have
to take a hold of this opportunity

to get some shots I've never had
a chance to before.

-PHIL: Well, thank you so much, Bob,
-BOB: Back to New York.

PHIL: And, uh,
this is quite extraordinary.

This is something that they've been doing
for hundreds of years.

It's a tradition and where these men,

these hyena men get so close
and actually feed them.

And I just want to remind you,
you would not be seeing anything

if we were just using a regular camera.

That is moonlight

that is giving us those images
with a special camera.

We're gonna check right back
with Bob a little bit later on.

Jane has actually left me.

She's run away.
She's gone to the Matrix room,

which is Earth Live's command center.

-JANE (off screen): Yep.

Right here in mission control.
Look at all the hub of activity.

We have 50 live camera feeds in here

from 25 locations, six continents.

screens live from every location.

This is James.
James is calling the shots here.

Tell us, what, what-- tell the folks
at home what's going on.

-What are you guys doing in here?
-JAMES: Uh, well, organized chaos.

JANE: Yes.

JAMES: Uh, we're talking
to all our teams in the field.

We've got people all around
the planet, from Alaska to India.

We're monitoring all the feeds,

and as soon as we see some action,
we're gonna let you know next--

JANE: You'll throw it to us.
Everybody's got their laptops.

Uh, Vivia here has the ocelots.

Bill with the sharks with his laptop.

This guy's on Facebook. Shame on you.

This is all live,
and the images are so clear.

Now, this show could not
have been done before,

because the technology
simply didn't exist.

Back to you, Phil.

PHIL: What a team! All right.

Are you ready to meet two new animals?

Cosmopolitan monkeys
dining out in the city

and whales that travel across
an ocean to get a good meal.

This is Earth Live.

JANE: Welcome back
to Earth Live, everybody.

What we're looking at is a thermal camera
photographing lions,

and it looks like we might be
in the beginning of a hunt.

CHRIS: This is the plains of Africa,
and we have a lioness out here,

very definitely stalking potential prey.

You can see that she's creeping forward.

She has now gone down onto the ground.

It's a slow process.

She's got to be careful.

She doesn't want to spook
whatever the prey is.

And if we're panning around now,

we should be able to see
what she's looking at.

Yes, here we've got it.

There's a bunch of wildebeests here.

PHIL: And they have no idea
that she's there?

-CHRIS: No. It's grooming itself.
-JANE: Completely unaware.

CHRIS: It's clearly not alerted
to the fact

that there's a lion anywhere near.

But she's quite a way off at the moment.

JANE: And she's by herself, too, Chris.
They usual-- They do--

CHRIS: Well, we can only see
the one lion here, Jane.

There could be others
in the pride skirting around,

because they will hunt cooperatively.

But she's gonna need to get
a lot closer than this

to stand a chance of catching
one of those animals.

PHIL: I love listening
to the night of Africa.

JANE: Yeah.

CHRIS: Look at that.
You can feel the tension.

Jane, Phil, the tension.

-PHIL: Intense.
-JANE: And-- Yeah, it is.

And look at the, look at the, the camera.

It, it captures the body heat
of the animal.

And so where she's whiter,
it's where she's warmer.

CHRIS: This, this is the ultimate game.

This is the game of life and death.

JANE: Look at her eyes.
Look at that stare.

PHIL: And do you know
what their success rate is, Chris,

in terms of every time they hunt?

CHRIS: Yeah, if they're hunting
on their own,

it's not particularly good.

It's between five and nineteen percent
of hunts result in a kill.

If they're hunting in pairs,
it improves slightly,

but they need to move into a group
to hunt really effectively.

Then it can raise to 30 percent.

But look here,

how carefully she's paying attention
to these animals.

All of her focus is strained,

her hearing, her smell, her sight.

-PHIL: Her life depends on it.
-CHRIS: Absolutely.

JANE: And we have a full moon tonight,
so this is not optimal for the lions.

It, it kind of lights up the area
a little more.

Uh, then, then, they--

CHRIS: No, you're,
you're absolutely right.

I mean, it's perfect for us
to be able to see them,

but it's bad news for them

because their prey can see the lion,

and that's why she's being
so careful in, in this hunt.

-JANE: But it is dark out there.
-CHRIS: Yes, it's pitch black.

As you say, this is our thermal camera.

PHIL: Chris, how long would she sit here
waiting to, to attack?

CHRIS: Well, frankly, as long as it takes.

She's got to at least half this distance
to be in with any chance.

They can only run fast
for a very short distance.

-JANE: Oh.
-CHRIS: But look.

MAN :Ten minutes.

CHRIS: As soon as she makes a move,
if there's any more progress,

we'll cut back to this.

Fingers crossed for the lioness.

PHIL: All right,
we'll keep, keep an eye out.

I'm, I'm almost, you know,
uh, hesitant to leave

but, but I think we should go
somewhere else right now.

Let's go way north.

Let's go nearly 3,000 miles
across Canada from New York City

to America's last frontier.

This is, of course, Alaska,

to see some awe-inspiring animals

who have traveled from far away.

In the Gulf of the Alaska,

a perfect storm of melting glacier ice

and long daylight hours

produce an explosion of phytoplankton,

the green plant-like microorganisms
at the bottom of the food chain.

The incredible plankton bloom is so big
you can see it from space.

The plankton nourishes sea life
great and small.

It calls to the humpback whales.

Thousands of them will make
the 3,000-mile journey

from Hawaii to join in the feeding frenzy.

A humpback will eat
up to one and a half tons

of fish and crustaceans a day

to generate the blubber
that sustains them throughout the year.

A big appetite for a huge mammal,

the humpback whale.

Well, we have been monitoring the weather
over Frederick Sound in Alaska,

and, you know, Jane, it is a live show.

PHIL: So we just, you know, we're hoping
the weather is gonna be good

and maybe, I think if we have
a look at the satellite map.

You said you always wanted to do
the weather on TV?

JANE (off screen): Yeah,
I always wanted to be a weather girl.

So looks like we have rain and we have
some winds coming in from the South,

nine, ten miles per hour.

If it gets up to 13,
we might not be able to launch this drone

that we're gonna tell the folks about.

PHIL (off screen): Right.
I understand that we did have

one drone that got up in the air.

Another one couldn't get up in the air.

So, uh, here, look, we do have
a live shot right now.

Um, and we are looking at a drone
that is looking back

where we're going to hopefully
take off a, a drone,

have a drone take off.

And we are going to try to spot
some humpback whales.

Uh, Ian Kerr from
the Whale Preservation Ocean Alliance

is close by,
and he's about to try to perform

a very tricky research project.

JANE: Now, Chris, what kind of information

would you get from the snot,
I guess is what it is,

of the whale 'cause they're
just trying to collect

some samples from the blow hole?

CHRIS: You can see Ian here,
he's there spotting a whale

live at the moment.

Uh, what he wants to do, Jane,

is take this drone that you can see here

and he's putting petri dishes,

little dishes on the top of it
with the Velcro.

And their ambition,
and it's a big ambition,

is to fly this little gadget
through the blow,

the exhalation of the whale,

when it comes back to the surface,

because then parts of it will land
in those petri dishes,

they fly it back to the boat,

and there they can analyze
what they recovered.

PHIL: And this is the SnotBot?

-JANE: The SnotBot.
-CHRIS: It's a SnotBot.

(overlapping conversations)

PHIL: Where do we get
one of those jackets, Chris,

that says "SnotBot"?

Oh, wow, look at this.

JANE: And there's another drone.

CHRIS: And there's a whale. Look.

-You saw the whale behind it there?
-PHIL: Where?

-CHRIS: You see the whale
behind it to the left.

PHIL: Okay.

CHRIS: And it's homing in on that whale.

PHIL: How fantastic.

So the timing of all of this,
Chris, it's incredibly tough.

CHRIS: It is incredibly tough.

These animals come back to the surface

after sometimes very deep dives.

They're down for many minutes.

They've got to find the whale and then--

There's the whale there.
Look to the right, Phil.

You can see the back of it,
the hump of the humpback whale.

Now, hopefully, if they get the drone
in exactly the right position

and it blows, they'll get some snot.

PHIL: What are our chances?

CHRIS: Well, they do have to blow
when they come back to the surface.

And the blow will go up about
20 feet and about 13 miles an hour.

-Oh, they missed that one.
-JANE: She didn't blow.

CHRIS: They missed that one.

PHIL: Will it come back up again, or...

CHRIS: If it's a shallow dive,
it should come back up again.

PHIL: Well, that,
okay, that's a great shot.

You can really get a good--

CHRIS: You can see the whale
beneath the surface.

You can see the whale beneath the surface.

Here it comes. Here it comes.
Here it comes.

-JANE: There it is.
-PHIL: Was that a hit?

-CHRIS: Wow.
-PHIL: I think it was.

CHRIS: I don't know.

Here we go. Here we go.

Let's see if they get--
One more go. Here's the whale.

You can see the whale on
the right-hand side of the screen there.

Here it comes. There's the blow.

-PHIL: That's pretty close.
-JANE: That's pretty close.

CHRIS: That's got to be snot
in the can, hasn't it?

PHIL: Which is exactly
what we want, right?

CHRIS (chuckling): Oh!

-PHIL: Absolutely amazing.
-CHRIS: This is great stuff, isn't it?

This is great stuff. One more go. Come on.

-PHIL: Get it right in the middle.
-CHRIS: Oh, yes!

That must be it.

And, look, you can see
the nostrils of the whale there,

the two nostrils and down--


CHRIS: That's a deep dive.
That's a deep dive. If the flue comes up

PHIL: And just a quick point, Chris,

you were saying what's great
about this is noninvasive.

CHRIS: It's noninvasive.

We're after material,
we're collecting from the animal here.

They're getting tissue
from the internal part of the whale.

They have enough there
for DNA sample, hormone samples,

and also to check for pollutants, too,

and of course the whale
wasn't stressed at all.

He didn't even know the drone was there.

PHIL: Wow, I got to congratulate
Dr. Kerr and his team.

That was really incredible.

I want to show you
an amazing map of the world,

just to give you a good overview.

If you have a look at all the blue dots,

the blue dots are where we have
cameras all over the world.

Here, you can see a big shadow.

The shadow is where it's dark
in the world right now.

And then this beautiful full moon

which is allowing us to do our
wonderful show, Earth Live,

and that's slowly moving west.

And if you look way over here,
you can see the sun is rising,

so the sun is rising here,

and so it is sunrise here
in Asia right now

and in particular Thailand,
which is what we want.

And as this shadow moves west,

it'll be dark in New York
by the time we finish the show.

JANE: And of course,
another great thing about the full moon

is that the night darkness can affect

an animal's sleep behavior
and their hunting plans.

The pull of the full moon
also creates extremes in coastal tides.

PHIL: Don't you love that?
And if you're a monkey...

-JANE: It's a great thing.
-PHIL: ...and if you live in Thailand

on one of the 1,000 islands in particular,

the Koram Island where it's morning

where that full moon is making
a very extreme low tide,

well, then, the locals are very happy.

And there is a troupe
of very clever monkeys there...

-JANE: Indeed.
-PHIL: ...who are in heaven right now

because they have a great feed at hand.

-CHRIS: Oh, wow.
-JANE: What's this, Chris?

CHRIS: Look at these.
These are long-tailed macaques,

and they're out on the beach.

Now, typically, of course,
we think of monkeys

as eating fruit and leaves, flowers,

but these guys are taking advantage
of a protein feast

exposed by the tide.

They're after seafood,

and what they will actually do
is use tools

to hack these oysters off of the rocks.

Now, this little guy has got
his back to us at the moment,

but hopefully he'll turn around.

You can see it's eating some oyster.

He must have already smashed
that one open.

And tool use in primates
like this is extremely rare.

Of the 200 species, we've got
only a handful of them

will actually use tools.

JANE: Oh, look,
we have a baby, uh, suckling

while mom, uh, searches
for the perfect rock.

And they say the female monkeys
are better at this than the males.

Isn't that great? I love that. Yes.

CHRIS: Phil, did you see the way
she just turned the rock around

to get exactly the right angle?

PHIL: I love that-- Their hands--

The hands look almost human,
the dexterity of the hands.

CHRIS: And what's interesting is that
if they go looking for oysters like this,

they choose the rock first.

They sift through until they get one
that's the perfect weight and shape

and then they go looking for oysters.

And look at the way
it's adjusting its hold.

PHIL: Yeah. It ergonomically wanted
to make the rock work.

CHRIS: Yeah. Yeah. You do that,
don't you, if you,

if you pick up a hammer,
you adjust your grip

until you've got it,
until you've got it right.

PHIL: Oh, let's go into
the moment here for a second.


CHRIS: Mission accomplished.

-It's got the oyster out.
-(Jane chuckles)

CHRIS: Oh, this is extraordinary.

An opportunity to see tool use live

from Thailand.

Honestly, it doesn't get much better.

PHIL: Yeah, it doesn't. Well, let's hope
it just keeps getting better and better.

We're gonna go live now
to a land down under

close to my native New Zealand.

Uh, We're gonna go to the rainforest
of Queensland, Australia,

where we're gonna find
the smallest critters

we'll celebrate tonight.

But they are, perhaps,
the most accomplished.

At about only a third of an inch long,

the weaver ant is still a surprisingly
big player in the rainforest.

The tiny insects are smart.

They build amazing structures,
and they're strong.

They can lift 100 times their own weight.

Now is the dry season,
and these tiny architects

must race against time and the elements

to construct elaborate,
life-saving fortresses in the rainforest.

JANE: Pretty amazing. We'll continue
watching this fascinating activity,

of this construction project.

The workers have a few tricks

up their whatever passes
for sleeves in the ant world,

including using their own larvae
to glue the leaves together

like mini glue guns.
Isn't that right, Chris?

CHRIS: Yeah, it is. They want to fold
all of these leaves together

to protect themselves

and their eggs, their pupae,
and their larvae

because it's the dry season
out there at the moment,

and they don't want those to dry out.

And also, of course, they want predators
not to be able to reach them.

And we're hoping that during
the course of the show,

we'll be able to watch them actually
building a nest out of these leaves.

PHIL: So, Chris, just give us an overview
of what they're trying to do.

They want to pull the leaves together?

CHRIS: They are enormously strong.

They have got to bend all of these leaves

from their usual growth position
and tie them together.

And you will see them forming
little bridges.

They're on the right-hand side
of the screen here.

You see those ants all hanging on?

Legs on one leaf, mandibles,
jaws on the other

holding it together

whilst others go for those larvae,
the little glue guns,

and then hopefully, we'll see them
stitching all of these things together.

JANE: And of course, we will monitor this
as they, they continue building,

uh, this beautiful home,
this nest for themselves.

But right now, we have a visitor
in our studio.

Chris, who do we have here?

And, uh, tell us a little bit
about this fellow.

CHRIS: Phil, Jane, this is
an extraordinary privilege.

This is a Linnaeus two-toed sloth.

We've got this here
because you know the ocelot

-that Steve was watching?
-JANE: Right.

CHRIS (off screen):
This is the potential prey.

It shares that rainforest environment
of South America,

and it's highly specialized.

Jane, what do you notice about the fur?

JANE: Well, the fur grows
away from his belly

as opposed to... Well, you would think
that the part would be in the back.

CHRIS: It's got its coat on
back to front, hasn't it?

JANE : Right, right. It does.
He has his coat on backwards.

CHRIS: And the reason for that is,
of course, that when it rains,

it wants the rain to drain off
over its back

whereas most animals want it
to drain off under the belly.

-JANE (off screen): Oh, my gosh.
-PHIL (off screen): Can I tell you, Chris,

this is the cleanest-looking sloth
I have ever seen.

CHRIS: It is. It is a pretty smart sloth.

There's no doubt about that.

Um, in the wild, they don't look
this color at all.

They look green because
inside these hairs,

there are tiny, little grooves
in which algae grows,

beneficial for the algae
but also for the sloth

because during daytime,
it makes them green,

which means they're better camouflaged
from potential predators.

But, Jane, have you ever taken
a garment out of your wardrobe

-and shaken out a few moths?
-JANE: Yes. Indeed I have.

Complete with moth holes. You bet.

CHRIS: You see, these things
are home to moths in the wild.

They have a whole fauna of these insects,

sometimes several species,
up to 100 of them,

living inside their fur.

Sloth moths.

And when they finally go down
to the ground to defecate,

and sloths will only do that once a month,

the moths lay their eggs in the feces,

and that's where the larvae develop.

So not only does this species live
in an extraordinary ecosystem,

-it is an ecosystem itself.
-JANE: It is an ecosystem!

It is a win-win for the,
the creatures on him

and, and for him, as well.

-CHRIS: Indeed.
-JANE: Well, that's terrific.

Now from jungle animals
to social media animals.

Yes, you.

You're about to become naturalists,
explorers, and television producers.

Here are three animals you've already met,

and you get to choose the one you'd like
to spend a little more time with.

When we return, we'll go to the animal
who gets the most votes.

So is it the macaque, hyena, or the lions?

Exercise your right to vote
using the hashtag #LiveMacaque,

#LiveHyena, or #LiveLions.

And we'll be right back
with more Earth Live.

JANE: Magnificent humpback whales
enjoying the cool Alaska waters.

Welcome back to Earth Live, everybody.

We're here in the world headquarters
in New York City

while the real stars of the show,

the amazing animals
and our heroic cinematographers,

are scattered all over the world.

And we're looking at you, animals,

and we're sharing them
with you, the people.

Now, before the break,
we asked you to vote

for the animal you most wanted
to see more of.

Talk about a tough election.
A lot of mud was thrown.

Uh, there were rumors of tampering
by Russian bears.

But, you know, the people have spoken.

The people of Earth Live want more lions.

Chris, where are we going?

CHRIS: Yeah, here we are.
We're back to Maasai Mara in Kenya.

This is our moonlight cam.

Remember, it's completely dark there,

and what we have got is a tranquil scene.

JANE: Apparently,
the lion does sleep tonight.


CHRIS: In fact, there's a whole pride
of lions sleeping tonight here

with plenty of youngsters in amongst them.

Whether they fed last night

and they don't have to hunt tonight,
I'm not sure.

If we had a better view of their bellies,
you can soon tell

because they'll be quite swollen
with food.

But what a superb view, Jane.

JANE: Ah, wonderful. Well, the sun
is rising over Asia right now

as seen from
the International Space Station.

225 miles above the Earth.

How gorgeous is that?

PHIL: And you know what's so cool, Jane?

-JANE: What's that?
-PHIL: We can go from space

and we can just drop down into a city,

a city where the sun is also rising.

And there's no better place
to see how animals

have learned to survive and even thrive
in an urban environment

than the second most
populated country on Earth.

India is a country
of incredible diversity.

1.2 billion people

and more than 400 different mammals.

Ancient religions including Hinduism
and Buddhism

have taught the Indian citizens to respect

and even revere their animal counterparts.

In Jodhpur, the Hanuman langur monkeys

live side by side with the people.

How do these two worlds coexist?

JANE: We're joining
National Geographic Explorer

and cinematographer
Sandesh Kadur live in India.

Sandesh, how's it going out there?

KADUR (off screen): Oh, it's great.
It's sunrise here

in the Mandore temple gardens
in Jodhpur, India.

It's already 85 degrees Fahrenheit,
and it's getting pretty warm.

I'm here to film
one really special animal.

The Hanuman langur.

I'm surrounded here not just
by these amazing temples

but by these magnificent animals.

And it's, its, it's amazing
because these animals,

there's over 350 of them found right here
in these temple gardens,

and, uh, they have just come down

from the trees about 20 minutes ago,

and they have started to feed.

They have only got breakfast
on their mind.

Lucky for them, the local people
feed these monkeys,

and they have been doing it for centuries.

JANE: That's wonderful.

Now, they have adapted
to the food, I'm sure,

uh, uh, of India, they, the, the,

the food that the people eat.

I'm sure that their tummies have found
a way to digest it now.

KADUR: Oh, yes, absolutely. Oh, uh,
normally, they used to be leaf eaters

and living up in the canopy.

But they have now adapted
to a more terrestrial lifestyle.

Uh, they've learned to live
alongside humans,

and they're adapted their diet
to feed on fruit, bananas,

grapes, and even peanuts.

JANE: That's fantastic. And I know
that they revere those monkeys.

KADUR: And I've been filming these monkeys
for, for many years now.

JANE: Indeed, you have. And I know
that they revere these monkeys

like they did,
like they do the god Hanuman,

and it's just an amazing thing
going on there in Jodhpur.

Well, we're headed back live
to East Africa from India

to the plains of Kenya's Maasai Mara.

Lions are up late tonight

because the change of seasons
has brought them a gift.

PHIL: It's the most famous
and spectacular migration on Earth.

Right now, 1.3 million wildebeests,

200,000 zebras, and hundreds
of thousands of gazelles

are fleeing the dry season in Tanzania

for the lush grazing in Kenya.

But it's not an idyllic paradise.

It's an ambush.

(cats roaring)

PHIL: For the Savannah's predators,
the hunt is on,

especially for the most feared
and majestic of them all...

the lion.

Extraordinary footage.

Let's go back to National Geographic
super cinematographer Sophie Darlington

who is tracking a pride of lions,

and we're gonna go back and join her live.

SOPHIE (off screen): Oh, look.

I'm now with some slightly older cubs,

and I...

I'm sorry, but that is too cute.

Look at that face. Little yawn.

So these guys, we've got seven of them.

They're about seven months older,

and they are, they're not cuter
than the little ones,

but they are possibly--

because they're more mobile

and they're following
mums around to the kill.

So we've got one here,

and then there's another
little puddle here.

Fast asleep. And they're just heaven.

And a thing I can't get over
is that it's dark out there.

I can't see anything,
and yet, through this camera,

I've got lion cubs in, in color.

It's amazing.

JANE: Thank you so much, Sophie.
They are sound asleep.

PHIL: I just love when we can just listen
and take it all in like that.

JANE: Hear Africa in our ears.

Well, we'll be coming back to the lions

and the Maasai Mara later in the show.

Now, we didn't want
to have to fly around the world

to meet these birds you're about to meet,
so we just sent our cameras out,

and this is what they saw. Chris, tell us.

CHRIS: Yeah, let's do
a bit of globetrotting, bird spotting.

Firstly, in Colorado.

And here we've got some ospreys.

Two youngsters in a nest
with the adult there.

And the adult is doing a great job
of keeping the sun off of them.

Doesn't want to get them too hot.

They can't thermoregulate,

regulate their own body temperature,
at this stage,

so it's really important

that she keeps them

out of that direct sunlight.

All the way over in Hungary here.

This is the nest of a European scops owl,
an insectivorous species.

You can see one of the youngsters
in the nest there.

And here comes an adult,
look, with a grasshopper.

And that's a perfect meal
for that little chick.

Over in Romania,

we've got a family of white storks.

In the springtime,
these adults would have come

all the way back from Africa.

The young are quite large now.
They're gonna be fledging relatively soon.

Here's a question for you guys.
How old do you think that nest is?

JANE: I, well-- I mean, did they just
build it or is it something that--

-PHIL: A year?
-CHRIS: That nest is 70 years old.

-JANE: No.
-CHRIS: Yeah.

It's on a church, and we have been
monitoring these birds for 70 years.

They add to it every year.
Not the same birds, but the same nest.

-And, Phil, what about this?
-PHIL: Oh, I love this.

Look, Chris, take a little moment.
I've got to say hello to New Zealand,

and if I'm not mistaken,
that is the beautiful albatross.

CHRIS: It is. This is royal albatross,

one of the most impressive birds
in the world,

one of the largest wingspans.

This is a youngster, too.

And it's gonna be in that nest

for more than 200 days before it flies.

It's one of the longest fledging periods

of any of our birds on Earth.

PHIL (off screen):
Good morning, New Zealand.

JANE: "Good morning,
New Zealand," is right.

We want to thank you
for all of your comments

and the questions that you
have been sending in

using the hashtag #EarthLive.

First, our first question.
Oh, it's for me personally.

Um, I'm a Cancer, six foot nothing,
and 124 pounds soaking wet,

and that part is a lie.

Okay. And this one, Chris, I've got
a question for you, my friend.

-CHRIS (off screen): Okay.
-JANE: Um, Oddbee asks,

"What is the purpose of the hyena laugh?"

CHRIS: Oddbee, well,
the laugh of the hyena

is something that they do
when they're very excited

not surprisingly.

But if they're being chased
by another hyena,

maybe they run off with some food,

then they start this cackling giggle.

And it's all about
communicating with them,

and it's normally produced
when they're under stress.

JANE: We are going back
to that hunt in the Mara.

I guess we have some breaking activity.

-So let's go back there.
-PHIL: I hope so.

Fingers crossed.

CHRIS: Here she is again then.

Still poised.

Oh! She is up.

-PHIL: Oh.
-CHRIS: She's off. And she's off.

Now she's gonna be running along
at about 30 miles an hour.

ALL: Oh.

-PHIL: What happened there?
-CHRIS: No. I think, I think...

To be honest with you,

I think she was too far away
from those wildebeest.

And the minute, of course,
she knows the game is up,

the minute she knows
that they have spotted her,

she'll abandon the hunt.

PHIL: And, Chris,
you mentioned just how low

the percentage of the strike rate is.

They must get exhausted
if they haven't eaten.

CHRIS: That's right,
but, I mean, they can switch

to feeding on smaller things
if they can't catch a large animal.

I mean, lions, you know, they'll take
a jackrabbit type of thing,

you know, those sorts of things.

But I imagine now,
given the abundance of prey

that we've got out there in the bush,
that she'll try

and find a place
where there's a bit more cover

where she can get closer to them.

I think, honestly,
she was just a bit too far away

from those wildebeest.

PHIL: I really want to see her get,

-get a meal tonight.
-JANE: That would be great.

PHIL: Um, we're gonna return live
to the coast of Alaska

where the SnotBot is just seconds away

from getting into position again.

Plus, something wild is going on in Kenya.

We know that on the Maasai Mara.

We'll be there when it happens.

Why? Well, because this is Earth Live.

JANE: Welcome back to Earth Live.
Look at that eagle's eye view.

That's Widow.

This unprecedented global television event

takes you to where
the animals live, hunt, play,

feed, and kill.

And the closer we get to them,
the more respect we have.

I'm your host, Jane Lynch,

with expedition leader Phil Keoghan

and expert Chris Packham.

We've got so much more.

We've got 50 cameras all over the world

shooting from up in the air,
under the sea,

in moonlight, and no light.

This is all happening in real time live
while we watch.

Now, when we left our humpback whales,
Dr. Kerr had just launched the SnotBot,

and our cameras will be there
when it reaches the whales.

Oh, actually,
we're gonna reach another whale.

We already saw one.
This will be our second.

Our second, second SnotBot.

First, Chris, take us inside
those magnificent beasts.

CHRIS: Humpback whales are one
of the world's biggest movers.

So exactly how far do they travel?

Well, in the course of one year,
more than 11,500 miles.

That's like swimming
from New York to London

more than three times.

Length wise, well,
they're about 60 feet in length

and when it comes to their weight,

they weigh in at 40 tons.

That's 80,000 pounds.

They have fat layers around their bodies

six inches thick,

and it's this which allows them
to have huge reserves

and facilitate
those long-distance migrations.

How long do they live?
They live for up to 50 years.

Female whales become sexually mature
at about five years old

and could potentially, therefore,
have more than 15 calves

in their lifetime.

This species is also very famous
for its song.

It's loud, too. 173 decibels.

Now, only the males sing,

and their songs can be heard
from 20 miles away.

Lastly, how deep do they dive?

787 feet seems to be the record,

and they can also hold
their breath for 45 minutes.

Jane, Phil, 45 minutes on one breath.

Beat that.

PHIL: 45 minutes?

-That's incredible.
-JANE: Yeah.

PHIL: Well, you know,
Dr. Ian Kerr has been getting

some samples, DNA samples from the whales.

And the SnotBot went out,
got more samples,

and is now coming back
to the boat in Alaska,

so we're going to join him there
in Frederick Sound in Alaska.

And here's the SnotBot
coming back for a landing.

-This was just a few minutes ago.
-JANE: Yes.

-MAN: Engines off.
-CHRIS: Yeah.

Now, it's got a very precious cargo.

It's got that whale snot,

which are the samples
that they were after.

One of the first things I imagine
they're gonna be looking at

once they've sterilized these

is any signs of the animals
being under stress.

We know our whale populations
have greatly diminished.

In the last century alone,
we lost more than 1.3 million whales

from the Antarctic region alone.

So we're trying to encourage
these populations to build up again,

and they won't do so if they're stressed.

We know that reduces their immune system
just as it does ours.

So this was a bit of fun
and we're enjoying the SnotBot,

and it was great fun seeing it get
in the plume.

But there's some very serious science

-behind this as well, guys.
-PHIL (off screen): Yeah.

-Thanks for legitimizing it.
-JANE: Absolutely.

PHIL: I'd just like to fly a SnotBot.

JANE: Yeah, well, it's gonna keep
the whales on this planet

for a good long time if we can make sure
that they're not stressed, absolutely.

Well, the sun goes down now.

It sends a signal to many animals,

including us humans.

It's time to go to sleep.

Well, for some, it may signal

the time to eat pound cake
over the sink in our underwear.

But for some animals,
they have a special adaptation,

nature's night vision,

that let them become more active
under the cover of darkness.

Now, the lion doesn't sleep
tonight, it seems.

We're gonna go live to the Maasai

where it seems everybody is up.

CHRIS: Yeah, here we are
with our thermal camera.

So we're not seeing in light here.

We're seeing in heat.

The white that you see
are the hotter areas,

and these are wildebeests.

And you can see
that what glows most brightly

are their eyes and their mouth,
those warm areas.

And whilst there might be
a vast number of these animals

in this part of Africa at the moment,

it still doesn't make them
easy prey for the lions.

The balance between predator
and prey is always very fine.

If all the lions ate all the wildebeests,

they'd soon be extinct,
and then the lions would starve.

So it's a very fine balance.

But what we are looking at here
is some currently very happy wildebeests.

They're ruminating, chewing the cud.

They would have been eating grass all day.

And they're sat down in the dark,
still alert, of course,

because they know that they're in danger,

but they're taking a moment to reflect

on a day of munching grass.

PHIL: It's got to be
a terrible feeling lying down

knowing that out there somewhere
could be a lion.

-JANE: Yeah.
-CHRIS (laughing): There is always that.

Well, they look pretty cozy
at the moment, don't they?

Look at that. Look at when we pull wide.
All of those dots there.

It looks like the light of a city
or campfires

across the hill beyond a festival,

a pop festival.

-Each of those dots is an animal.
-JANE: Wow.

CHRIS: A zebra, a wildebeest, a gazelle,

or maybe a lion.

PHIL: Massive migration
going on right now.

CHRIS: Yeah. Yeah, we're talking more than
a million of these animals

moving to get to these fresh pastures.

Look at that.

Incredible richness of life.

-It's great, isn't it...
-JANE: Mm-hmm.

CHRIS: ...when you see that
there are parts of the planet

where there's still plenty
of animals living out there?

-JANE: Yeah.
-CHRIS: Really reassuring.

JANE: It is, isn't it?

And just listen to the sounds.
Isn't that amazing?

PHIL: Love that. That's my favorite part.

JANE: Yeah. The dead of night.

-Let's listen.
-(animals grunting, chattering)

JANE: Wonderful.
Well from, uh, the Maasai.

Uh, we've been seeing some activity

in your home country, Chris,
in southern England.

And this is live, Chris.
Something you know about.

Uh, badgers.

Now, I heard a rumor
that you studied badger poop

at university for about three years.

-Is that true?
-CHRIS: Uh, I, I did.

Actually, i-it was,
it was five years, Jane.

Every Sunday, every Thursday night,

I got my hands deep in the badger poo

to find out what they were eating.

I was interested in their ecology.

Here, we have a couple...
Well, this is more than ecology.

This is breeding behavior.

JANE: Oh, that's what I thought
maybe that was.

She does not look into it.

-PHIL: Really?
-JANE: Can I just say?

CHRIS: Sh-she's a bigger animal.

If she didn't want any of it,
she should chuck him off.

-JANE: Well, then.
-PHIL: Now, this was captured earlier.

I just want to let you guys know, so...

But this is rare, isn't it,
to capture something like this?

CHRIS: I've watched these animals
for five years pretty constantly.

I mean, put it this way,
I didn't get many girlfriends.

I was always out looking at badgers.

PHIL: Well, you spent
five years studying poo, Chris.

-I mean, come on!

CHRIS (off screen):
But it's rare to see this.

And what's interesting is that they mate
in the spring and summer,

but they don't give birth
until the following spring.

-Now, how do you think they manage that?
-JANE (off screen): I have no idea.

-PHIL: It's some kind of trick?
-CHRIS: It is.

It's a biological trick
called delayed implantation.

So the fertilize the ova,

but they don't implant them in the uterus.

And the benefit of this is
that they can judge

throughout the winter period
how much body weight they put on,

how fit the females are
going into the spring.

If they're big, healthy animals,

they'll implant more of those eggs
and have larger litters.

If they have a lean winter

and they think they can't produce
enough milk and rear them,

then they'll only implant
a couple of them.

And it's a means of them
regulating their behavior

so that they don't exhaust themselves

and also give birth to animals
that simply couldn't survive.

JANE (off screen): Well, that is like
a badger Planned Parenthood,

and it works for them.

All right, people of the world,

we are turning our cameras on you again.

Here are three of our animals.

Using social media,
vote for your favorite animal

using the hashtags #LiveCrocodiles,

#LiveLangurs, or #LiveAnts.

And if your choice gets the most votes,

we'll take you to that animal.

And we'll be right back after this word.

JANE: Welcome back to Earth Live.

Um, we have a wolverine.

Uh, we were hoping
that this would happen live.

The elusive wolverine.

The chances of finding one
of these guys was quite rare,

and here we are in Finland.

Um, there's your wolverine.

-PHIL: I love that we got this, Jane.
-JANE: Yeah.

PHIL: This is, this is what we wanted

because there are only
around 200 of these in all of Finland,

which is about 117,000 square miles,

which is about the size of Colorado.

And, Chris, this is pretty remarkable.

CHRIS: This is remarkable, yeah.

They're one of my favorite animals.

Just look at this.

They're a member of the weasel family.

PHIL: And what a shot! Look at this shot.

-CHRIS: I know, I know.
-JANE: We've been waiting for four days

to see one of these, one of these guys.

-PHIL: That's why we're so excited.
-JANE: Excited that it's--

CHRIS: Related to weasels,
anyway, otters, badgers,

those sorts of things.

They live in the extreme north.

You get them all the way round
the top of the planet.

So they're here in Finland,
you get them in Canada,

and some of the United States, too,

all the way round Russia.

But they've got very powerful jaws

for breaking open frozen carcasses
in the wintertime.

In fact, one of the molars
in the back of their mouth

is rotated through 90 degrees,

and it gives them the ability
to smash into frozen carcasses and bones.

So a very, very powerful scavenger

and quite a powerful predator as well.

JANE: Chris, you know too much.
This is just amazing.

PHIL: He knows so much, doesn't he?

JANE: A turned molar at 90 degrees.

PHIL: How would you even know that?
But I--

Listen, something you said earlier,
which was that

there are people that study
these wolverines

and they may never ever see one.

CHRIS: They occur
at incredibly low densities.

It's just like you said, Phil, you know.
Only 200 in Finland.

In the southern states of America,

the southern 48 states, probably only 300.

Males, like this animal here,

have a range of 350 square miles.

Just one wolverine in 350 square miles.

But the reason they have
turned up is simple.

They've got a remarkable sense of smell.

-PHIL: How remarkable?
-CHRIS: Well, they've got twice the area

inside their nose that a bloodhound does,

and a bloodhound has 230 million
sensory cells picking up smell.

So they they've probably got
a sense of smell

which is at least twice better
than a bloodhound.

PHIL: And you said they can smell food
from two miles away?

CHRIS: Two miles away.
And sometimes in the winter

from many feet beneath the snow,

they'll find hibernating animals there
or those carcasses.

And somehow or other,
they've sniffed it and turned up

and what a show they've put on.

-JANE: Oh.
-(bird squawks)

PHIL: I don't want to leave
the wolverine, Jane.

But, you know, the people want to know

what the winning animal is.

-JANE: Exactly.
-PHIL: You'd like to know, Chris.

The winning animal is...

a crocodile!

That's what you want to see.

-CHRIS: Oh, look at that.
-JANE: So what do we have here, Chris?

CHRIS: Hey, you guys,
how do you feel standing there?

(light laughter)

Beneath this dinosaur relic,

I mean, this is an estuarine crocodile.

They are enormous animals.

Incredibly powerful, ambush predators.

PHIL: I'm hoping this is
a remote camera, Jane,

because I don't think

you want to be that close
to a saltwater crocodile.

CHRIS: Not even Andy Casagrande
is gonna be in alongside this guy.

There's no doubt about that.

-JANE: Oh, wow. Just amazing.
-PHIL: And very murky water.

CHRIS: Yeah. Murky water.
They don't mind that.

As I say, they like to hide
with just their eyes peeping out,

ready to ambush something.

JANE: Well, in, uh, in the world,
the animal world,

there are two very important issues.

The first thing is to eat.
You need to eat.

-PHIL: Always important.
-JANE: Always important.

Number two is to avoid being eaten.

Now, if you're not born with the instinct,
you have to learn,

like the way lions teach
their young to hunt by example.

Here's another example.

It's monkey see, monkey do

as we return live
to Koram Island in Thailand

and our macaque friends.

-CHRIS: Yeah.

Well, as you say,
it's monkey see, monkey do.

Not only are they using tools,

but they are also teaching each other

through a process called social
or cultural learning.

So the young monkeys watch
the other monkeys using the tools,

and they learn by observation.

We do this ourselves.
How many times have you watched someone

you know, making something in the kitchen
or fixing a car?

You don't make the same mistakes they do.

You go straight to the answer,

and that's what these animals do.

So again, a unique feature
of primate life.

PHIL: Chris, there seems to be
a lot of empty shells here.

Is that because they've literally
just eaten the food away?

CHRIS: Either they have
or something else has.

Yeah, they've broken them open.
And look. Again, look at this.

Oh, that is amazing.

That's amazing.

PHIL: Do you think he knows
he's on camera right now?

(light laughter)

-JANE: Doubt it.

I'm glad he showed up, though.

CHRIS: Yeah. Whoever paid the monkey,
it was money well spent.

PHIL: I'm guessing they get a few shells
in their food sometimes.

CHRIS: Yeah,
they don't get a clean oyster.

-No Tabasco or lemon for them.
-(Jane laughs)

CHRIS: And they'll, you know, obviously
filter out all of that material.

-PHIL: Big teeth.
-JANE: Yeah, big teeth. Look at that.

CHRIS: Yeah. Good teeth.

And these monkeys are also
very happy around water.

They like to bivouac overnight over water,

and if they're disturbed by a predator,

their tactic is to fall out
of the tree into the river,

into the estuary, and swim away.

So unlike many primates,

this species is actually
a very good swimmer as well.

PHIL: Wow. It's just getting
better and better.

We've got to, we've got to give
a shout-out to our cinematographers

who are just bringing us
these incredible images.

Well, we are tracking wildlife
in the Maasai Mara

with our thermal camera.

We have bats that are leaving there,

on their night rider mission right now.

And soon, millions of bats
are going to fill the skies of Texas.

And then let's not forget
that we're gonna be going back to Ethiopia

where man and hyena
get together for a bite,

a very powerful bite.

This is Earth Live.

JANE: A few moments
with our saltwater crocodile

enjoying his home
in Australia's billabong.

Well, here is the view
as the sun is setting

across the western United States.

The scene from
the International Space Station

orbiting the Earth
at over 17,000 miles per hour.

-PHIL: Ah! What a sight.
-JANE: Yep.

PHIL: And the same sun is setting

on the Bracken Cave
near San Antonio, Texas,

where the skies are continuing
to explode with bats.

Amazing bats.

And it may look like a cloud or a storm,

but you are looking at millions of bats

that are exiting the cave.

It is a swarming bat-icane.

(Jane chuckles)

PHIL: Look at that.

Slowly making their way out.

The sun has set,

and we have our moonlight cameras.

These moonlight cameras,
we would not be able to see anything

if we were using ordinary cameras,

but these moonlight cameras
allow us to see.

And let's look back on something
that we got a little while ago of a hawk

that's feeding on these bats
coming out of the cave.

And what an amazing predator
this is, Chris.

CHRIS: Yeah. Well you've got
to see these bats as bat burgers.

There were so many of them there

that this is a takeaway
for many predators every night.

So predatory birds
like these red-tailed hawks,

Swainson hawk...

Look at that.
It's just helped itself to a little bat.

PHIL: Did it just grab a bat?

CHRIS: Yeah.

PHIL: It was very difficult to see.
It happened so fast.

CHRIS: But there were so many,
and it's so predictable

they're gonna come out every night.

I mean, this is like
a supermarket opening.

You pop up every night,
and you get free food,

so it's bound to attract
lots of predators.

We see them in the air
and also on the ground.

But, guys, look at this.

This is a weather-satellite view

of the area surrounding Bracken Cave.

Now, what you're looking at there in terms
of the red and the yellow are clouds.

But this here in the center
is Bracken Cave.

Here are some other caves here
with the bats emerging,

and look at this.

They are flying out
and covering a huge area.

This is 100 miles away
from the entrance to Bracken Cave.

They may not all be coming from there,

but you can see that they're
in such significant numbers,

they're showing up on weather satellites.

-That's how many bats we've got out there.
PHIL: 20 million.

20 million of these, Chris.
It's hard to even imagine that.

CHRIS: And they're doing a brilliant job
for the farmers of Texas.

They go out, and they feed
on cotton bollworm,

and they save farmers in Texas
around $2 million a year in pest control.

-PHIL: Love it.
-JANE: That's wonderful.

Well, from bat time to monkey time.

We're returning live to Jodhpur, India,

where we left premier cinematographer
Sandesh Kadur

uh, trying to cozy up to the langurs.


-PHIL: Oh.
-MAN: It's still too wide.

KADUR (off screen): Hey, Jane.

We're back here
with the langurs in Jodhpur,

and it's so amazing
just to be here and watch them.

There's never a dull moment
with these guys.

They're always hopping around,
jumping, playing, fighting.

Look at the young one over there.

There are so many babies here.

Back to you in New York.

CHRIS: Langur monkey here.

They're a very successful group
of animals, these langurs.

They can go from sea level
to high up in the mountains,

all sorts of different habitats,
open frost, drier areas, too.

They adapt so well,
it's not surprising that they have adapted

to living in cities.

And they've got
an extraordinary digestive system.

They can eat very many
toxic fruits and leaves

that other animals can't eat.

And they've got
anaerobic bacteria in their guts

which break these down
and break the toxins down

so they can digest them.

PHIL: Ah, they move quick.

JANE: Well, we want to check
on the progress of the weaver ants.

Let's find out more about them

as Chris takes us inside the beast.

CHRIS: I love insects,
but I'm rather pleased

that there were none this big
roaming around out there.

But what about the ants?
Let's get some stats.

Well, firstly, these little girls,
and all of the workforce are female,

grow to a third of an inch in length.

Weight-wise, it's five milligrams,

which is virtually nothing, of course.

So they're small,
but they're also very smart.

These weaver ants herd aphids
just like farmers herd cows,

milking them for their precious honeydew.

Their colonies are absolutely massive.

Yes, half a million individual organisms,

and they charge through an environment,

building nest after nest.

What about these nests?

Well, they're made up of 300 leaves,

and they can be bigger
than 20 inches across.

That's bigger than a basketball.

They might be tiny,
but they're incredibly strong.

Yes, these organisms can carry
100 times their own body weight.

That's like a human being,
that's like me and you

lifting up a killer whale.

What about the global population?

Try and get your head around this.

Yes, it's said, it's thought to be
up to 10,000 trillion ants.

Guys, I can't imagine 10,000 trillion,

but whatever it is,
it's a huge number of ants.

PHIL: That is bigger
than the national debt.

JANE: Well, it's nice to know there's
a bigger number out there.

I didn't even know that.
That sounds like a fake number.

Just like the 90 degree turn
of the tooth, it just sounds fake.

Well, let's go back
to Queensland, Australia, live now

to see how our weaver ants are doing

on their rainforest view
luxury condo project.

CHRIS: Yeah. Here they are, Jane.

Still very active.

And you've got to think of these things
as a super organism.

Not just one, but many working
for the good of all.

And they're communicating
with each other the whole time.

And you can see in the center here,

some of these animals
holding onto those leaves with their jaws,

holding that leaf into position

whilst hopefully, some of the others

have gone for those glue guns
that you mentioned earlier, the larvae,

and they'll come back
and start stitching them all together.

PHIL: Chris,
this is really a wonderful shot

to be able to see what it is
they're trying to achieve.

CHRIS: Yeah. Yeah. They're trying
to build themselves a bit of security

from the weather,
from the rain, from the sun,

and also from predators, too.

And they're quick at what they do.

You know, they will build a nest
like this in, in a day.

When it dries out,
all the leaves die and dry out,

they then have to move and build
another nest elsewhere.

PHIL: I have a confession.

I have eaten one of these ants.

-CHRIS: You've eaten the ants?
-PHIL: I, I ate them in Venezuela, yes.

They're tasty little ants.

I've got to tell you. They eat them there.

JANE: Did they taste like chicken?

PHIL: No, they tasted like
little citrus snacks.

JANE: Oh, okay.

CHRIS: Do you know what?
I'm glad you said that.

In some parts of Thailand,

they collect the larvae of these ants

and they charge twice as much
as prime beef for them,

and people pay it.

Entomophagy, eating insects.

And they think that because of
how expensive it is to farm beef,

we may all, at some stage in the future,

have to start eating a lot more insects.

What about you, Jane? Are you
gonna get your teeth into those?

JANE: I haven't, but if I had to, I would.

PHIL: They get caught in your teeth.

JANE: What? Hey, listen.

Let's check in with our camera
streaming live from, from Somerset,

uh, in the South of England.

And I understand we have
a visitor there, unexpected.

It's in the middle of the night,

a quiet time for a variety
of nocturnal mammals.

We're looking at a location
where the animals come to feed.

Now, Chris, this is practically
your back yard. What are we looking at?

CHRIS: Well, we're here,
we're looking at European badgers.

And these are social animals.

Live together in clans
of five to 10, sometimes up to 20.

Um, and these are foraging
out there in the woodland.

Very much like
the North American badger, of course.

And in fact, a little bit like
the honey badger in Africa,

but not quite as robust.

Another animal we have
seen here earlier is this.

-This is the red fox.
-JANE: Oh, yeah.

CHRIS: Yeah, I, I feed these
in my back yard,

but you might be feeding them
in your back yard, too.

They're a very successful small carnivore,

in fact, the most successful
small carnivore

that we have in the world.

-JANE: Wonderful. Well, look--
-CHRIS: Fantastic things.

JANE: Are we back at the studio?

Because we've got somebody
we want you to meet.

-Look. It's Yoda. No, it's not. (laughs)
-PHIL: "It's Yoda."

-JANE: How sweet.
-CHRIS: Okay, so we've gone from red fox

to the smallest fox in the world.

This is an adult, fully adult fennec fox.

Just look at this.

Comes from North Africa.

Lives in desert areas.

-PHIL: Is it a baby or...
-CHRIS: No. This is it.

This is fully adult.
It's the smallest canid in the world

and has the largest ears in proportion
to its body to any of those canids.

But, hey, Phil, look at some
of the adaptations

it's got for desert lifestyle.

First, look at the bottom of its feet.
What do you see?

PHIL: Very, very fluffy feet.

-CHRIS: Fluffy feet.
-PHIL (off screen): Yeah.

CHRIS: So it can run across red-hot sand

without burning its toes.

PHIL: And sneak up on its prey?

CHRIS: And sneak up on its prey,
which it listens for with these ears.

Very acute, of course.

Also use them for, for losing heat.

But, Jane, peer into the ear
of the fennec fox.

-JANE: Very, very furry ears.
-PHIL: Is that a trick?

(Jane laughs)

CHRIS: It has got very furry ears.

It's a burrowing animal.

They'll dig down to about a meter
and then go 10 meters into the sand.

And if you're under the ground like that,
you don't want lots of sand in your ears.

One of the unique things as well
about that adaptation to desert lifestyle

is that they don't have to drink
freestanding water.

They can get all of their water
from their food

or, if not, if there's any condensation
inside their burrow,

then they will lick the sides
of the burrow to get moisture.

PHIL: So they don't need to drink?

-JANE (off screen): Wow. That's great.

CHRIS: No drinking. Fantastic.

And I'll tell you what.
It smells gorgeous.

Have a little sniff of that.
Go on. It smells gorgeous.

PHIL: Actually, it really does smell good.

CHRIS: It smells lovely, doesn't it?

Oh. What a cutie.

PHIL: Do you love animals, Chris?

CHRIS: I very much love animals, Phil.

PHIL: I think we're getting that, yeah.

JANE: All right, while you're here,
we have more questions

from hashtag #EarthLive.

And, Chris, here's your first one.

Trevor asks, "Do weaver ants
communicate with each other

while they're building
the home, and if so, how?"

CHRIS: Constantly.
Constantly communicating.

And the way they communicate
is using a chemical sense

that we like to think of it
as a sense of smell,

but of course, they don't have noses.

And typically, they communicate
by tapping their antennae together.

So they're constantly touching one another

and, and communicating
with those chemicals.

JANE: Oh, that's wonderful.
Well, let's go to Joy's question.

Joy asks, "How are hyenas able
to eat wildebeest bones?"

CHRIS: Well, they have
enormously powerful jaws.

We've been talking about
the jaws of the bull shark.

1,340 pounds of pressure.

And we're gonna be looking
at crocodiles obviously soon,

their bite pressure,
but hyenas are right up there.

And they'll bite through
to the center of the bone

to get the marrow out.

Really, really rich bone marrow.
That's what they're after.

-JANE: Full of protein, right?
-CHRIS: Full of protein.

Full of protein. Not to be wasted
if you're a hyena.

JANE: Exactly. Well, I enjoy bone marrow
at the restaurant. Quite good.

Well, thank you for all your questions
and your comments.

Keep them coming
using the hashtag #EarthLive.

PHIL: Well, I have a question for you.

What animal has the stronger bite?

A cackling hyena

or the killer saltwater crocodile?

We'll be right back with the answer.

This is Earth Live.

JANE (off screen): Welcome back
to Earth Live, everyone,

on the best night of the year

to be looking at wildlife
across the globe.

And as you can see
on our beautiful wall back here,

look at all the locations
where we've got our cameras.

Our cinematographers are in position.

Our live cameras are rolling,

and Phil Keoghan has something to say.

PHIL: I just came
from looking at the monitors,

and apparently, we need to go back
to Ethiopia for the hyenas.

We've got to get there back right now.

-JANE: Great, great.
-PHIL: Bob Poole is there,

and, uh, hopefully, we are going
to see something special.

(Abbas speaking
foreign language, whistling)

PHIL: That is a brave man.

(Jane chuckles)

BOB: This is absolutely amazing.

I'm out here in total darkness.

You wouldn't even see this

if it wasn't for this amazing
moonlight camera.

But look at these hyenas.

They're literally coming right up
to me now, right up to my camera.

I've never had an opportunity
to be this close to hyenas.

Look at the size of these things.

Look right there. It's just,
it's just a big animal.

And what, what Abbas is doing here
is, is not for fun.

This is an ancient tradition
that they've done for-forever

to ward off evil spirits.

(Abbas speaking
foreign language, whistling)

BOB: But for me, this is...
this is just an amazing thing.

You know, I've loved hyenas all my life,

and to be able to spend time like this,

especially in such proximity
with hyenas...

just an incredible thing.

-You know, I don't know...
-(Abbas yelling)

BOB: ...but this has just been
one of the greatest,

amazing privileges of my life

to be out like this with the hyenas.

Back to you, New York.

-PHIL: Oh, I love that.
-JANE: Wonderful.

PHIL: I, I-- Jane, I don't know about you,

but boy, that would be really,
really tough

to be there right now, don't you think?

JANE: I sure love hyenas,
but I don't know I'd get that close.

-PHIL: Oh, man.

JANE: Oh, my goodness.

PHIL: I think what we're gonna do is
we are going to go,

and we want to share the planet with you.

You know, this is what I love
about Earth Live, Jane,

is that we can just travel

around the world
(snaps fingers) like that.

Normally, you've got to get on a plane,
you got to take a long plane ride.

But we can go down under,
we can go to Darwin, Australia.

We can go to a billabong,

-which is Aussie slang for stagnant water.
-JANE: I know this.

-Stagnant-- A pool of water, of course.
-PHIL: Yeah. Exactly.

And we have our cameras focused
on a terrifying predator

with the most powerful jaws

ever measured in the animal kingdom.

Saltwater crocodiles.

These relics of the dinosaur era

strike fear into unsuspecting prey
across the planet,

chomping their victims with lethal force.

In 2015 alone,

salties accounted
for 55 recorded fatal attacks.

In Australia, these creatures lurk
in the rivers and rule the billabongs

of the northern territories.

Their powerful mouths contain
up to 68 strong teeth.

These modern-day giants
of the reptile world can weigh

more than a ton.

How close do you want to get?

Well, we are going to get very close.

We're going live now to Northern Australia

where, Chris, apparently the crocs,

they've woken up
and, and now we are going in

and we are going to measure
the bite of a crocodile.

CHRIS: Yeah.
This guy here has got a special tool

which will measure hopefully
the bite force of these animals.

Now, he is going to actually have
to behave like prey,

so going close to the edge of the water.

He is making the mistake

of treading in it with this machine.

MAN (off screen): Come on, Smaug.

CHRIS: And the crocodile,
which is waiting under the water--

Oh, it's missed it. It's missed it.

-PHIL: Oh!

-CHRIS: Go on!
-JANE: Oh!

-(laughing) Oh, my gosh!

JANE: That is a brave guy.
Oh, my goodness.

PHIL: You could say brave or you c--

-JANE: O-or stupid?
-PHIL: Yeah.

-I hope he's insured.
-JANE: Yes.

CHRIS: What we were trying
to do there is measure--

Well, there's still a chance.
Let's just, let's give it one more go

to see if the croc will take this.

-JANE: And that other guy...
-CHRIS: It's got to bite the rubber loop,

and on the top, there is a gauge

that will tell us how many pounds
per square inch

the crocodile's jaw will close at.

MAN: Can you see him?

PHIL: And this gentleman is actually

the world's leading crocodile biologist,
I understand.

CHRIS: He is. Yeah, he is.

-Now, the world record--
-PHIL: This is tricky, Chris, right,

because you've got
to measure the distance.

-CHRIS: Yeah.
-MAN: Hooked up on his jaw.

I couldn't get it back in in time.

CHRIS: Okay.

I'm not sure we're going
to get a bite there,

but I can tell you
that the world record bite

was 3,869 pounds of pressure.

That's a bone-crushing bite.

If we get this, we-we'll come back

to get a measure
for this particular animal.

But we're talking about
the most powerful bite on the planet.

You know, if one of them
gets hold of your leg,

those teeth are gonna sink in.

It is not going to break your bone.
It's gonna powder the bone in your leg.

And then it's gonna hang on

because their tongue is fused
to the bottom of their mouth.

They can't chew.

So what they do to dismember
their prey is the death roll.

They go back into the water and spin
round and round to dismember.

I mean, I got to tell you, you don't want
to get eaten by a crocodile.

PHIL: And you don't want to get too close.

-JANE: No, no.
-PHIL: Yeah.

PHIL: As much as we're doing all of this--

JANE: Hopefully,
it's a quick death, though.

Hopefully it's not something that lingers.

PHIL: We're gonna go back live in Oregon

or should I say high above Oregon?

-JANE: Well, you should.
-PHIL: Yeah.

Widow is there,
the golden eagle, also known as

the National Geographic
cinematographer Widow,

and just look at the view
that we're getting from--

Well, hopefully, we'll get
the shot from her point of view

which is absolutely extraordinary.

Right now, she is soaring, uh,
well, quite a way off the ground there.

Not exactly, exactly sure how high,

but she has this six-foot wingspan,
very light body.

There's the POV. Look at that.

JANE: There's the POV. Look at that. Yes.

She's trained to fly to the lure.

This is a method of hunting
called a stoop, is that right?

PHIL: Yeah. Stooping, I guess,
is when they dive,

and the speed's truly extraordinary.

Almost 200 miles an hour, which, uh...

Wow. I mean, 200 miles an hour.
I, I don't--

I feel like there's very few birds
on Earth that go as fast as this,

and Widow is wearing an accelerometer,

and that allows scientists
to see just how fast she can go.

It's awesome.

JANE: Oh, look who's coming.
Speaking of awesome.

CHRIS: This is a male golden eagle.

Typically a bit smaller than the females.

Considerably smaller, actually.

But it gives us a sense of scale,

-just how big these birds are.
-JANE (off screen): Yes. Yeah.

And if I'm gentle,
I can get him to open his wings.

-JANE: Look at that wingspan. My goodness.
-CHRIS: Yeah.

Look at that...

-PHIL (off screen): Stunning.

JANE: Look at those talons, oh.

CHRIS: So it's not just a long wing.

It's a very broad wing as well.

It's about soaring, saving energy

as we have seen Widow doing there.

But as you mentioned, Phil,
when they go into a stoop,

if they're chasing aerial prey,
birds, stooping at those,

at least 150 miles per hour
they're coming down.

PHIL: That's extraordinary.

And a couple of things I'm noticing.

-Very large eyes.
-CHRIS (off screen): Yeah.

PHIL: And the beak.

But as Jane was saying, the talons or,

I was going to say claws,
but the right word is talons.

-CHRIS: Massive talons.

I mean, look at this one here.

The one at the front here,
which is not the largest.

The one at the back you can't see is.

This one's over an inch and a half.

It's got obviously four on each foot.

That's like eight daggers.

When they grab their prey,
they sink these in,

puncture its internal organs,
suffocate it.

And the other thing is
they've got tendons in their leg here

which are like ratchets.

So once they've locked onto their prey,

there's just no getting out.

-There's no getting away.
-JANE: Yeah.

A very, very impressive bird
and beautiful, too.

JANE: Gorgeous. Look at those eyes.

PHIL: And this is a rescue bird?

CHRIS: This is a rescue bird. You see
the wing is slightly dropped on this side?

It's got a pin in it,

so this one won't be able to fly again.

It's an old bird.
Twenty years old, this bird.

And of course, the benefit
of having it in captivity

is that it can act
as an ambassador for its kind.

In the United States,
the golden eagles are doing quite well

as they are in Europe, too.

But in many other parts of the world,
raptors are struggling.

So the more people that love them,

the more people will look after them.

PHIL: Chris, we love having you around

because you just know so much
because believe me,

it would be a very different show
if it was just Jane and I.

JANE: I know. For sure.

PHIL: The moon is lower
in the sky over Kenya,

but we are going to go back.

Why? Well, it's just so beautiful there.

The Maasai Mara with the lions
and other predators

and then, of course,
there's the Australian weaver ants,

and they are racing against time.

We asked them to finish their home
before the end of the show.

We'll see if they'll be able to do it.

This is Earth Live.

JANE: There's Widow,

soaring high above the Oregon high desert.

PHIL: We're back on Earth Live.

I think Widow's one of
the better cinematographers tonight,

but we have seen
some extraordinary things,

and we want to try to fit in
as much as we can, Jane,

before the show ends.

JANE: The show is over,
so we got to rock 'n' roll.

PHIL: What should we do right now?
You want to go back to Australia?

JANE: Yeah. Let's go back to Queensland.

PHIL: Okay, Queensland, Australia,
for the final episode of...

JANE: Extreme Makeover: Leaf Edition.

And check in on our industrious
weaver ants.

CHRIS: They've been really busy, guys,

as you can see from this shot here.

They're drawing
all of these leaves together.

And if you look carefully there.
In fact, I can draw on the screen.

If you look down there in that area,

you can see some of the silk
which they've produced

using their... larvae.

Just trying to see if there is any larva.

I can't see any larvae there
at the moment.

Basically, they go into
another nest when it's dark,

there are no predators about,

they carry the mature larvae over,

and they use these for sticking
the leaves together.

They produce a silk.

Now, typically, animals produce a silk
to produce the cocoon

so that they can pupate successfully.

In this species, they can't do that

because they're exhausted
of all of their silk

that you can see here

before they get the chance to pupate.

So this is a special adaptation
for these weavers.

PHIL: Beautiful cinematography.

JANE: Indeed.

CHRIS: And look at the little hole
there on this side.

I think I can highlight that.

If you look at that area there,

you can see where they've made
an entrance into their nest.

PHIL: How do they know what to do?

CHRIS: Well,
they're constantly communicating

using a chemical sense.

They touch their antennae together.

I mean, ants might be small,

but they have remarkable little brains.

They will teach one another things,

so if one ant learns where there's food,

it will actually lead
another ant to that food

and teach it the route
from the nest to the food,

constantly waiting for it to catch up,

waiting for it to learn
the direction from the sun.

They're clever little organisms,
these things.

PHIL: Wow.

Well, our cameras are still live

in 17 countries on six continents.

We've seen some extraordinary things.

Have a look at this.

CHRIS: This is the Cayman Isles.

This is a boulder coral,
and it's a cleaning station.

So, many of the reef fish will come here

to have parasites removed

by a species of wrasse, cleaner wrasse.

It's a win-win situation.

The visiting fish lose the parasites.

The cleaner wrasse gets food.

Here we are. This is
at the bottom of the ocean.

I'm not sure how deep,

but this is from
Robert Ballard's remote camera.

Extraordinary life that we see
at the bottom of the seas here.

Very alien. Enormous pressure.
Low temperatures.

Nothing like the sort of life
you get on the surface.

In South Africa, something
much more familiar to us,

much more popular.

This is the largest terrestrial animal

that we have at the moment,
of course, African elephant

out there at a water hole this evening.

Beautiful sight.

And here in the United States,
there's a red fox

just like the one
we were watching in the UK.

As I said, the most successful
small carnivore

that we have got on the planet
found over a vast area

coming to this pool.

We have also seen raccoons
coming to this pool as well.

A fantastic view
of this lovely, little animal.

Great to be able to skip around the world

and see all these animals
live in real time,

living different lives
in different places,

but thankfully all prospering.

JANE: Indeed. Indeed.

-And I think we should go back to Alaska.
-PHIL: Is that all right with you?

JANE: Yeah, let's do
the SnotBot thing again.

PHIL: I just can't get enough
of the SnotBot.

JANE: Yeah, that was successful
right out of the box.

Just an amazing, amazing moment.

PHIL: This is earlier today,
and there, you can see a humpback whale

coming the surface, blowing out air

through these, the two little--

Would you call them blow pipes, Chris?

CHRIS: Yeah.
Its nasal openings on the top there.

-It-its blow--
-JANE: There's two of them?

CHRIS: Yeah, there are two.
In some species, one.

In this species, they have two.

PHIL: And we were trying
to get our SnotBot.

Well, I should say Dr. Kerr and his team

were trying to get the SnotBot
to go right through that big--

What? Puff of, of watery air.

CHRIS: Yeah. Do you know what, Phil?
I've been in one of these whale blows.

-It's not a pleasant experience.
-(Jane chuckles)

CHRIS: It's like being showered

with a lot of greasy, boiled cabbage.

-PHIL: Doesn't sound good.
-CHRIS: Stinks for the rest of the day.

But it's full of valuable material,

and what we are looking at here
is a fantastic opportunity

to get, to get, um,
data from these animals.

What we have also seen these humpbacks
doing, though, is this.

This is called bubble netting.

So, the whales dive deep down,

and a collection of them
make a spiral of bubbles

which encloses a collection of fish.

They then rise up

through the center
of this spiral of bubbles,

which acts as a curtain
hemming all the fish in

and take in enormous gulps of, of water.

-JANE: Ah!
-CHRIS: But listen to this.

(humpback whales calling loudly)

This is sound as a weapon.

What the whale is doing here is using this
in conjunction with the bubble net

to not only make a visual screen
but a sonic screen

and also to disrupt
an organ called the swim bladder in fish.

It's this that keeps them buoyant.

And what we think is
that this unique sound

upsets them, makes them giddy,
disorientates them,

and therefore makes them easier
for the whales to catch.

And what's interesting
is that it's only this one group

of whales off of Alaska

that produce these remarkable sounds
and a beautiful sound, too.

Let's have one last listen.

(calling continues)

PHIL: Almost as nice a voice
as yours, Jane.

JANE: Oh, well, thank you so much.

PHIL: You know, let's go back to Kenya

live again with Sophie Darlington
and her lovely lion.

She's so passionate about these lions,

and we love to see it.

CHRIS: They have all gorged themselves
on their mother's milk,

and they have fallen asleep

on her belly there in the moonshine

of the Maasai Mara.

SOPHIE (off screen): I've been
filming lions for 25 years

and I've loved them
for as long as I can remember.

And tonight has
completely reminded me why.

I look down, and there they are.

They're so tender and beautiful,

these gorgeous little cubs
that we've seen.

And lions,
they go from funny to formidable

in just, like, a flick of an instant,

and it's been such a pleasure.

Thank you. Back to you in the studio.

-JANE: Aww.

PHIL: I think I want to cry, Jane.

JANE: I know. That is just so beautiful.

-CHRIS: It's gorgeous.
-PHIL: Oh, it really is lovely.

JANE: Oh, that.

PHIL: Could not have done that
without the MoonCam.

Just wouldn't have been able to see them.

Well, you know what I think we should do?

Just get one more check-in
with the wolverine in Finland

because it's so rare to see them.

So let's go back.
Can we cut back to, to Finland?

CHRIS: Oh, look at that.

-PHIL: Lovely contrast, right?
-CHRIS: Yeah.

JANE: And it's bright sunlight
in Finland now.

-CHRIS: Yeah.
-JANE: All day long, right?

CHRIS: All day long. All night long.

Doesn't get dark there
at this time of year.

PHIL: What is he doing?

CHRIS: He's rooting around for food,

using that nose to find the food

that's out there in the woodland.

And you can see
that very water repellent coat.

-PHIL: Guess what?
-JANE: Bite test.

PHIL: They've got the bite
with the crocodile in Australia.

-CHRIS: Yeah?
-PHIL: Yeah. Let's check it out.

This is from earlier.

-JANE: Oh.
-MAN (off screen): Get back. Get back.

PHIL: They were determined
to get that bite.

-JANE: Oh, my gosh.
-CHRIS: They've lost the stick.

They need to recover that with the device.

PHIL: Ugh! Okay.

Now, you mentioned
how powerful the bite was?

CHRIS: Yeah. They measure it
in pounds per square inch.

The record, 3,869 pounds
of pressure in that jaw.

PHIL: Jane, could I pay you enough money

to stand next to a saltwater crocodile
and measure the bite?

JANE: I'm so glad that they did

and that they did it for us live.

Well, this has been awe-inspiring
and humbling

to get this close to all this wildlife.

Never before have I,

and I think I can speak
for everybody here,

felt so connected with the animals

with whom we share this planet.

Now, we may not have seen
all ten million species,

but hey, there's always next year.

Tonight, we did something I think
has never been done before.

We brought you Earth live.

Thanks so much for watching.

It's been a once in a lifetime experience.

Wait. Maybe twice in a lifetime.
What about next year, guys?

PHIL: I'd come ba--
I've got it in my calendar.

-JANE: Good.
-CHRIS: I've had the time of my life.

-I'm happy to come back.
-JANE: Well, there you have your answer.

Count me in, too. Goodnight, everybody.

-PHIL: Goodnight.
-CHRIS: Goodnight. Goodnight.

Captioned by Point.360