Drugs as Weapons Against Us: The CIA War on Musicians and Activists (2018) - full transcript

Evidence supports that the CIA manipulated musicians and activists to promote drugs for social control, particularly regarding the Civil Rights and anti-war movements. Some musicians that resisted these manipulations were killed.

This film is based on the book

Drugs as Weapons Against Us:
The CIA's Murderous Targeting

of SDS, Panthers, Hendrix,
Lennon, Cobain, Tupac

and Other Activists,
by John Potash.

by ElectroCult Circus]

The story of how the CIA used
drugs as weapons against us,
starts with European merchants

making huge profits
in opium sales.

Opium is derived
from poppy flowers
and is the precursor

for making opioid painkillers
and heroin.

The British East India Company, the world's first leader
in opium profiteering,

obtained its opium
from poppy fields

in an area
of the British colonies

along the Himalayan
mountain range,

between Afghanistan
and Vietnam,

the world's largest regions
of poppy fields.

A group of American opium
shipping families

partnered with the
British East India Company

to gain vast wealth
and global dominance.

The wealthy political families

of the
British East India Company

influenced their country's

in two opium wars
with China from 1839 to 1860.

When the new trend
of opium smoking

began to become
a severe problem in China,

its leadership tried to ban

the importation
of opium into China.

In response, Britain fought
two wars with China,

eventually forcing China
into a treaty,

relinquishing control
of its ports and trade,

as well as accepting
the British opium imports.

This resulted in a crippling
widespread epidemic
of opium addiction in China.

Britain subsequently gained
cheap access to China's

gained control
of the main Shanghai province

inside what is called,
the Golden Triangle
for opium crops,

and separated
Hong Kong from China.

The BBC reported that Britain
continued shipping opium into China well into the 1900s.

So this most bustling of
British colonies was built

on a drug
which stupefies people.

Even more remarkably,
the British continued to ship

opium into China until
well into the 20th century.

by ElectroCult Circus]

In America, the Russell family
rose to the top

of all the opium shipping
families in their work

with the British East
India Company in the 1700s.

ThisYale Standard article describes how they intermarried

with other wealthy
New England families

such as the Cabot's
and Pierpont's.

Tycoon, John Pierpont,
J.P. Morgan,

descended from
the latter family.

The Harvard Business Library
company description details

how the Russell's became
the top opium shipping family.

These families put much wealth
into the Ivy League colleges

and formed secret societies,
such as Yale's Skull and Bones
in 1833,

who gave their members
today's equivalent

of $200,000 each
upon graduation.

New York Times number one
bestselling author,

James Bradley, had previously
written the book,

Flags of Our Fathers,
which was made into
a Clint Eastwood movie.

He spoke about his third book,
The Imperial Cruise,
at the Atlanta History Center.

His research for that book
uncovered how many of

the Ivy League colleges were
started by top opium traders.

Cabot House at Harvard,
I discovered,
that's opium money.

You know the Skull and Bones
Society at Yale,

that was built by,
and is still supported today,
by the Russell trust.

The Russell family
were the biggest
opium dealers in China.

If you were
appointed the president

of Columbia University

it's the Low Library,
that's dedicated
to an opium dealer.

The biggest initial benefactor
to Princeton University

was John Green.
John Green was an opium dealer

along with Warren Delano
out there in Canton.

[narrator] The wealthiest
American families' power
and influence

led them to start
three major programs

for shaping society
at home and abroad.

They founded
the eugenics movement,

they started the
Central Intelligence Agency,

and they initiated
Operation Mockingbird,

to gain vast influence
over people's belief
via control of the media.

Chicago Tribune's syndicated
columnist, Edwin Black,

documented the history
of the genocidal
eugenics program

that deemed
these ethnic groups"
Irish, Italians, Jews,

Blacks, Asians,
and Hispanics

as inferior
and in need of sterilization,
as well as elimination.

After World War II,
highest level
CIA whistle blower,

Victor Marchetti,
a former assistant
to deputy director,

said that the wealthiest white Anglo-Saxon protestant families

started the CIA
and placed themselves

at the top of the US
intelligence hierarchy.

British Magazine editor,
Frances Stonor Saunders

also detailed the history
of the CIA this way.

C-SPAN covered Frances Stonor
Saunders speaking

at the National Archives
about how the CIA spent

vast amounts of money
on foundations that funded

virtually all of the
well-known American
artists and writers

for at least several decades
after its 1947 inception.

She said they did this
in an attempt to control

the way Americans
thought and acted.

The US government,
through its intelligence
and espionage arm,

poured huge resources
into a cultural
propaganda campaign.

A central feature
of this campaign

was to advance the claim
that it didn't exist.

The CIA was in effect,
acting as America's
hidden Ministry of Culture.

Whether they liked it or not,
whether they knew it or not,

there were few writers,
poets, artists, historians,

scientists or critics
in post-war Europe
and indeed America,

whose names were not
in some way linked
to this covert enterprise.

A vital constituent
of this effort
was psychological warfare.

The most effective
counter-propaganda was defined

the kind where
"The subject moves
in the direction you desire

for reasons which he
believes to be his own.

It's useless to dispute
these definitions,

they are littered across
government documents,

the... of American
post-war cultural diplomacy.

by ElectroCult Circus]

The eugenics-funding

led by the J.P. Morgan
and Rockefeller families

used their immense wealth
and power to gain vast control

over Americans' information
in various ways.

For example, Cal Berkeley
Journalism School Dean,

Ben Bagdikian,
in his book,
The Media Monopoly,

detailed how the wealthiest
families bought up

the majority of the media
organizations in the 19-teens,

before sharing media boards
of directors with those

in the top multinational

Bagdikian found that
increasing monopolization

has reached the point
of six corporations

controlling over 90%
of our information.

Also, Watergate muckraker,
Carl Bernstein,

then published the findings
of the US Senate
Church Committee in 1977,

that showed
how over 400 members
of the media,

mostly the ownership
and management,

lived dual lives in
their work for the CIA.

The Rockefeller
and J.P. Morgan lawyer,
Allen Dulles,

headed the OSS
and then became
the CIA director

when he helped save
thousands of Nazis

to do the oligarchy's bidding
at home and abroad.

Attorney John Loftus,
worked for
the Justice Department

in President Jimmy Carter's

when he was
assigned to research

US intelligence files
on saving Nazis.

Nazi scientists, doctors,
and engineers were brought

to the US and put on
the government payroll

in a top-secret operation
run by joint chiefs of staff

under the code name

One of the CIA's top
collaborative projects
with Nazi scientists

involved exploring
how they could use
drugs in warfare

against leftist leaders
in the US and abroad.

These projects evolved
into the CIA's top program

that it started in 1953,
Project MKUltra,

focusing on the use of LSD
and other drugs
in these applications.

One of MKUltra's top sites
was the same location

where the oligarchs ran
the eugenics program,

Cold Spring Harbor.

MKUltra scientists developed
a psychedelic hit list

of leftist leaders
from Latin America to Africa.

For example, they planned to
target Cuba's Fidel Castro

and Che Guevara, as well as
Ghana independence leader,

Kwame Nkrumah, all of
whom they planned to dose,

meaning to
involuntarily give LSD.

Congressional hearings
eventually exposed
project MKUltra

running from 1953 to 1964,

after researchers found
that its name
was changed to MKSearch,

which ran until at least 1973.

The congressional committed
gathered 16,000 documents
on Project MKUltra

and found that it included
149 sub-projects.

[man] The hearing
coincides with the release
of 16,000 pages

of declassified CIA documents
about the agency's project,

ran from 1953 to 1964.

It is from these documents
and the findings
of the sub-committee,

that investigators can piece
together some of the projects

that were part of the largest
mind control program

in the history
of the United States.

[narrator] The CIA's
MKUltra program became an umbrella name for operations

involving drugs
and also hypnosis.

This picture is from
a documentary detailing

how MKUltra scientists
first offered incentives

to over 1,000 soldiers
at Edgewood Arsenal to try LSD

and two dozen other
MKUltra drugs,

listed here from one final
report from 1955 to 1967.

In another report on just LSD,
when surveyed up to
19 years later,

about a quarter of these
test subjects

stated still having lasting
negative effects from LSD.

Other experimental tests showed that LSD was contributing

to minor cerebral damage
and further mental health

[man] But the
Army's own study revealed

one disturbing
and forgotten statistic,

24% of the volunteers
re-examined had reported

long-term adverse effects,
not physical,
but psychological.

[narrator] While this document
shows the CIA

was working on the use
of LSD and other drugs

for unconventional warfare,

evidence supports
that the battlefield

would include whoever opposed

their racist, pro-war agenda,
particularly Americans.

MKUltra scientists
then conducted what this
US Senate report said was,

"Projects involving
the surreptitious
administration of LSD

to unwitting non-volunteer
subjects at all social levels.

One key reason
may have been related to
a CIA document statement

of a developing goal of using
LSD to develop means for
the control of the activities

and mental capacities
of individuals,
whether willing or not.

Accumulating evidence
suggests this would become

the unstated achievement
and the CIA's MKUltra agents'

motivation for
its ever-increasing
distribution of LSD.

Activist Paul Robeson Jr.,

has presented
overwhelming evidence

supporting that
the CIA targeted

his extraordinary father

by placing a psychedelic drug
in his drinks.

Paul Robeson Sr. was an
All-American football player
in college,

he graduated from
Columbia University Law School

and was a world renowned
singer and activist,

and he eventually learned
to speak 20 languages.

Several weeks before
a planned trip to meet with

Cuban leaders Fidel Castro
and Che Guevara in 1961,

Paul Robeson had traveled
to Moscow to sing and lecture.

Americans in his hotel threw
a surprise party in the room
next to his,

and convinced him to attend.

Paul Robeson Jr.
described this incident

to Amy Goodwin
onDemocracy Now!,
the radio program.

[Paul Jr.] Wild party,
all kinds of people wandering
in and out,

including dissidents,

Obviously, anti-Soviet people
disturbed him very much.

What happened was,
he told me afterwards,

a couple days later
when I saw him,

he was in good condition,

that he had hallucinated,

not to give the details,

but like you do on an LSD trip, then been terribly depressed.

-[Amy] What is BZ?
-[Paul Jr.]
BZ is a special drug

to produce extreme
and then extreme depression,

developed by the CIA.

LSD was developed on
many campuses, you see,

and the spinoff
from the experiments,

it was LSD, which is a
weaker version of BZ.

But the BZ was used
on Frank Olsen
and on other victims

to get rid of
political enemies,
foreign and domestic.

[narrator] Robeson Sr.
ended up in a hospital
under the care of doctors,

who used MKUltra
de-patterning techniques,

they gave Robeson
54 electroconvulsive
shock treatments

at overly high doses,

permanently damaging his mind
and sabotaging his career.

The CIA appeared to
expand its work to target

the ever-increasing amount
of leftist student activists
across the US

American students had taken
up Martin Luther King's

civil rights movement
with Freedom Summer
bus rides down south.

Students also began
organizing to oppose
the increasing war in Vietnam.

The CIA hid their work
on the MKUltra program

behind a group
it secretly funded
out of Cornell University

called the Human Ecology Fund.

That fund gave large
financial grants to over
a hundred colleges,

along with a hundred
prisons and hospitals
around the country.

The institutions
conducted experiments,

offering money to test subjects for taking psychedelic
mushrooms and LSD.

Timothy Leary, seen here,
gained the most notoriety

from these CIA-funded
college experiments.

Timothy Leary used LSD
and other psychedelics

on paid student
volunteers at Harvard,
from about 1960 to 1963,

where he worked
as a psychology professor.

[psychedelic music]

Harvard kicked Leary,

and his collaborating
fellow professor,

Richard Alpert,
out of the university

near the end
of the 1963 school year.

Leary ended up starting
an international

organization promoting LSD use.

Two members of one of the
world's wealthiest families

stepped in to aid
Leary's promotion
and distribution of acid.

William Mellon Hitchcock,
seen right, with Leary

and his sister,
Peggy Mellon Hitchcock,

put a massive amount of money
into Leary's group.

The Mellon Hitchcock family owned Mellon Bank and Gulf Oil,

while also having members
who were US intelligence

Leary housed his group
in William Hitchcock's
New York mansion

on a 2,300-acre estate
in Millbrook, New York,

from late 1963 until late 1966.

We know we don't have
the full story.
We do, however,

have some striking new
revelations and insights.

It was here
that the first halting steps
toward mind control began.

The safe houses were not
the only testing grounds,

millions of dollars
would be spent on LSD research

at universities
throughout the country,

and word would begin
to spread on campus

about this so-called
mind-blowing drug.

And suddenly, there was the
counterculture of the 60s.

Dr. Timothy Leary, the 1960s
Johnny Appleseed of LSD.

The CIA funded and supported
and encouraged hundreds

of young psychiatrists
to experiment with this drug.

[narrator] In 1975, one of
New York's top alternative
newspaper publishers,

East Village Other founder,
Walter Bowart,

interviewed Timothy Leary
forFreedom Magazine.

Alex Constantine and the
late Jim Keith both reprinted
this interview.

Leary admitted in 1975 that,

"80% of my movements,
80% of the decisions I made,

were suggested to me
by CIA people.

I've known this for
ten years, and yes,

I was a witting agent
of the CIA."

MKUltra scientists,
doctors, and agents,

such as Dr. Humphry Osmond
and Captain Alfred Hubbard,

proceeded to set up shop
at the Millbrook estate.

They supplied Leary
and his cohorts

with many different experimental psychedelic drugs.

Many of New York's
influential leftist artists
and entertainers

were lured to Millbrook,
or eventually convinced

by the Leary type
of propaganda to try acid.

Evidence showed that
the CIA and FBI

opposed the Martin Luther King
led civil rights movement.

These CIA scientist
activities were diverting
white New York City students,

one of the largest sources
of Freedom Riders,

luring them
to the Millbrook estate

and damaging their minds.

[narrator] US intelligence
also opposed
the leftist activists

in the
historically progressive
San Francisco Bay area.

MKUltra targeted students
enrolled at the University
of California-Berkeley,

who took part in civil rights
and free speech work
by promoting LSD parties.

Nearby, Stanford University,
had already been conducting

MKUltra experiments,
funded by the CIA's
front group,

the Human Ecology Fund.

Stanford University
graduate writing student,

Ken Kesey, accepted money to
try acid as part of that study

at a nearby
Stanford-affiliated hospital.

Within several weeks,
the scientists
curiously offered

their experiment subject Kesey
a job at the hospital,

and gave him keys
to the LSD supply.

Then they allowed
Kesey to confiscate
unlimited amounts of LSD.

Kesey, a college wrestler,
who had barely ever been
drunk before the experiment,

held regular parties with
alcohol, marijuana, and acid

at his home
in the Stanford area.

Evidence would come out
that this was similar

to Leary's MKUltra
Millbrook estate parties.

When the MKUltra university
experiments ended,
around 1963,

an interesting romantic couple, Augustus Owsley Stanley III,
and Mary Cargill,

stepped into supply Ken Kesey
with vast amounts of acid.

This couple came from
two of America's
wealthiest families.

Owsley Stanley's family
was Kentucky blue-blood.

Owsley's father
was a government lawyer
and his grandfather

was a Kentucky governor
and US senator.

A Kentucky county
bears his family name.

Cargill's family founded
America's largest
privately-owned company.

Owsley supplied Kesey,
and then California,
with unlimited acid.

The super-wealthy
Mellon Hitchcock family

soon joined Owsley Stanley in trafficking acid nationwide.

The Mellon Hitchcock-backed
new organization,

The Brotherhood of Eternal
Love, helped make Owsley,

seen here
with the Grateful Dead's
Jerry Garcia,

America's largest acid supplier by around 1967.

Chemist and engineer,
Tim Scully, assisted Owsley.

In the summer of 1964,
Owsley, Kesey, and a group

who called themselves
the Merry Pranksters,

used a trip Kesey
was making to New York

as an excuse to start
a cross-country

promotional tour of acid.

Arriving in New York City,
they would end up

riding through
Harlem, New York,

in July of 1964,

around the time of the largest
civil rights riot to date.

Was this a purposeful

of this neighborhood to acid?

That the Pranksters
would later bring acid

to Watch Los Angeles in 1966,

after blacks rioted against police brutality there, suggests it was.

Ken Kesey and the Pranksters
then returned to
the San Francisco Bay area,

and threw the first
Acid Test party
with the band the Warlocks.

The party was held at Prankster Ken Babbs' 400-acre ranch.

The Acid Test band the Warlocks soon changed their name
to the Grateful Dead.

Acid Tests were parties with
large amounts of Kool-Aid
mixed with many hits of acid.

Many people would be
involuntarily dosed
by each cup they drank.

Ex-Marine officer, Ken Babbs,
and former Army commander,
Stewart Brand,

proceeded to organize
a three-night acid test

that they called
the Trips Festival.

Thousands attended this event,
and many were voluntarily,

and involuntarily,
introduced to acid there.

One very important aspect
of these Acid Tests

came out of a reprinted
legal deposition

given by top CIA MKUltra
psychologist, John Gittinger.

In his book,
A Terrible Mistake,
Hank Albarelli

quoted Gittinger as saying
that he and several other

MKUltra scientists had attended the Trips Festival and other Acid Tests.

He said they tried to
blend in unnoticed,

unlike some other federal
agents at one of the parties.

This and other evidence
strongly suggests that these

scientists helped conceive
and organize the Acid Tests.

The fact that Ken Babbs
and Stewart Brand

held important military posts

just before coming
into the Pranksters,

suggests they and others were
undercover MKUltra agents.

Merry Prankster, Stewart Brand, was interviewed by

the media group Big Think,
and asked,

"Which shaped you more,
the military or
the Merry Pranksters?"

Which was more important
between Merry Pranksterdom

and US infantry?
They're about equal,
and matched,

and sort of book ends,
in a way,
because I was at Fort Dix

and my weekends,
I was running basic training
as a second lieutenant there,

and then my weekends were in
the Lower East Side in New York,

hanging out with artists
and the group
that'd later be called Usgo,

and messing with
psychedelic drugs,

and the weekend, week contrast
was just the sort of life
you wanna have as a young man.

I was in charge of a platoon,
and 50 people,

including some very
experienced sergeants.

One of the things I found
with Merry Pranksters,

and the Ken Kesey group
is that there were a number

of ex-military people
in that group.

Kesey was not,
but his number two, Ken Babbs,

had been a helicopter
with Marines in Vietnam.

[narrator] While Kesey
went down to Mexico
to avoid possible jail time,

Babbs, Brand,
and the remaining Pranksters

organized several more
similarly large Acid Tests.

It was then that they
had their Acid Test

in the Watts area
of Los Angeles,

after one of the nation's
largest ever race riots.

Activists alternatively
called these race rebellions

as people protested
and set fires in response to

civil rights abuses
and police brutality.

A pattern appeared to become
increasingly more distinct

in the similarities between
the Prankster's Acid Test

and Timothy Leary's
CIA MKUltra work

against civil rights
and anti-war activists.

Pranksters introduced acid
to college students

from the activist hotbed
of Cal-Berkeley

and San Jose State University,
along with introducing acid

to radical blacks
from Harlem to Watts.

Pranksters also participated
in the first San Francisco

anti-Vietnam war marches,

urging people
to stop protesting

and instead to only turn
their backs on the war.

Meanwhile, the Vietnam
War continued to expand.

Professor Al McCoy's book,
The Politics of Heroin,

details US intelligences
vast opium
and heroin trafficking

from Vietnam to the US

Some of the largest
opium-producing poppy fields
in the world

grew in the Southeast Asian
Golden Triangle area
bordering Vietnam.

Heroin addiction and overdoses
were sent soaring

in the US,
as shown in this chart.

As this picture shows,
heroin produced a huge boost

in the American stock market
as dirty profits

from heroin sales
were laundered
through profit margins

of banks and other
stock corporations.

Wall Street insider,
Catherine Austin Fitts,

described how this worked,
as discussed more later.

The Golden Triangle in
Southeast Asia grew directly

out of our covert
policies there.

Before it had been run by
French intelligence

with the Corsican mafia,

we took over with our
Air America

and civil air transport planes
flying in arms

to our allies, flying
back out with the heroin,

the first target being
US GIs during the Vietnam War,

the second target being
the United States itself.

Frontline's Judy Woodruff,

revealed a US intelligence
agent's report attesting to

their bringing heroin
into the US
during the Vietnam War.

[Woodruff] In 1972,
a US intelligence agent
in Southeast Asia.

sent a secret field report
to customs.

The CIA was in fact
facilitating the movement

of opiates to the US,
they steadfastly hid behind
the shield of secrecy,

and said that all was done
in the interest of
national security, end quote.

[narrator] The four top
political icons of the 1960s,

and Malcolm X, were actively
trying to end the Vietnam War.

President John F. Kennedy
had an apparent political
seat change while in office,

and ended up declaring an end
to sending troops to Vietnam.

He also tried to close
down the CIA's operation

firing the CIA director
and his assistant
who helped run it.

[reporter] Is there any
speed up in the withdrawal
from Vietnam intended?

Well, you know when
Secretary McNamara
and General Taylor came back

they announced that we would
expect to withdraw

a thousand men
from south Vietnam
before the end of the year.

And there's been some reference
to that by General Harkins.

If we're able to do that,
that will be our schedule,
I think the first.

A policy was put into place
to end the US involvement
in Vietnam

and a formal
presidential decision

was taken in October of 1963
that would, if implemented,

have caused a full pull out
of US forces

from Vietnam
by the end of 1965.

And it's clear that he did,
we have all of the documents

involved in
the making of the decision,
including the decision itself,

and including actually tapes
of Kennedy ordering
that decision to be taken.

[narrator] President
John Kennedy and his
attorney general brother,

Robert Kennedy, also went after mafia bosses such as

New Orleans drug trafficking
kingpin, Carlos Marcello.

Numerous researches such
as Professor Dale Scott,

argue that some of these
factors led Marcello, the CIA,

and the oligarchs
to orchestrate

the 1963 assassination of JFK.

He was the boss,
the mafia boss of New Orleans.

He controlled
New Orleans, Louisiana,

he controlled Mississippi,
Alabama, and Texas,
including Dallas.

And his first mission
is to go after the mafia.

At Neely Plaza
there were ten men arrested

and this has been kept secret
for more than four years.

Here are the pictures of
five of 'em being arrested

and they've never
been shown before.

Several of these men
arrested have been connected

by our office with the
Central Intelligence Agency

of the United States

I am trying to tell you
that there is no question,

as a result of our
investigation, that an element

of the Central Intelligence
Agency of our country

killed John Kennedy and that
the present administration

is concealing the facts,
there is no question
about it at all.

[narrator] Two years later,
gunmen assassinated

the first black activist
to speak out against

the Vietnam War,
Muslim leader Malcolm X.

On April 3, 1968, exactly one year after publicly

pronouncing his opposition
to the Vietnam War,

a gunman assassinated
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Researchers such as
King's friend and attorney

William Pepper say that US
intelligence assassinated MLK,

partly due to his
anti-war pronouncement,

and partly due to his
refocusing on economic issues.

[narrator] In June of 1968,
Senator Robert F. Kennedy

won the decisive California
presidential primary,

marking the likelihood
of his winning
the Democratic nomination,

and then gaining
the presidency.

RFK often touted his growing
anti-Vietnam War stance before
his assassination,

the night of winning
that California
presidential primary.

Accused assassin,
Sirhan Sirhan, was grabbed

while firing a gun
after getting no closer
than two feet in front of RFK.

The coroner conducting
the autopsy on RFK

held a press conference
showing how RFK's fatal wounds
came from behind the senator,

within an inch of his head.

[interviewer] Doctor Noguchi,
were you able to determine

how far the gun muzzle was
from Senator Kennedy's head?

One gunshot wound was found
behind the right ear.

We came to conclusion
that the muzzle distance

would be one inch
from the right...


Now, how far was Sirhan

from Senator Kennedy
at the time?

I would say approximately
from three to six feet.

[interviewer] Where was this
guard who was firing his gun?

He was standing directly to
the side and back of Kennedy.

[narrator] Before these
last two assassinations,

the CIA apparently began
cultivating a massive amount

of acid dealing and promotion.

For his widely praised book,
Acid Dreams,

Fairness and Accuracy in
Reporting, FAIR, co-founder,

Martin Lee, interviewed several undercover agents who reported

working in the Haight-Ashbury
neighborhood of San Francisco

who described the Haight
as a human guinea pig farm.

Lee also quoted a source
working with
the Hudson Institute

strategist Herman Kahn,

who collaborated with the CIA's MKUltra program.

He said that Kahn
was primarily interested
in social control

when Kahn marveled
at his own work at creating a similar wasteland

in New York City's
East Village neighborhood.

Kahn predicted an alternative
dropped out country
within the United States.

This coincided with CIA asset
Timothy Leary's mantra,

repeated by both alternative and mainstream media worldwide.

Turn on, tune in,
and drop out.

[narrator] One possible way
US intelligence

increased the trend
of idealistic young people

tripping on acid, and possibly
damaging their minds,
was to start be-ins.

The first human be-in
was organized in the same
San Francisco area

as the ever-larger Acid Tests
that turned into
the Trips Festival.

Researchers, Martin Lee
and Bruce Shlain,

said that many of the 25,000 people at the first human be-in were tripping on acid.

US intelligence appeared to put an ever-increasing stock

into getting rock
musicians to directly,

or inadvertently,
promote drugs for them.

Ernest Hemingway's longtime
close friend and editor,

A.E. Hotchner, wrote an
important book,Blown Away,

an oral history of the
Rolling Stones rock band.

That book included Hotchner
saying that in the mid-1960s,

the CIA MKUltra
Deputy Director,
Robert Lashbrook,

directed undercover agents
to give LSD to British
musicians in London.

London undercover agent,
Steve Abram,

stated that the CIA released
acid to rock groups,

and that CIA agents
were distributing acid
all over the place.

[narrator] This draws more
scrutiny to the 1965 incident

where the Beatles' guitarist
George Harrison's dentist,

John Riley,
invited John Lennon,
his wife, Cynthia,

Harrison and his girlfriend
Patti Boyd over for dinner.

Patti Boyd and Cynthia Harrison describe the scene in detail

and the Beatles
agreed about what happened.

Riley and his girlfriend
proceeded to put LSD

in the coffee
Lennon and Harrison drank,
without their knowledge.

When Lennon found out,
he was furious.

LSD was so new in London,

Harrison didn't even know
what it was.

Was Dr. Riley linked to
the CIA's MKUltra program

or the collaborating
British Tavistock program?

[interviewer] How did you
first get involved with LSD?

[John] A dentist in London.

[woman laughing] Dentist.

[John] Later on,
George, me, and our wives,

without telling us
at the dinner party,

actually, it was a
friend of George's.

Cynthia and Patti
and myself were having dinner

at this guy's house,
lysergic acid diethylamide 25.

I didn't really
know what it was.

Two years later in England,

a man dubbed the acid king,

David Schneidermann,
pictured on the left here

with Rolling Stones
guitarist, Keith Richards,

convinced Rolling Stones
lead singer, Mick Jagger,
to try LSD for the first time.

At a party in guitarist's Keith Richards' home that year,

Schneidermann convinced
Jagger to try acid,

and then police came
and arrested Richards
and Jagger on drug charges,

without arresting
who had many drugs on him.

It later came out in
London'sDaily Mail newspaper

that Schneidermann
worked undercover

for both the FBI
and British MI-5.

Others eventually got John Lennon and George Harrison

to use acid again
over the next two years.

Before Harrison
disavowed acid in 1967.

Why did Lennon and Harrison
take acid again,

along with the other Beatles Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney?

The answer might lie
in the Laurel Canyon area
of Los Angeles.

[narrator] The late author,
Dave McGowan,

wrote an extensive
expose on the rise

of Los Angeles'
Laurel Canyon neighborhood.

McGowan's evidence supports
that US intelligence

orchestrated the rise
of Laurel Canyon,

as the home for dozens of
almost instant music stars.

The Canyon appeared to give rise to the hippy image itself.

The US Air Force
already had vast personnel

in Laurel Canyon with a
highly prolific movie studio

Lookout Mountain Laboratory.

It produced a staggering
19,000 classified movies
and film projects

with top actors, directors,
and producers

who all signed
confidentiality oaths

to not reveal the films
at Lookout Mountain.

Lookout Mountain Laboratories
was a top secret

US Air Force installation
nestled up in Laurel Canyon,

the existence of which
remained unknown

until fairly recently even.

Then it morphed into
a film studio at some point

and was said to be
the world's most complete
self-contained film studio.

[narrator] Dave McGowan
found that virtually

all the Laurel Canyon musicians and most of the actors

came from top military parents
or military backgrounds.

For example, this picture
shows a clean-cut Jim Morrison

with his father,
who captained the naval ship

that caused
the Gulf of Tonkin incident,
starting the Vietnam War.

John Phillips
came right from the military

into musical stardom
with The Mamas and the Papas.

Some of these Laurel Canyon
celebrities were also part of

America's wealthiest families,
such as David Crosby
of the Van Courtland family,

as well as a media propagated dance instructor, Vito Polikus,

who was Barbara Rockefeller's

[narrator] Final key members
of the scene

were Charles Manson
and his followers.

Many women walked around naked
at sex and drug parties

that included top actors
such as Peter Fonda
and Jack Nicholson,

luring the Beatles
and countless other musicians
to take acid and other drugs

for the first time or more.

Vito Policus collaborated
with prominent Laurel Canyon
musicians in promoting drugs.

The Beatles' Lennon said
his and Harrison's second time
taking acid

was in Los Angeles
at a party organized

by top selling musician,
David Crosby of The Byrds,

and Crosby, Stills, and Nash,
near the Laurel Canyon

Paul offered a glimpse of why
he tripped the first time

when he said, "peer pressure
was strong to take acid."

[Lennon] And the second time
we had it in LA,
which was different.

What happened then?

[John] Well, then we
took it deliberately,

and then, well, we just decided to take it again in California,

and the three of us took
it, Ringo, George, and I,

I think maybe Neil
and a couple of The Birds,

that what's his name,
the one in the
Stills and Nash thing?

-You know the Byrds, B-Y-R-D--
-Yeah, David Crosby.

[Lennon] Crosby and the other
guy who used to be the leader.

And Peter Fonda came.

So when acid came around,
we'd heard that
you're never the same.

I was rather frightened
by that prospect.

Just what I need.
So I delayed,

'cause there's
a lot of peer pressure.

[narrator] The Beatles
went on to promote acid

through their albums
and movies, such as

Magical Mystery Tour.

["Whiskey Sage"
by ElectroCult Circus]

[narrator] Regarding the
Rolling Stones in particular,

British authorities continued
to use the drug charges

from the FBI's
Schneidermann drug setup

to control the increasingly
outspoken anti-war
Rolling Stones musicians.

There were a number of leaders
who believed acid

was anti-revolutionary
and in conflict with their

anti-war and anti-racism work.

Columbia University SDS
and its leader Mark Rudd,

seen here speaking
to a student crowd,
represented this opinion.

Rudd led
the Columbia University
anti-war building takeover,

the first event of
its kind nationally.

The Columbia SDS
marched in and occupied

the university's main
buildings for many days

to protest the Vietnam War
and government's
racist actions,

inspiring similar SDS involved
college building
takeovers nationwide.

SDS then enlisted
Mark Rudd to talk at schools

around the country
to raise money for SDS.

We have closed down
four university buildings,

three of which usually
have classes.
We've had mass meetings

of 800 and 600
people respectively.

By 1969, the Students
for a Democratic Society,

had grown to nearly
100,000 members.

At one of their national
conventions that year,

a division arose between
two factions in the group,

including a first faction
believed to be infiltrated

by undercover agents,
that instigated
the breakup of SDS.

Bernardine Dohrn
headed the second faction,

after having been elected one
of the SDS leaders that year.

This was the culmination of
Dohrn's good anti-Vietnam War

and anti-racist organizing
in the 1960s.

...in finding out
about the organization of SDS,

we've always been quite
willing to talk about
the organization.

Yeah, we'll talk about
socialism anywhere,
in the streets

or in the senate,
anywhere, you know.

I'm Mike Klonstien,
national secretary of SDS,

and this is Bernardine Dohrn,
inter-organizational secretary.

[reporters talking
over each other]

Is there a Communist faction

making a big power play
for SDS at this time?

Is there any
communists back here?

[crowd cheering]

[narrator] As a law school
student in Chicago,

Dohrn also played
a part at a Chicago be-in,

while other SDS activists
had also become

increasingly more
sympathetic to acid.

She, Mark Rudd and others
seen here had formed

a new political faction that
they called the Weathermen.

At that convention,
Dohrn emotionally followed up

of a fractional debate
by leading a walk out of many

SDS members from
that convention,

permanently splitting up
the nation's largest
anti-war organization.

Whether Dohrn's use of
acid played a distinct role

in this event is uncertain
but suspect.

[lyrics indistinct]

[narrator] FBI documents showed
that agents had infiltrated

Abbie Hoffman's Youth
International Party,
or Yippies.

By the summer of 1969, an offshoot group of New York's

Yippies, the Crazies,
had unsuccessfully tried
to chide Columbia

SDS leaders into taking acid.

Undercover FBI agent,
George Demmerle,
was a leader of the Crazies.

Rudd and a number of other
Columbia SDS members

were active in the
Weathermen factor.

At one of their
New York parties,

the Crazies spiked the New York Weathermen's punch with acid.

Once they got Mark Rudd
and the New York
members tripping,

the Weathermen disavowed
their stance against acid

and ordered all New York
Weathermen to take acid.

The CIA's MKUltra work
infiltrating groups
in pushing LSD

would later come out in
a US Senate committee report,

some newspapers such as
theWashington Post
covered it ever so briefly

before never seeming
to mention it again.

The Weathermen came from
parts of former SDS chapters
around the country,

as well as from undercover
FBI training bases

as some FBI agents
infiltrated the group.

Mark Rudd, Bernardine Dohrn,
and other Weatherman leaders

started showing the effects of acid in the following months by acting very irrationally.

They invaded high schools
and held teachers,

purportedly to
liberate students.

They bullied money and meals
from people on planes,

they got arrested in a days
of rage rampage in Chicago.

And at a December of 1969
national convention,

they bragged about not reading
any books in over a year

and lauded
the Charles Manson group
for their gruesome murders

of wealthy
Beverly Hills residents.

["Whiskey Sage"
by ElectroCult Circus]

[narrator] It took some months
for Dohrn and others

to realize they had
grown highly irrational

and to at least
apologize publicly for lauding the Manson murders.

By this time the Weathermen
had changed their name

to the Weather Underground
for feminist reasons.

And they appeared to start
sobering up a bit

as they became a militant
anti-war vanguard group.

Anti-war activists had
begun strategic bombings

of institutions linked
to the Vietnam War
and racism in 1969.

These activists planted
dynamite with timing devices

and then called the building
managers to have them cleared
before the bombs exploded.

The Weather Underground's leadership cell risked and lost some lives

participating in at least
a couple dozen

of these bombings
from 1970 onwards.

Compatriot groups conducted
similar bombings numbering in the thousands in 1970 alone.

It should be kept in mind
that this was in reaction

to America's war
in Vietnam killing over
two million people,

including several hundred
thousand young Americans.

There were three early
morning bomb blasts

on the west coast,
two at military facilities,

and one at a courthouse,
Bill Stout narrates.

[Bill] The worst blast was at
the Navy and Air Force

ROTC building on the campus of
the University of Washington.

The 32nd bombing
of the year in Seattle,
really two bombings,

two charges which went off
almost simultaneously

shortly before
three this morning.

There were warning calls
to the police,

who got a janitor
out of the building

just before the explosions.

Across the nation,
between January of last year

and April of this year,
a total of 4,330 bombings
have been reported.

In the State of California
alone, the average is now
20 bombings a week.

Occasionally, far right
extremists are responsible,

but leftists and radicals
are most often to blame.

♪ Kill me again,
kill me with love ♪

♪ Make it across this time

♪ Deeper the wound
goes into the heart... ♪

[narrator] The CIA had
Timothy Leary capitalized

on his radicalization
of so many young people.

Leary gave up the turn on,
tune in, drop out.

He instead declared
unity with the radicals,

and told them all to live
their lives dosed on acid,

while further stating
that radicals should be
dosing others.

The Mellon Hitchcock-funded
Brotherhood of Eternal Love,

flew Leary to Algeria.
There, the Black Panthers'

National Minister of
Information, Eldridge Cleaver,

had set up a Panther
in exile chapter.

Cleaver had escaped near
assassination and further

persecution by staying
in Algeria with his wife,

national Panther spokesperson,
Kathleen Cleaver.

Several New York Panther

amongst many other Panthers
had joined him there.

In deference to his
solidarity with
the Weather Underground,

Eldridge Cleaver
first welcomed Leary.

Here's Cleaver
before he took a more
militant stance against Leary.

[narrator] Martin Lee reported
how that quickly changed

and Cleaver soon put Leary
under house arrest

due to Leary having
brought 20,000 hits of acid

to Cleaver's Panther

Cleaver spoke of LSD
as part of a drug-induced

and sent a message
to acid-crazed youth

that their god is dead
as his mind is blown by acid,

in referring to Leary.

The Brotherhood of Eternal Love and the CIA

helped get Leary
out of Cleaver's house arrest
and back to the US

Once there, Leary told the
FBI the names and locations

of various New York
Weather Underground members
and they were arrested.

"Don't follow leaders,"
words which have
proved prophetic

after today's revelations
that Timothy Leary,

guru of 60s counter-culture
collaborated with the FBI

and named names
in the underground movement.

Leary died three years ago
and was famous for preaching

anti-establishment slogans
like, "Turn on, tune in,
and drop out."

He could've added inform.

♪ It's a long, long
lonely road ♪

♪ From the cradle
to the grave ♪

♪ And a lonely...

[narrator] By this time,
a man named Ronald Stark

worked with
the Mellon Hitchcock's

Brotherhood of Eternal Love.

High level British police
detective, Dick Lee,

found that Stark and his group
produced and distributed

hundreds of millions
of LSD hits
to the international masses.

Stark helped set up
acid laboratories
on several continents.

The Italian police
arrested Stark,

but an Italian judge
who tried to prosecute Stark

on drug trafficking
was murdered.

The next judge released
Stark due to numerous proofs

that Ronald Stark was
actually a CIA agent,

working for the American
Secret Services since 1960.

An Italian Parliamentary
commission investigating

Stark's drug
trafficking operation,

also confirmed his work
for US intelligence.

Stark was the biggest source
of underground acid
at one time in the world,

and he ends up being released
from jail in Italy

after a certain point
under that most
strange circumstances

where a judge says,
that Ronald Stark,
the evidence shows,

has been an agent of
the US Secret Services

from the 1960s on, therefore,
we cannot keep him in jail.

[narrator] Writer, Martin Lee,
presented this information

to many 1960s
activists and artists.

He reported that a surprising
number of counter-culture

veterans endorsed the notion
that the CIA disseminated
street acid en masse,

so as to deflate the political potency of the youth rebellion.

Famed writer
and ex-heroin addict,
William Burroughs,

concluded how the CIA hurt
young activists in emphasizing

LSD makes people
less competent.

Also commenting about acid,
former SDS President,
Carl Ogilsbey said,

"If US intelligence bodies
collaborated in an effort

to drug an entire
generation of Americans,

then the reason they did so
was to disorient it,

sedate it,
and de-politicize it.

Meanwhile, US intelligence
continued trying to use
musicians to promote drugs.

Rock star Janice Joplin's
fiancé Michael Raymond

had told another girlfriend
that he worked for the FBI.

The FBI also had
a file on Joplin.

Details of Raymond's career
supported his FBI work.

Raymond got Joplin
hooked on amphetamines

before she cut off
the marriage plans

when she found out
he was already married.

Joplin further announced
on TV in 1970

that she was going
to do several large,

unprecedented concerts
for peace,

raising money
for anti-war activists.

This never happened,
as she had developed
a heroin habit,

and as she was trying to stop,
she unknowingly bought

an unusually pure dose
of heroin that killed her.

Janice's sister Laura
said that rumors persisted

that the CIA had arranged
for Janice's death.

There's a couple coming off
in August,

the sixth I believe,
and the ninth.

The sixth in Philadelphia,
in Shea Stadium,
and the ninth in Philadelphia.

Peace festivals that Peter Yero
started throwing together here.

A lot of groups are
contributing their services

and they're gonna give all
the bread to peace candidates,
you know.

They've got some
real straight people

to administer it
so it isn't a rip off.

♪ I see you

♪ I see you
at the door, crazy ♪

[narrator] Another rock icon,
Jimi Hendrix,
also died in 1970,

both the American
and British media

had smeared Hendrix
in describing him

as a rampant drug user
who died from choking

on his own vomit
after using heroin.

Top biographer
Shapiro and Glebbeek,

describe Hendrix as someone
who wrote his best album,

Are You Experienced,
without any drug use.

They say he first tried
LSD after making the album,

and only tried heroin a couple
of times, not liking it.

Shapiro and Glebbeek
also say Hendrix's manager,
Mike Jeffrey,

formerly worked for
British intelligence

as an MI6 agent
who inserted himself

into Hendrix's life
and controlled him.

Details of Jeffrey's life
support that he continued
working undercover

for MI6,
the FBI was also involved,

and had Hendrix
under constant surveillance.

This was likely due
to Hendrix's support

of the Black Panthers in 1970,
since the FBI targeted

the Black Panthers with
their counterintelligence
program known as COINTELPRO.

And a program called COINTELPRO
which was a surveillance
and assassination program

and it led to the murder
of 28 Black Panthers

and they learned
from those documents

that Jimi Hendrix had been

put on a security index

established by the FBI

to have him and everyone else
on that index

rounded up and placed
in detainment camps

in the account of
a national emergency.

[narrator] Various government
files on activists
have shown that the FBI's

program targeting

was joined by
the CIA's operation MH/CHAOS.

Hendrix's fiancée,
Monika Dannemann,
said Hendrix believed

Jeffrey set up Hendrix's first
drug bust for possession
of marijuana.

She said Hendrix then thought
Jeffrey dosed Hendrix's drink
with a large amount of acid,

and Hendrix thought it hurt
his guitar playing during
an anti-war benefit.

Dannemann also said Hendrix
became very radical,

and had stopped
taking acid in 1969

after Martin Luther King's
1968 assassination.

Hendrix started dedicating
albums to the Black Panthers

and planning
political projects.

Dannemann further said
Jeffrey threatened her life

if she came out with her book
on the guitar legend

a year after
Jimi Hendrix's death.

She ultimately released
the book about 25 years later.

She died,
purportedly of a suicide,
within a year of that release.

In 2011, a Hendrix roadie
published a book saying that

Mike Jeffrey admitted to him
that he had Hendrix killed.

[man] Mike Jeffrey is an
interesting take,

he begins working for
the government
in the national service,

he works into the military, he joins military intelligence,

and at that point, his career
enters an obscure phase.

So, there's little known
about his activities

with MI6, except to say that

he was stationed in Egypt
and he spoke Russian fluently.

He actually confessed
to a jazz producer
by the name of Alan Douglas,

who was a good friend
of Jimi Hendrix,

that he had something
to do with the murder.

He wasn't entirely clear
about it,

but it was clear
to Alan Douglas

that Michael Jeffrey
was making a confession.

From the late 1960s onwards,
another top musical icon,

Beatles lead singer,
John Lennon,

started getting
much more political.

For example, he participated
in anti-war actions

and supported
Black Panther leaders.

In reaction, US intelligence
increased their targeting
of him.

In the 1970s, John Lennon
took about five years off

from the public spotlight
to raise his second son.

By 1980, Lennon came out
of his hiatus with two albums

and an announced plan
to lead a march
of striking port workers.

Mark David Chapman
fatally shot Lennon that year.

In 1989, British attorney and crime reporter, Fenton Bresler,

published his seven-year
investigation of Lennon's

Who Killed John Lennon?

Bresler concluded that the CIA used MKUltra techniques

involving psycho-hypnotic
drugs and hypnosis
to have Chapman murder Lennon.

Lennon told Paul Krassner,
the editor of The Realist,

"If something happens to me
it wasn't an accident."

[Syrett] Here's what John's son
Sean Lennon said

about his dad's
assassination in 1998.

"He was dangerous
to the government,

these pacifist revolutionaries

are historically killed
by the government.

And anybody who thinks
Mark David Chapman

was just some crazy guy
who killed my dad

for his personal interests
is insane

or hasn't
thought about it clearly."

[narrator] Veteran British
music writer, Phil Strongman,

came to the same
conclusions as Bresler.

He additionally found that
a Cuban exile CIA asset,

Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo,
gained work as the doorman

at Lennon's apartment
and aided in the murder.

Bresler and Strongman's
copious amounts of evidence

exposed CIA training programs
for local police departments.

They also uncovered
that an Atlanta police officer

trained Chapman in shooting
and provided him

with deadly
hollow point bullets

with which Chapman
killed Lennon.

And we know the FBI
had a 300-page file on Lennon.

Much of it remains classified
for national security reasons.

The doorman at the Dakota
that night was Jose Perdomo,

a veteran of the CIA's botched
Bay of Pigs invasion,

a professional hitman who
worked closely with convicted

Watergate burglar,
Frank Sturgis,
on the CIA's payroll.

♪ Power to the people
heard that before ♪

♪ Free Mumia Abu-Jamal

[narrator] On a different
domestic war front,

US intelligence used
many tactics to accomplish

their documented goal
of neutralizing
the Black Panthers,

including murdering Los Angeles and Chicago Panther leaders.

In murdering Chicago's
Panther leader, Fred Hampton,

it came out in court
that an undercover
US intelligence agent

first drugged Hampton's drink
before police shot

an unconscious Hampton
in his bed
in a raid on his home.

The CIA had liaison projects
with police forces
all over the United States.

COINTELPRO was the code word

for a
counterintelligence program,

and it was a program
that the FBI created in 1956

to go after the communist
party with intentions

of trying to neutralize
the party,
put it out of business.

In 1967, they start what
became known as MH/CHAOS,

a code word for illegal
domestic operations
within the United States.

You might murder
a freedom fighter
like Bobby Hutton,

but you can't murder
freedom fightin'

and if you do,
you'll come up with answers

that don't answer,
explanations that don't explain,

you'll come up with conclusions
that don't conclude.

Extraordinarily talented.

Twenty-one years old.

[man] They always had
local police departments

do their dirty work
and they began to

devise a scheme that culminated

in his assassination
while he was asleep,

drugged by his security officer
who was also a police informant.

City police in Chicago
murdered Fred Hampton.

[guns firing rapidly]

In essence,
was an assassination
authorized by the FBI.

Or sanctioned by the FBI.

The FBI's considering
an attempt to try to smash

the Black Panther party.

They stopped actually
attacking us.

Didn't mean they didn't
have no covert crap going on.

Infiltration of cocaine
into the Black Panther party,

it's leadership, Huey P. Newton
being the main target.

[Seale] And every
once in awhile, I says,

"Why are you snortin' this cocaine? This ain't the thing."

I had a clear impression that...

chemical warfare
would be utilized
against the Black Panther party.

We had taken a position
in our rules

against anyone shootin' heroin, and narcotics found

would be immediately dismissed
from the Black Panther party

because we essentially were
anti-drug in our operations.

[narrator] Evidence also
supports that US intelligence

used undercover agents such
as professed undercover
agent infiltrator,

Earl Anthony and Elaine Brown,

to hook national Black Panther
co-founder, Huey Newton,
on cocaine.

LA Panther leader,
Geronimo JiJaga Pratt,

and national Panther leader,
Kathleen Cleaver,

identified Elaine Brown
as a US intelligence agent

who also admittedly

had top CIA undercover agent,

Jay Kennedy,
as her lifelong advisor.

Pulitzer Prize-winning
MLK biographer, Dave Garrow,

said Jay Kennedy
was a CIA informant,

as confirmed by CIA documents
on Kennedy.

Brown sued Cleaver
and Pratt for libel
but the suit was dismissed.

MKUltra was what you might call
a research program

ran by the CIA to determine
if psychotropic drugs,

mind-altering drugs might be
used for intelligence purposes.

Either for chemical warfare
or the neutralization
of targets.

See, you have to remember,
if you read some of
the COINTELPRO documents,

they had a psychological
profile on Huey, on me,
on Eldridge.

I had the distinct impression
consistently from 1971

that Miss Elaine Brown
was a highly placed

intelligence operative
inside the Black Panther party.

[man] I think Elaine Brown
came in through Earl Anthony

and she followed the same
course of devious type

of activities, so I'm sayin'
all this to say that

they got involved with people
and caused a lot of problems.

But we was aware of it,
we just wasn't aware
of the extent

that the LAPD, the federal
government with its COINTEL,

the CIA, FBI,
we wasn't aware to the extent

that these people
were involved.

She acknowledges in her
own words, in her book,

Taste of Power,that in
fact she had been educated,

groomed, taught,
at the hands of a long-time

Central Intelligence Agency operative, Jay Richard Kennedy.

So many party members
literally have told me

they believe this,
that this woman was connected

some kind of way and got
step-by-step, piece-by-piece,

got Huey hooked over into
some notion that he could get

more money behind the scene
if he, step-by-step,

methodologically demised
the Black Panther party.

John Stockwell,
former station chief
of the CIA in Angola,

he said "Well, I wanna
say this to you very clear,

the Huey P. Newton
that people see today

is a direct result
of operations run by the
Central Intelligence Agency

to ensure that he would
turn out the way that he is.

[man] Huey P. Newton
was never the same.

♪ Got no more blood
to give any y'all ♪

♪ Let go of Mutulu Shakur

[narrator] One-time Harlem
Panther leader, Afeni Shakur,

had moved in with
Mutulu Shakur in the 1970s,

after she gave birth
to future rap icon,

Tupac Shakur,
in 1971, seen here.

Mutulu obtained a degree
in acupuncture and was one of

the first people using it
to treat drug addicts,

as assistant director of
Lincoln Detox in the Bronx.

The city tried to close
the clinic down in 1978

before someone killed
its director, Richard Taft,

and made the bizarre
but seemingly symbolic move

of inserting drugs
under Taft's skin.

They did a poor job with it,
as he died before the drugs
could enter his bloodstream.

Someone also used the
same strategy to murder

the clinic's lawyer,
Stanley Cohen.

Cohen had also been
representing Black Panther,

Assata Shakur, regarding a
New Jersey shooting incident

where Mutulu's brother,
Black Liberation Army founder,

Zayd Shakur,
was killed by police.

[man] We went to interview
Dr. Mutulu Shakur,

who had cured thousands
of drug addicts

with the experimental treatment of acupuncture.

We found him in an
underground prison.

[man] The Young Lords party
and the Black Panther party

wanted every municipal hospital that serviced the poor
in New York

to have an
acupuncture experimental center
inside of their drug program.

And because we were the first,
we became targets.

A hundred policemen came to
the Bronx and arrested us

and took us away
from the center.

[narrator] Activists linked
to the Weather Underground

including Bernardine Dohrn's
sister, Jennifer,

and activists linked to
the Puerto Rican version
of the Panthers,

the Young Lords,
worked at Lincoln Detox.

When New York City Police
actually blockaded
Lincoln Detox.

Mutulu Shakur and
the rest of the staff
were forced to work elsewhere.

A group deemed the
Multinational Task Force
by some

and the Revolutionary
Armed Task Force by others,

decided to fund health
care in the Bronx by expropriating money from banks.

One of their armed robberies
of a bank truck in 1981

led to the fatal shooting
of a cop and a Brink's truck
guard in Nyack, New York.

A massive police sweep led to
those caught at the scene,

including Black Liberation
Army members and Weather Underground members

who were driving
the getaway truck.

Mutulu Shakur was falsely
charged with masterminding

the operation
and went into hiding.

♪ Power to the people,
heard that before ♪

♪ Free Mumia Abul Jamal

♪ Got no more blood to give,
hear me y'all ♪

♪ Let go of Mutulu Shakur

[narrator] In 1986,
after five years
of being a fugitive,

the acupuncturist
and Republic of New Afrika

Mutulu Shakur,
was caught by the FBI.

Shakur was not charged
with direct involvement

in the crime of bank robbery,
but only conspiracy
involvement in the crime,

despite no physical evidence
to support the claim.

Mutulu was also charged
with springing Assata Shakur
from jail,

after which she was granted political exile status in Cuba.

Mutulu was convicted
and sentenced to decades
in prison

where he remains,
despite being scheduled
for mandatory release in 2016.

While Mutulu was in hiding
in the early 1980s,

his wife, Harlem Black Panther
leader Afeni Shakur,

struggled financially
trying to raise her son Tupac
and her daughter, Sekyiwa.

A drug dealer,
Kenneth Legs Saunders,

entered Afeni's life
and got her hooked
on crack cocaine at this time.

♪ I try to forget it
all the pain ♪

♪ Insane in the game

♪ I try to forget it

♪ Trying to make a dollar

♪ We'll honor some change

[narrator] Legs Saunders
worked with Nicky Barnes,

who was an assistant
to one of the first black

New York drug kingpins,
Frank Matthews.

Professor Clarence Lusane
wrote that nine people

supplying drugs to Matthews
had their drug importation

charges dropped
due to their CIA ties.

The New York Times then
called Matthews' successor,

Nicky Barnes, Mr. Untouchable,

due to all his legal charges
that were dismissed.

This and other evidence
supports that Saunders worked

as part of a US intelligence
drug dealing network

that inserted him
into Shakur's life to undermine her activist work.

In the 1960s,
Chicago gang leader,
Jose Cha Cha Jimenez,

converted his Puerto Rican
gang, the Young Lords,
into activists.

Jimenez was in recovery
from a drug addiction.

Jimenez shadowed Black Panther
national co-founder,

Bobby Seale, for a month
to learn who to replicate

some of the Panther programs
for the Young Lords.

Police began targeting
the Young Lords,

trying to frame them
with drug possession charges.

The Young Lords spread
to many other cities,

with the biggest chapter
arising in New York.

♪ The ghetto stinks
everywhere is the same ♪

♪ I'm trying to forget it

[lyrics indistinct]

[narrator] In the 1970s,
activists had helped end

the Vietnam War
and US intelligence
shifted its attention

from the Golden Triangle
to other drug-producing

such as Latin America.

The CIA had helped relocate
thousands of Nazis
after World War II,

some of the Nazi scientists
brought to the US
continued their studies

of psychedelic drugs as part of the MKUltra program.

Many more Nazis were resettled
in Latin American countries,

particularly Bolivia,
Argentina, and Chile.

These Nazis helped build
alliances with the largest

coca plant farmers down there,
and aided them

in backing coups
against leftist leaders

to gain control
of those countries.

For example, in 1967,

Bolivian-based genocidal Nazi,
Klaus Barbie,

helped the CIA
murder Cuban revolutionary,
Che Guevara, in Bolivia,

before leading a cocaine coup
in that country by 1980.

American CIC decided to
smuggle Barbie out of Europe

to get rid of him, to hide him.

[narrator] With the aid
of American officials,

Barbie is smuggled to Bolivia,

where he lives comfortably
for the next 30 years.

[man narrating]


[man narrating]

[narrator] The CIA worked
with two Nazi colonies

inside the countries
of Chile and Argentina

to start Operation Condor.

Chile's Nazi colony
helped lead the coup

against elected Socialist
President Salvadore Allende.

The New York Times noted how
the Chilean Nazi
colony's leader

tortured leftists
in aid of the coup leader,

with London's
Daily Guardian detailing

Chile's dictatorship
trafficking cocaine.

That coup leader,
Chilean dictator,
Augusto Pinochet,

ruled for decades,
helping lead some
nine Latin American countries'

military dictatorships
to murder tens to hundreds
of thousands

of Latin American leftists,
including targeted hits

♪ Let me bend your ear again
my friend, it's not a game ♪

♪ Many complicated matters,
too many to name ♪

[narrator] CIA Director,
George H.W. Bush,

helped orchestrate some
of these operations in 1976.

Around that time,
the CIA also worked
on developing

new poppy fields
in the Golden Crescent area,

where Afghanistan
borders Pakistan.

US intelligence
paid tribal leader

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, founder
of the Muslim Brotherhood,

to develop poppy fields
and laboratories

for the processing of opium,
morphine, and heroin.

The CIA also tried to
manipulate the politics

of Afghanistan, which bordered
the Soviet Union.

Afghanistan elected
a socialist government

and the CIA paid
the Muslim Brotherhood,

who became the mujahideen
to oppose the new government.

Reporters Elizabeth Gould
and Paul Fitzgerald

were experts on Afghanistan
for PBS and CBS News.

Paul Jay of the Real News
Network talked with

these reporters
about American policies

to manipulate the Soviet Union, as well as

US intelligence's work
with Pakistan's military

on cross-boarder
trafficking into Afghanistan.

The US policy's to induce
the Soviets into Afghanistan
or at least facilitate it,

they certainly succeed,
the whole Pakistan society

starts to be transformed
by these billions of dollars

arms going this way
and drugs coming this way,

back into Pakistan.
Eventually, the Russians leave.
Tell us what happens next.

In fact, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
and Ahmad Shah Massoud

were two of the main people
who caused the major destruction
in Kabul,

but this was all part
of the build up

that eventually was presented
by 1994 to '96

as an Afghan movement,
but really was very much

part of the ideological
political process

that the Pakistani ISI

Together with the Saudis
I think should be added.

-[Elizabeth] Oh, absolutely.
Together with the Saudis

but also the United States

was very much behind it.

[narrator] Associated Press
andNewsweek reporter,

Robert Parry,
detailed how George Bush Sr.

continued working on
the CIA trafficking cocaine

out of Latin American
countries when he became
Vice President in 1980.

Parry and Professor Peter Dale
Scott detailed how, in 1979,

the Democratic Socialist
political party,

the FSLN,
aka the Sandinistas,
launched a revolution

against the US
Somoza family dictatorship.

The Somoza family
had ruthlessly ruled
Nicaragua since 1936.

While vice president under
Ronald Regan, George Bush,

headed the US intelligence
umbrella group,
the National Security Council.

In that position,
Bush headed covert operations,

directing Colonel Oliver North, as he supervised

cocaine trafficking with
a counterrevolutionary army

out of Honduras that sought
to topple the Sandinistas.

That army was called
the Contras.

♪ Lotta stubborn ass niggers
unwilling to change ♪

♪ Every gangster got a chain
but not many can name ♪

[narrator] Senate hearings
with the involvement of Senator John Kerry's committee,

revealed much of the Contra
crack cocaine operations.

Pulitzer Prize winning
journalist, Gary Webb,

wrote a series of
front page stories
in theSan Jose Mercury News

that became the first viral
internet articles.

Their claim substantiated
that the CIA and their assets

trafficked cocaine
into the US

Other evidence supported that
the CIA had the further goal

of subverting urban American
communities with crack,

particularly black communities.

DEA agent whistleblower,
Mike Levine,

also reported evidence
of CIA drug trafficking.

Levine infiltrated top drug
trafficking rings,

but the CIA sabotaged
his DEA operations

and thwarted prosecution
of the drug ring leaders.

CBS's60 Minutes
covered one example

regarding the CIA
aiding Venezuela
in the smuggling

of a ton of cocaine into
the US in the early 1990s.

They also highlighted
Mike Levine's exposure
of these CIA activities.

The head of the DEA
at the time, Robert Bonner,

said that a ton
of pure cocaine,

worth hundreds
of millions of dollars,

had been smuggled
into the United States.

And he blamed the CIA,
saying the agency

had joined
the Venezuela national guard
in drug smuggling.

If it was a question of
supporting people who supported

our economic and political
philosophies in other parts
of the world,

and they happen to be drug
dealers, as most of them are,

we supported them
and we protected them.

Blandon and Meneses
were working for an army

that was a wholly owned
subsidiary of the CIA.

They were meeting
with CIA agents, Blandon...

And this came out in court,
I mean,

Danilo Blandon is now
a government witness.

[narrator] In 1991,
former US Attorney General,

Ramsey Clark, who had worked
under President Johnson,

said that he believes
the government uses drugs

to sedate and divide
the masses.

Certainly drugs directed
into black communities
divided whites and blacks.

Drug sales
also led to gang wars
over drug-selling turf.

Gangs led particularly
violent wars over crack sales
from the 1980s onward.

♪ And livin' in the ghetto
got the joint insane ♪

♪ Why human hearts used to
come along with the game ♪

[narrator] CIA assets
worked with a dealer named
Freeway Ricky Ross,

and helped him set up
a national network

that grossed billions
of dollars in selling crack.

Street gangs
gained more members,

particularly in Ricky Ross'
home area of Los Angeles.

The Bloods and the Crips
were the biggest street gangs
in LA,

and they notoriously fought
each other over control
of drug dealing turf.

Meanwhile, CIA whistleblower,
John Stockwell,

stated how his former
coworkers told him

they were now flying heroin
from Afghanistan's
Golden Crescent to America.

Without mention of the
CI program and the secret war

you do pick up articles
about the drug allocations

around the world are,
and the Golden Crescent

is now the largest source
of heroin apparently,

in the world today,
right in there

where the CIA's being
running this operation,

whether it's C-130s and C-123s

flying in with arms
and flying out with the heroin.

♪ Satan's nature is our goal

♪ Seize your carrot
seize my gold ♪

♪ Lick their chops
enjoy your pain ♪

[lyrics indistinct]

[narrator] US intelligence's
increase of opium cultivation
in the Golden Crescent area

appeared to lead to more
promotion in the US

to make demand for heroin
match their supply of it.

Evidence supports
that the CIA psychologically
profiled rising musicians.

Nirvana lead singer,
Kurt Cobain fit the bill

to inadvertently
help promote heroin.

Cobain had a chronic
stomach ailment, and he had stated in his diary,

having tried heroin
a handful of times

for pain relief
from 1987 to 1991,

In 1991, Nirvana had released
their first major label album,

and it had a meteoric rise
up the Billboard sales charts.

During that rise,
Courtney Love
entered Cobain's life

and according to at least
two friends,

influenced Kurt Cobain
to use heroin daily with her.

After she got pregnant with
his kid early in their dating,

he married her with
a prenuptial agreement.

In early April of 1994,
an electrician found

Kurt Cobain dead
in his Seattle home.

Within hours,
police stated that Kurt Cobain

had committed suicide
by shooting himself
with a shotgun.

New York Times top-selling
author, Ian Halperin,

and award-winning filmmaker,
Max Wallace wrote two books

presenting evidence
that Courtney Love
aided someone killing Cobain.

Police whistleblowers
said their supervisor

told them not to investigate
Cobain's death as anything
but a suicide,

despite evidence of foul play.

For example, Cobain's purported suicide note

appeared to have different
handwriting at a place

where the note had only sounded like a goodbye to fans

because he was
breaking up Nirvana.

Other band members confirmed
Cobain was doing this.

[lyrics indistinct]

A former police detective
turned private detective,

Tom Grant, had been hired by Courtney Love

to investigate Cobain's
purported disappearance.

Yet Grant ended up
finding evidence

that Love aided
in Cobain's murder.

Grant's copious evidence
includes someone using

the credit card in Cobain's
wallet after his death.

Furthermore, the coroner
found an amount of heroin

in Cobain's system
that would immediately

incapacitate and kill
even a severe addict.

I just think that it's a staged
suicide is what I think,
that's the bottom line.

[male reporter] Wecht says
there was enough heroin

in Cobain's system
to kill five people.

All of the drug paraphernalia
was put back

into his nice little cigar box.

The needle was
taken off the syringe,

the tourniquet was taken off
the arm, everything was placed

back in the cigar box neatly,

and then he proceeds
to take a shotgun
and kill himself.

It's highly unlikely.

[narrator] A docudrama,
Soaked in Bleach,

presented expert interviews
on Cobain's death,

supporting that Cobain
was murdered.

The film also presented
police foul play,

ranging from a two decades
delay in developing

all of the
death scene photographs,

to allowing the destruction of
possible crime scene evidence.

Well, the photographs
haven't been developed,
probably never will be,

we don't develop photographs
on suicides.

I have never heard of that,

Every case
I've been involved with

the crime scene photographs
were developed.

[narrator] The creators
of the film,Soaked in Bleach,

found that the Seattle Police
allowed Kurt Cobain's body

to be cremated six days
after being discovered.

They waited 30 days
to process the shotgun

found at the scene
for fingerprints.

They gave Courtney Love
the shotgun to have it
melted down,

and they allowed
the greenhouse crime scene

where Cobain was found dead
to be torn down and destroyed.

The filmSoaked in Bleach, then presented expert witnesses

reporting their disbelief
that Cobain used heroin
and then shot himself.

[man] No study that I
know of has correlated

the use of heroin with suicide.

I cannot think of a case
in which I have had someone
inject himself

with a large amount of heroin
and then proceed
to kill himself,

it just doesn't make sense.

♪ And when we leave
from this world ♪

♪ We're born into another

[narrator] Several more aspects
of Cobain's death

suggests US intelligence
murdered the radical leftist,

Kurt Cobain, at a time
when he was gaining sobriety.

First, Cobain had found
a medical cure to his
severe stomach pain,

for which he had
previously used heroin.

A blood test a month before
he died proved he had
no drugs in his system

and had not been an active
heroin addict.

How's your stomach?

Have you found anything to--

Oh... it's gone.


I've finally been subscribed
the right stomach medicine

after six years
of being in constant pain.

Finally, I haven't had
a stomach problem
for, like, over a year now.

[narrator] Additionally,
the only police detective

to defy his supervisor's orders and spend over 200 hours

looking for the source
of the heroin,

Detective Antonio Terry,
became the first

Seattle Police Officer murdered in nine years.

Detective Terry was able
to convey that his assailants

new his route home from work,
and knew he was
a police officer,

before he died from his wounds.

And finally,
Eldon El Duce Hoke,

an acquaintance
of Courtney Love,

passed two polygraph tests
on national TV,

stating that Courtney Love
had offered him $50,000 to blow her old man's head off.

[interviewer] You did some
deal with Courtney, right?

Yeah, she offered me 50 grand
to whack Kurt Cobain.

[interviewer] Yeah, but,
how were you gonna whack him,
did she tell in how to do it?

Yeah, blow his fucking'
head off, she had a shotgun.

[interviewer] So where were you
gonna find him to do it?

Well, up there, she gave...
mapped it out.

I mean, up there in Bellevue,
wherever they live,
right outside Seattle.

I know right where
the house is, I know right
what garden to pop him in.

I just didn't think
she was serious.

[interviewer] But did she
tell you how she wanted you
to pop him?

Yeah, she says,
"Blow his fuckin' head off,
I got the shotgun."

[interviewer] But she didn't
say anything about making it
look like a suicide?

-Make it look like a suicide.
Well, yeah, but if you just blew

his brains out like you said,
it wouldn't look like a suicide,

it'd look like you blew
his brains out, right?

But I told Alan,
I mean, my friend... [laughing]

I'll let the FBI catch him.

[interviewer] El Duce
had passed a polygraph test.

Eldon Hoke died several days

after the filming
of these statements.

♪ And when we wake
from this world ♪

♪ We're born into another

[narrator] Love's father,
Hank Harrison,

said the extremely wealthy
parents of Love's mother,

Linda Carol, helped take
his daughter away from him

when she was about
five years old, sending him
into a depression.

Harrison said that Courtney
found him again when she was
a young teenager

trying to get out of
a juvenile detention facility.

She said her childhood
therapist had sex with her,

and gave her
psycho-hypnotic medications.

After Hank Harrison
got her out,

he found that she'd developed
a drug addiction.

Award-winning journalist
Melissa Rossi documented how Harrison also said Courtney

was prostituting herself
as a teenager.

For example, when Courtney
stayed with Harrison in Dublin

when she was 17-years-old,
Hank said

she spent much of her time in
Dublin hooking on the street.

Rossi also reprinted
the contents of a letter
from Courtney

to a boyfriend when she
was about 20-years-old,

where Courtney said
she prostituted herself,

apparently to earn money
to get back to the boyfriend

while working in
a strip club in Taiwan.

This was Courtney's
second time
working as a stripper

in an Asian country,
as Rossi noted how Courtney

had previously worked at strip clubs for the Japanese mafia at about 15-years-old.

Several biographies
have mentioned this.

Rossi said that Courtney
told friends that she had been

part of the white slave trade
while stripping in Japan.

Harrison said Courtney
then visited him when he was
doing research

in Dublin, Ireland,
when she had just turned 17.

There she also met a new friend of Harrison's, Steven O'Leary.

Harrison said in his book,
Love Kills,

that O'Leary later admitted
to being a CIA agent

in a letter he wrote
to Harrison on his death bed.

Harrison had said O'Leary
died in the location and date
verified in this obituary.

Harrison further said that
Steve O'Leary,
and his brother, Kevin,

took Courtney
to Liverpool, England.

Courtney Love biographer,
Melissa Rossi,

noted that Love carried
a thousand hits of acid
to Liverpool.

Love distributed the acid
at various music scenes.

This duplicated MKUltra
operations of the 1960s.

Love repeated these behaviors
in Portland, Oregon,

Los Angeles,
and other music scenes.

OK, and he openly told you
that he worked for the CIA.

[Harrison] Later, he didn't
at that time, no,
but it was obvious.

But, no, at the time, he did
not verbally tell me that

'cause he was under oath
not to tell me, of course,

but later on,
after he retired, he told me,

he wrote me a letter,
and I have the letter.

[Opperman] Kevin Leary,
when you mentioned
Kevin Leary you said,

he was high up in the CIA."

What was his duties in the CIA?

[Harrison] Well, he had
superiority over his brother.

My daughter came along,
Steve took care of her for me,

and got her safely to London,
where she was then,

wound up in Liverpool,
hangin' out with Scott
and Ant...


[narrator] The question remains,
did Courtney Love's

with the CIA continue up to the death of Kurt Cobain?

Her legal immunity and other
evidence suggests it did.

♪ Raised in the ghetto
off meeker means ♪

♪ Fightin' to survive
here packed for the dreams ♪

[narrator] Evidence supports
that in 1996, US Intelligence

manipulated and murdered
another musical icon.

Entertainment megastar,
Tupac Amaru Shakur.

Before his early death
at the age of 25,

Tupac had produced
enough songs for over
a dozen CDs,

had five albums which topped
the Billboard sales charts,

and had stared in six films.

Mainstream Media censored
much of Tupac's history.

For example, at the age of 18,
Tupac headed
the New Afrikan Panthers,

which tried to replicate
his mother's Black Panthers, and was active in eight cities.

Give that US intelligence

said their programs continued
under different names,

it's clear Tupac
would've been targeted
as a leftist black leader.

[man] Now, we're speaking
with brother Tupac Shakur

who was the national chairman
of the New Afrikan Panthers.

My name is Bomani Bakari,

the program is indeed
'Round Midnight.

[Tupac] Uh, OK, if you,
I believe that
the new African Panthers

are about serious freedom,
really reachin' out.

Along with his mother, Afeni,

many other former
Black Panthers,

Watani Tyehimba,

mentored Tupac
throughout his life.

Tyehimba was a co-founding
national security director

of the New Afrikan People's
Organization, NAPO,

and became Tupac's
business manager.

NAPO's national chairman,
Chokwe Lumumba,

became Tupac's national lawyer.

♪ Back for the dreams

[lyrics indistinct]

♪ I'm tired of hearin'
my mama sobbin'
cryin' the blues ♪

♪ Went to school
in High Waters ♪

[narrator] Between the time
of Tupac's first and second

solo CD release, Tupac,
and his imprisoned stepfather,

Mutulu Shakur,
devised their Thug Life plan

for Tupac to develop a gangsta
persona as part of a plan

to appeal to gangs
then politicize them.

This was part of Tupac's
extended Panther family's work

at getting the nation's
largest waring gangs,

the Bloods and the Crips,
to call peace truces
with each other

and engage in leftist activism.

The gang peace truces
spread nationally,

and Tupac directly aided them,
helping bring together

gang leaders
at gang truce picnics.

Tupac and Mutulu also developed a Code of Thug Life

to help decrease the damage
gangs do to their communities.

The Young Lords influenced
New York's largest gangs,

the Latin Kings,
to drop drug dealing
and become activists.

The Code of Thug Life
is a revolutionary document.

Go online and look at
Tupac's Code of Thug Life,

he began to broker the peace
between these gangs.

If gangs
are allowed to flourish
because they're doing

the job of the oppressor
and in terms of eliminating

young black men,
that's what neocolonialism is.

I don't have to come in as
the oppressor in my uniform,

with my army, with my people
who look different,
and kill you and lock you up.

What I can do is create
a psychological climate

of self-hatred,
I can pour in the guns,

and pour in the
drugs and step back
and let you do it to yourselves,

and nobody is seeing where
it's really coming from.

And so Fred Hampton got killed
in Chicago for the same thing.

He had taken the Young Lords,
the toughest, best organized,
largest street gang,

Puerto Rican street gang
in Chicago,
and helped them become

a revolutionary organization
called the Young Lords Party.

♪ Went to school
in High Waters ♪

♪ We're crossin'
the gang borders ♪

[lyrics indistinct]

Catherine Austin Fitts,
a Wall Street insider

who had also worked as
assistant secretary of housing

under the first
President George Bush,

detailed how vastly
street drugs

prop up
various corporate stocks.

She evolved politically
and tried to expose this,

such as in this article
inNarco News,

in which she details
how several street
level drug dealers

each make at least several
hundred dollars a day,

250 days a year,
equaling a net of at least

$100,000 a year
for their supplier.

Fitts said this money
is laundered by establishments

dealing in cash, these include
restaurants and banks

who hide the cash in their
accounting ledgers as money
received legitimately,

and then return the money
to the higher-level dealers

in a way that makes their money appear legally earned.

Fitts said that these
banks and restaurant chains
on the stock exchange

increase their stock values
by 20 to 30 times,
and turn a $100,000 profit

into a two to three million
dollar profit of stock value.

Thus the radicalization of the 3,000-member Latin Kings alone,

cost the money launderers
billions of dollars.

One of the ways
that we finance the growth

of multinational corporations
and big banks

and the rise of the Dow Jones,
is by selling narcotics
to our children.

It's one of the most profitable
businesses in America.

And towards the end
we were discussing the fact
that the Department of Justice

estimates that
the United States is the leader

in laundering organized
crime profits of about

500 billion to a trillion
dollars a year.

So, I asked the audience
what would happen if we stopped

being the worldwide leader
in laundering 500 billion

to a trillion a year,
and they said,

"Well, you know, if we stopped,
our mutual funds

would go down in price,
the stock market would crash.

[narrator] President Bush,
the former CIA director

had rallied massive
federal forces

against the gang truce

and researchers
published evidence

that police framed
gang peace truce leaders.

As this excerpt
of Mike Davis' article in the
New Left Review details.

Congress had also formed
a committee looking into

the dangers of radical
political rappers.

The prison system
transferred Mutulu Shakur

into the country's
most maximum-security prison

due to his influence
through Tupac.

♪ Life as I knew it
was about the grind ♪

♪ My pops is the pen
just doin' his time ♪

[narrator] Several attempts
were made on Tupac's life,

including two allegedly
off duty Atlanta
police officers

using a gun stolen from an
evidence room to shoot at him.

Much evidence supports
the Haitian, Jacques Agnant, was an undercover police agent,

including a long
rap sheet of charges
that were all dismissed.

Agnant set up Tupac's sexual
liaison with Ayanna Jackson,

where she accused him
of forced sex

on her second sexual
encounter with him.

Police erased taped evidence
helping exonerate Tupac.

While Tupac
was found not guilty
of all major charges,

a jury did find him guilty
of touching her butt

against her will
after consensual sex.

For that, a judge gave
Tupac a sentence

of up to four years in prison
while awaiting appeal
in December of 1994.

US intelligence appeared
to take a greater role

in manipulating Tupac
during his 11 months in jail
and 11 months out.

first they practiced
penal coercion on him,
which involved extreme

manipulation techniques.

They coupled this
with COINTELPRO tactics

to instigate the east coast
versus west coast rap war

between Tupac and his rapper
friend Biggie Smalls,

and they coerced him
to join the music label,

Death Row Records,
while still in jail.

♪ Lady Justice is blind,
can't see our pain ♪

♪ Ain't do a damn thing
when my brother was slain ♪

[narrator] Death Row had dozens
of police officers

working at all levels of their company, particularly,

Reggie Wright Jr.,
whose father,
Reggie Wright Sr.,

headed the Compton area's
police gang division.

When investigating police
detective Russell Poole

asked about the purpose
of the police officers
in Death Row Records,

his superiors said they could
be considered covert agents.

Police reports stated
that Death Row

trafficked drugs and guns
but were never charged.

Death Row employees said
Knight tried to end
the gang peace truce,

and evidence supports
Death Row aided
the murder of Tupac.

Death Row also produced
the most negative Tupac songs,

which promoted
weed and alcohol,

while also exacerbating
the East versus West rap war.

Georgetown Law Professor,
Michelle Alexander,
wroteThe New Jim Crow,

about how US intelligence
has contributed to
the mass incarceration

of blacks through
long jail sentences

for non-violent drug offenses
such as marijuana possession.

The following are excerpts
from the award-winning

filmmaker Nick Broomfield's
movie,Biggie and Tupac.

Broomfield presented
Detective Poole's
press conference

about his superiors
blocking his investigation,

as well as his beliefs
that his fellow cops aided
in Tupac and Biggie's murders.

Detective Poole
had presented reports

on Death Row's
drug trafficking.

He also cited the police
officers in Death Row,

including its
security director,

former cop, Reggie Wright Jr.,

whose father headed a police
gang division.

I provided the chief
with enough information

and evidence that would
warrant a full probe,

and at that meeting
I was ordered
not to investigate any further.

[reporter] Ex-detective Poole
resigned after
18 years on the force

when he was prevented
from investigating

fellow police officers whom he believed to be involved

in the murders of Biggie Smalls
and Tupac Shakur.

Because it was no secret
that Death Row Records was
involved in drug trafficking.

Between 30 and 40
police officers,

some of whom are seen here,
worked off duty for Death Row.

This is Reggie Wright Sr.,
Chief Gangs Officer.

I'm dealing with this man,
Reggie Jr.,

seen here second left,
has been running Death Row

since Suge Knight's
been in prison.

♪ And how the hell it happened
man, I can't explain ♪

♪ So Imma wipe away the tears

♪ Take over the game

By the summer of 1996,

Tupac said he fulfilled
his Death Row Records contract

and started his own
record label, Euphanasia,

with its logo seen here
on his medallion.

Tupac had further majorly
decreased his drinking
and weed smoking,

as noted here by rap mogul,
Russell Simmons.

And he got engaged
to Quincy Jones'
daughter, Kidada,

A Death Row guard,
Kevin Hackie,

who was also
working for the FBI

apparently turned on the FBI

when he warned
Tupac not to attend

a Mike Tyson boxing match

on September 7th,
1996 in Las Vegas.

Death Row
fired Hackie immediately

after they learned
about the warning.

Tupac went to Las Vegas
and was shot

in a drive by incident
after the fight.

Hackie said he had documents
to prove the FBI
were in Tupac's motorcade

and watched when a car pulled
up to Tupac's in Las Vegas
and fatally shot him.

Filmmaker Broomfield reported
on US congressional concerns

about radical political rap
several years
before Tupac's death,

and on Hackie's statements
that the FBI at least
watched Tupac's murder.

[reporter] In 1993,
a Senate select committee

was set up to look into
the hip hop movement.

Fear of its
inflammatory qualities
led to FBI surveillance.

Hackie just informed us
he was working

as an undercover FBI agent a year before Tupac was killed.

According to Hackie,
FBI agents and ATN agents

were in cars just behind Tupac
on the night he was shot.

[narrator] Former New York
Black Panther 21 trial target,

Jamal Joseph,
eventually became chairman

of the Columbia University
Film Department

while staying close
with Afeni and Tupac Shakur.

Joseph described his belief
that Suge Knight and others
at Death Row

influenced Tupac
to start smoking weed again.

They appeared to do this
for US intelligence

to both manipulate Tupac
and then take him down

when he was leaving
Death Row Records

to become a more sober
and positive leader.

He also talked about the fact
that he was gonna
stop gettin' high,

and I know that when he got out
that when he got into the car

on the way to the airport,
Suge Knight was like,

"Man, here, have a drink.
Here's a blunt."

Now, right away
it's manipulation
and a different agenda.

And so I think that
there were people,

Suge Knight and other people,
that took those things

and just go, like,
"OK, we don't want him
thinking clearly."

But, yes,
I think he was targeted
because he was a Shakur

and because they know
connected with that name

was not just a legacy
but the activism

and the ability to...
to organize meetings.

[lyrics indistinct]

Starting around the mid-1990s,

US intelligence appeared
to push another drug,
MDMA or Ecstasy.

MDMA's precursor drug MDA
had been used

in the CIA's
MKUltra experiments.

Many studies conducted
in various countries

revealed that Ecstasy
led to memory loss,

with even infrequent usage.

The apartheid South African
government appeared to use

Ecstasy as a weapon
against its black citizens.

The assistant to the head
of South Africa's

chemical and biological
warfare program said his boss,

Wouter Basson, directed him to
manufacture a ton of Ecstasy.

The post-apartheid
government charged Basson

with selling a thousand
hits of Ecstasy

in South African
black neighborhoods.

Investigators found that
Basson's Ecstasy trafficking

went well beyond South Africa,
as he collaborated

with military chemical
warfare centers
in the US and Britain.

[man] In 1999,
Basson was brought to trial

for murder,
fraud and drug smuggling.

Witnesses describe the horrors
committed by Project Coast.

Investigators revealed
how the program had used

private front companies,
offshore bank accounts,

and worldwide
intelligence connections.

-[man] You were able to visit
Porton Down and Fort Detrick?
-Yes, we did.

You know,
I already have hassles

with the UK and American

I don't need any more,
thank you.

Basson was confirming visits

to the main bioweapons
labs in the west.

[narrator] The popular New York rap group, Wu-Tang Clan,

who were co-produced
by black activist leader,

Sonny Carson,
was also a target of a major

US intelligence operation
involving the FBI and ATF.

A high-level mafia ecstasy
kingpin, Michael Caruso,

was paid to go undercover
inside Wu-Tang Clan.

Caruso inserted himself
into the rap group,

becoming a personal manager
for two of the group members.

He treated them to parties with drugs and beautiful women.

When theVillage Voice
ran a cover story

exposing Caruso's mafia and
US intelligence connections,

the Wu-Tang rappers
immediately fired Caruso.

[hip hop music]

Besides appearing
to spread Ecstasy among

the hip-hop generation
in these and further ways,

US intelligence
continued to wage war

against other children
of leading Black Panthers,

who called themselves
Panther Cubs.

Chicago Panther leader
Fred Hampton's son,

Fred Hampton Jr.,
became head of the

International People's
Democratic Uhuru
movement in 1990.

He experienced at least
several assassination attempts

and was convicted
of aggravated arson in what

clearly appeared
as a frame-up by police.

After serving
nine years in prison,

Hampton founded the Prisoners
of Conscience Committee, POCC.

Sir, introduce yourself,

tell us what's going on today

and what are your thoughts?

Chairman Fred Hampton Jr.,

Blank Panther Party Cubs,
son of Chairman Fred Hampton,

as well as Akua Njeri,
formerly known
as Deborah Johnson.

In fact,
she just went in just now.

This is not police brutality,
it's police terrorism.

Let's be consistent with that.
We gotta organize
and be very clear.

There is a gang
problem in this city,

and the worst gang in this city
is Chicago Police Department.

[crowd talking over each other]

We gotta be consistent
with that.

The police, in fact,
the former superintendent

of Chicago police,
Leroy Martin, himself said,

"The baddest gang in this city

is the Chicago
Police Department."

They plant drugs on you,
they do drive-bys,
the whole deal.

We're not gonna get sidetracked
what the police call it.

We're very clear.
Ain't no war on drugs, no war
on guns, no war on gangs.

It's war on our black asses,
point blank.

By the new millennium,

two new groups that
received much attention

bore a strong resemblance
to and had many

of the same links as the CIA
MKUltra's Human Ecology Fund.

Officials in the Pentagon
aided the new organization

the Multidisciplinary
of Psychedelic Studies,

or MAPS, which had started
in 1986.

The similar Heffter group
started near that time
and did similar work

with the help from
the Rockefeller family.

People associated with both
MAPS and the Heffter Institute

worked with William
Leonard Pickard,

who with long-time paid
US intelligence partner,

Gordon Todd Skinner,
rose to become the top known

LSD trafficker
by the new millennium.

Pickard manufactured
ten million hits a month

in a decommissioned missile
silo on Wamego, Kansas.

Pickard had
previously met with the
Brotherhood of Eternal Love's

top scientist, Tim Scully,
in 1974.

["New Orleans"
by ElectroCult Circus]

William Pickard had a
dizzying array of connections

to universities,
top government officials,

top military figures, and the British House of Lords.

Pickard regularly met
with many MKUltra contractors

as well as receiving payments,
at one time,

from the Drug Enforcement
Agency in the 1980s.

Pickard had also
manufactured MDMA or Ecstasy.

In November of 2000,
some apparently honest

Drug Enforcement Agency
officials arrested Pickard
for his acid trafficking.

Most of Pickard's powerful
associates went unpunished

for this acid trafficking,
including his very wealthy

US intelligence agent partner,
Gordon Todd Skinner,

as well as MAPS
and Heffter-funded

Harvard Medical School
professor, John Halpern,

who admittedly gave Pickard
$299,000 in cash in 1998

with no explanation.

The international drug wars
continue today
in various other ways.

In 1991,
President George H.W. Bush launched the Andean Initiative,

allocating 4.5 billion dollars,
purportedly to eradicate

coca crops in Colombia

and other Latin American

President Bush called it
an anti-drug campaign,

but coca production tripled
from the time he launched it
in the 1980s to 2000.

On September 11, 2001,
planes flew into

the World Trade Center
and an attack
also occurred at the Pentagon.

President George W. Bush
quickly blamed

Osama Bin Laden's Al-Qaeda,
and linked them

to Taliban-controlled

Less than one month later,
on October 2, 2001,

President Bush started
the longest-running war

in American history
in Afghanistan.

Since then, Afghanistan
has become the largest

opium-producing area
in at least 60 years.

Pictured here
are American soldiers

in an Afghanistan
opium-producing poppy field.

Professor Peter Dale Scott
and other researchers

report that Bush's real
reason for attacking

the Taliban in Afghanistan
appeared to be
the Taliban's eradication

of their opium-producing
poppy fields in 2000.

In 1999, Afghanistan supplied
5,000 tons of heroin annually,

or 70 to 75%
of the world's heroin.

In June of 2001,
theNew York Times

and theWashington Post
printed articles confirming

that the Taliban's ban on
opium production that year

virtually wiped out
70% of the world's
illicit opium production.

The only people in Afghanistan
that continued production

were a small CIA-funded group
called the Northern Alliance,

who produced about 185 tons
of opium during that ban.

By 2007, after six years
of the US war on Afghanistan,

opium production rose
to over 8,000 tons,

nearly doubling any
previous production.

ANew York Times article
discussed how the US installed
Northern Alliance leader,

Hamid Karzai, as president,

while his brother,
Ahmed Karzai,

had been on the CIA payroll
for eight years

and the White House believed
Ahmed was involved
in drug trafficking.

[lyrics indistinct]

In September of 2011,
a group of activists

that called themselves
"Occupy Wall Street"

protested in the park
across from New York's Wall Street financial district.

They started chanting the
notion that most Americans

are the 99% of the population

from which the 1% wealthiest are stealing.

The Occupy movement
spread around the country,

and US intelligence began targeting them in various ways.

In 2012, activist
videographers released footage

of their investigation
of what they deemed

MK Occupy Minnesota,
with a clear reference
to CIA's MKUltra.

They found that police
intelligence bribed

Minneapolis Occupy activists
to smoke potent weed,

along with the potentially psychosis-causing Spice and K2.

Then they interrogated
these activists

about other Occupy activists,
and offered them bribes

to become police informants
on the Occupy movement.

The police officers
involved were found to be

part of a national drug
recognition program

active in 49 states and Canada.

The program was at least
stopped in Minnesota
after the MK Occupy film

spawned many more
investigative disclosures.

One of these disclosures
cited by CBS News

was that 190 officers
at 85 Minnesota agencies

are drug recognition
trained officers.

[man speaking]

"We know who you are.
We know that you're panned in,

that you're deep
into the Occupy movement."

I was like, "Dang, am I that
infamous in the system?"

They gave me a quarter
or more... of marijuana

and... if I said I would
become an informant.

[lyrics indistinct]

[narrator] In the arena of
opium and money laundering,

Bloomberg News
reported that by 2013,

JPMorgan Chase was the
largest bank in the world.

John Pierpont Morgan
was a descendant of
the Pierpont family,

that had intermarried
with the Russell family, the top American opium traders.

In 2013, President Obama's

fined JPMorgan Chase Bank
over two billion dollars

for not safeguarding
against money laundering
and other illegal practices.

Europe's largest bank, HSBC,
had a record-breaking

money laundering settlement
with the Obama administration
in 2013,

yet was allowed to
keep its enormous profits.
No one went to jail.

That year, HSBC was the
world's third largest bank

and sixth largest
public company.

HSBC stands for
Hong Kong and Shanghai
Banking Corporation

and a Scottish lord
founded it in 1865

with the help of his
opium trading profits.

[man] Hong Kong grew
at an astonishing rate.

A new bank was founded
to service the China trade,

the Hong Kong
and Shanghai Bank.

We know it as HSBC.

[narrator] So two of
the three largest banks

in the world gained their start from opium shipping money.

As detailed earlier, evidence
supports that America

fought its two longest wars
in the Golden Triangle area

next to Vietnam, and at the
other end of that Himalayan

mountain range in the Golden
Crescent of Afghanistan,

starting in 2002 over opium.

In October of 2017,
Newsweek Magazine reported

that under President Trump
administration orders,

the US military dropped
more bombs on Afghanistan
that September

than dropped in any other month in the previous seven years.

Their drug wars continue
while more and more activists
are rising up to stop them.

by ElectroCult Circus]

-[song ends]
-[hip hop music]

♪ Power to the people,
heard that before ♪

♪ Free Mumia Abu-Jamal

♪ Got no more blood
to give any y'all ♪

♪ Let go of Mutulu Shakur

♪ Power to the people,
heard that before ♪

♪ Free Mumia Abu-Jamal

♪ Got no more blood
to give any y'all ♪

♪ Keep your hands off Posada

[lyrics indistinct]

[hip-hop music]

♪ All the pain
in playin' the game ♪

♪ Tryin' to make a dollar
bill outta some change ♪

♪ The ghetto's for me
everywhere is the same ♪

♪ I'm tryin' to forget

[lyrics indistinct]

♪ Raised in the ghetto
off meeker means ♪

♪ Fightin' to survive here... [lyrics indistinct]

♪ My mission was a mission
which weighed and moved ♪

♪ I'm tired of hearin'
my momma sobbin'
cryin' the blues ♪

♪ Went to school
in High Waters ♪

♪ We're crossin'
the gang borders ♪

[song fades]